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Relativity: Ancestry from the Perspective of Adela and Lila Seltzer

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The numbering system used here is based on binary fractions. 1 = father, 0 = mother. The number defines the line of descent, moving from Adela and Lila backwards, one digit per generation. For instance, "0.10110" means father mother father father mother. Lila and Adela are descended from everyone with a number. If you appear here with a number, you are a descendant of everyone with a number which begins with your number. In orther words 0.1 is descended from everyone with a number beginning 0.1  This is my own idiosyncratic system. If you have suggestions for improvement, please let me know. Richard Seltzer mailto:seltzer@seltzerboks.com

 

Further thoughts on this system seltzerbooks/current.html#binary

How I assembled much of this information seltzerbooks.com/gen/ancestorsurfing.html

 

There are over 1600 direct ancestors listed here (not including cousins and other collateral relatives). But that is very few compared to the total number of your ancestors. Going back 55 generations, doubling with each generation, we each would have 36,028,797,018,963,968 (over 36 quadrillion) ancestors in that generation alone; and a grand total of 72,057,594,037,927,934 (over 72 quadrillion). But there were only about 200 million people in the entire world back in 400 AD. The discrepancy comes from cousins marrying distant cousins, usually with no idea that they were cousins. Everyone of European descent alive today has ancestors in common.Whoever you are, even if you don't know who your great-grandmother was, some part of this family tree is yours.  And if you have children and your children have children for about 35 generations, everyone alive on Earth a thousand years from now will be your descendant, will have genes that passed through you. We're all one family.

 

As Walt Whitman put it:

This is not only one man, this is the father of those who shall be fathers in their turns.
In him the start of populous states and rich republics,
Of him countless immortal lives with countless embodiments and enjoyments.
How do you know who shall come from the offspring of his offspring through the centuries?

 

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Direct Lines

Seltzer Family,. Starting from Generation 1, 1.1 Robert Seltzer, 1975 (back to 1572)

Denenberg Family, Starting from Generation 1, 0.0 Stacey Denenberg, 1976

 

Goryn Family, Starting from Generation 2, 0.00 Charlotte R. Goryn, 1947 (back to 1881)

Hartley Family, Starting from Generation 2, 0.10 Barbara Ann Hartley, 1950 (back to 1883)

 

The Schipper Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.000 Adela Schipper, 1912 (back to 1878)

 

The Perlow Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.010 Beatrice J. Perlow, 1912 (back to 1858)

Estes Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.110 Helen Estes, 1920 (back to 970)


Wilson Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.100 Mary Wilson, 1911 (back to 1837)

 

The Yaroslawicz Family, Starting with Generation 4, 0.0000 Chana Z. Yaroslalawicz, 1878 (back to c. 1820)

 

The Begun Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.0100 Bluma Begun, 1886 (back to 1830)

Daly Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1110 Lillian Leona Daly, 1890 (back to 1724)

Gillespie Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1000 Mary Jane Gillespie, 1881 (back to 1850)

Davis Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1010 Nell Davis, 1883, (back to 1804)

Griffith Family, from North Wales, Starting from Generation  4, 0.1100 Mae Griffith, 1883 (back to 1795)

Bogan Family, from Cork, Ireland, Starting from Generation 5, 0.11000 Isabella Bogan, 1848 (back to 1780)

The Moore Family, Starting from Generation 5, 0.11010 Eliza "Lily" Yates Moore, 1852 (back to 1725)

The Yates Family. Starting from Generation 6, 0.110100 Mary Ordelia Yates, 1820 (back to 1727)


Hocker Family, Starting from Generation 6, 0.111110 Anna Hocker, 1827 (back from 1749)

Bates Family, Starting from Generation 7, 0.1101119 Sarah Langhorne Bates, c. 1780 (back to 1685)

Bell Family from Generation 8, 0.11011100 Elizabeth Cary Bell, 1758 (back to 1716)

Cary Family from Generation 9, 0.110111000 Judith Cary, 1726 (back to 1492)


The Lewis Family, Starting from Generation 9, 0.110100110 Frances Fielding Lewis,1731 (back from 1669)

The Fleming Family, Starting from Generation 10, 0.1101110110 Susannah Tarleton Fleming, c. 1685 (back to 1252)

Neff Family, Starting from Generation 10, 0.111111110  Anna Catherina Neff, 1666 (back to 1406)


Zimmerman Family, Starting from Generation 11,0.1111111100 Regina Zimmerman, 1629 (back to 1580)

Warner Family, Starting from Generation 11, 0.1101001010 Elizabeth Warner, 1672 (back to 1621)

Ringer Family, Starting from Generation 12,0.11111111000 Anna Ringger, 1591 (back to 1288)

The Lusi Family, Starting from Generation 12, 0.11111111000 Anna Lusi, 1608 (back to 1580)

Livingston Family, Starting from Generation 14, 0.1101110110110 Margaret Livingston, 1634 (back to 1500)

Graham Family, Starting with Generation 15, 0.110111011011110 Lilias Graham, 1570 (back to 1424)

Second Stewart Family. Starting from Generation 15, 0.1101110110111110 Janet Stewart, 1502 (back to 1097)

Second Drummond Family, Starting from Generation 16, 0.1101110110111100 Joan Drummond, 1548 (back to 1153)

First Douglas Family, Starting from Generation 17, 0.1101110110110110 Agnes Douglas, c. 1500

First Stewart Family, Starting from Generation 19, 0.11011101101101110 Joan Stewart, 1428 (back to 1278)

Oldenburg Family, Starting from Generation 19, Margaret of Denmark, 1456, (back to c. 1350)

The Keith Family, Starting from Generation 20, 0.110111011011110110 Lady Janet Keith, c. 1492 (back to 1492)


Beaufort Family, Starting from Generation 20, 0.1101110110110111100 Joan Beaufort, 1404 (back to 1043)

Second Douglas Family, Starting from Generation 20, 0.1101110110111111110 Janet Douglas, 1420 (back to 1238)

Schauenburg Family, Starting from Generation 21, 0.110111011011111101010 Hedvig of Schuaenburg, 1398 (back to c. 1300)

Gordon Family, Starting from Generation 21, 0.1101110110111101100 Lady Elizabeth or Eliza Gordon, c. 1500 (back to c. 1400)

The Holland Family, Starting from Generation 21, 0.11011101101101111000 Margaret Holland, 1385 (back to 1283)

First Drummond Family, Starting from Generation 21, 0.1101110110111101110 Annabella Drummond, 1350 (back to 1153)

 

Family of Holstein-Ploen, Starting from Generation 22, 0.1101110110111111010110 Agnes Holstein, 1347 (back to 1254)

Brunswick Family, Starting from Generation 22, 0.1101110110111111010100 Katharina Elisabeth of Brunswick, 1385 (back to c. 1100)

The Second Graham Family, Starting from Generation 23, 0.110111011011110111019 Margaret de Graham, 1295 (back to c. 1150)

The Bruce Family, Starting from Generation 23, 0.1101110110110111101110 Marjorie Bruce, 1296, (bak to 1142)

Plantagenet Family, Starting from Generation 23, 0.1101110110110111100010 Joan the Fair Maid of Kent, 1328 (back to 1043)


The Hainault Family, Starting from Generation 23, 0.1101110110110111100110 Philippa of Hainaut,1324 back to 1202)

 

Second Family of Sweden from Generation 24, 0.110111011011111101011010 Ingeborg of Sweden, 1263 (back to 1180)

 

The Wake Family, Starting from Generation 24, 0.11011101101101111000110 Margaret Wake, 1297 (back to c. 750)

Capet Family, Starting from Generation 24, 0.110111011011011110001110 Marguerite of France, 1282 (back to 1245) 

The Valois Family, Starting from Generation 24, 0.11011101101101111001100 Jeanne of Valois, 1292 (back to c. 800)

The Hohenzollern Family, Starting from Generation 24, Dorothea of Brandenburg, 1430 (back to 1139)

 

The Family of Castile, Starting from Generation 25, 0.110111011011011110011110 Eleanor of Castile, 1241 (back to 790)

 

Second Family of Denmark, Starting from Generation 25, 0.1101110110111111010110100 Sophia of Denmark, 11239 (back to c. 950)

Brabant Family, Starting from Generation 25, 0.1101110110110111100011100 Maria of Brabant, 1254 (back to 1207)

 

Second Family of Saxony, Starting from Generation 26, 0.110111011011111101011010010 Jutta of Saxony, 1216 (back to c. 950)

 

The Family of Bavaria-Landshut, Starting with Generation 26, 0.1101110110111111010010 Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut, 1383, (back to 859)

 

The Family of Aragon, Starting with Generation 26, 0.110111011011011110011000 Isabella of Aragon, 2345 (back to 870)

 

The D'Aubigny Family, Starting from Generation 26, 0.110111011011110111010110  Maud d'Aubigny, c. 1150 (back to 1071)

 

Family of Portugal, Starting with Generation 27, 0.110111011011111101011010010 Princess Berengária of Portugal 1170 (back to 972)

 

Family of Thuringia, Starting with Generation 27, 0.1101110110111111010110100100 Agnes of Thuringia, 1205 (back to 1056)

 

The Montpellier Family, Starting with Generation 27, 0.1101110110110111100110001 Marie of Montpellier, 1174 (back to 1075)

 

The Huntingdon Family, Starting with Generation 27, 0.11011101101101111011101110 Isabella or Isobel of Huntingdon, 1199 (back to 954)

Family of Baldwin of Constantinople, Starting from Generation 27,0.11011101101101111001101110 Margaret II Countess of Flanders and Countess of Hainault, 1202 (back to 800)

First Hohenstaufen Family, Starting from Generation 27, 0.110111011011011110001110010 Marie of Hohenstaufen, 1202 (back to 1172)

 

Komnene Family, Starting from  Generation 28,  with 0.110111011011011110011000110 Eudokia Komnene, 1150 (back to 955)

The Family of Denmark, starting from Generation 28, 0.1101110110111111010100111110 Helen, 1184 (back to 970)

 

Second Hohenstaufen Family, Starting with Generation 29, 0.110111011011111101011010010010 Judith of Hohenstaufen, 1133 (back to c. 1020)


First Family of Saxony, Starting from Generation 29, 0.11011101101111110101001111110 Mathilda, Duchess of Saxony, 1156 (back to 1133)

Family of Normandy, Starting with Generation 29, Family of Normandy, Starting with Generation 29, from 0.11011101101101111001101110011 Henry II, King of England ,1122 (back to 7th century)

 

Family of Hungary, Starting from Generation 30,  0.11011101101101111001100011010  Piroska of Hungary AKA Saint Irene, 1088 (back to 406)

 

Second Family of Hungary, Starting from Generation 30, 0.11011101101111110100101100 Mary of Hungary, 1257 (back to 1110)

 

Family of Saarbrucken, Starting from Generation 30, 0.1101110110111111010110100100100 Agnes of Saarbrucken, 1132 (back to 1050)

 

Family of Kiev, Starting from Generation 30, 0.110111011011111101010011111010 Ingeborg of Kiev, 1090 (back to 912)

 

The Family of Supplinburg, from Generation 30, 0.110111011011111101010011111110 Gertrude of Supplinburg, 1108 (back to 1040)

 

The Family of Aquitaine, Starting from Generation 30, 0.11011101101101111001101110010 Eleanor of Aquitaine, 1122 (back to 820)

Welf or Guelph Family, Starting from Generation 30, 0.11011101101101111000111001010  Judith of Welf or Guelph, 1130 (back to c. 950)

 

Doukas Family, Starting with Generation 31 0.110111011011011110011000110110 Irene Doukaina, 1066 (back to 1000)

 

First Family of Lorraine, Starting from Generation 31, 0.11011101101111110101101001001000 Gisela of Lorraine, 1135 (back to c. 1000)

 

First Family of Flanders, Starting from Generation 31, 0.11011101101101111001101110011010 Matilda of Flanders, 1031 (back to 844)

 

The Family of Dublin, Starting with Generation 31, 0.1101110110110111100011011111110 Raignaillt of Dublin, 1014 (back to 926)

 

Family of Bulgaria, Starting from Generation 32, 0.1101110110110111100110001101100 Maria of Bulgaria, 1077 (back to c. 950)

 

The Second Family of Wessex, Strting with Generation 32, 0.11011101101111110101001111101010 Gytha of Wessex, 1053 (back to 519)

 

Second Family of Lorraine, Starting from Generation 33, 0.1101110110111111010110100100100010 Hedwig de Namur, 1030 (back to 823)

 

Alpin Family, Starting with Generation 33, 0.11011101101101111011101111111110 Bethoc of Scone, 975 (back to legend)

 

First Family of Sweden, Starting with Generation 34, 0.1101110110111111010100111110101110 Ingegerd Olafsdottir, 978 (back to 945)

 

Family of Antioch, Starting with Generation 34  0.110111011011111101001011001110 Agnes of Antioch, 1148 (back to 880)

 

Family of Armenia, Starting from Generation 36, 0.11011101101101111001100011011001110 Ripsimia of Armenia, 911 (back to 265)

 

Family of Lombardy, Starting with Generation 36, 0.11011101101101111001101110111111110 Rozala of Lombardy. 950 (back to 742)

 

Third Family of Saxony, Starting with Generation 36, 0.1101110110111111010110100100100010110 Gerberga of Saxony, 913 (back to c. 820)

 

Second Family of Kiev, Starting from Generation 37,  0.110111011011111101001011001111110 Predslava, 1070 (back to 1024)

 

Third Family of Wessex, Starting with Generation 37, 0.1101110110111111010110100100100010110 Eadgifu of England, 879 (back from 800)

 

Family of Toulouse, Starting with Generation 38, 0.11011101101111110101101001001000101110 Adelaide of Paris, 850 (back from 688)

 

Holy Roman Emperors, Starting with Generation 38, 0.110111011011011110011011100110101111110 Judith of Flanders, 844 (Back to 382

 

Family of Early Norwegian Kings, House of Yngling, Starting with Generation 38,  0.110111011011011110011011100110111111110 Ascrida Rognvaldsdatter, 819 (back to 7th century)

 

Family of Poland, Starting with Generation 39, 0.11011101101111110100101100111111010 Gertrude of Poland, 1024 (back to 940)

 

First Family of Wessex, Starting with Generation 39, 0.11011101101101111001101110111111111110 Aelfthryth, 975, (back to 495)

 

Family of Bavaria, Starting at Generation 41, 0.110111011011011110011011100110101111110110 Hildegarde, 748 (back to 729)

 

Family of Bohemia, Starting with Generation 42,  0.11011101101111110100101100111111010110 Dobrawa, 940 (back to 860)

 

Family of Alamannia, Starting with Generation 42, 0.1101110110110111100110111001101011111101100 Emma of Alamannia, 730 (back to 670)

 

Family of Treve, Starting with Generation 43, 0.11011101101101111001101110011010111111011110 Rotrude of Treve, 690 (back to 582)

 

Family of Austrasia, from Generation 45, 0.1101110110110111100110111001101011111101100110 Name Unknown, 709 (back to 437)

 

Family of Saint Begga, Starting from Generation 45, 0.1101110110110111100110111001101011111101111110 Saint Begga

 

Family of Saint Doda, Starting from Generation 46, with 0.11011101101101111001101110011010111111011111110 Saint  Doda, 584 (back to 390)

 

Merovingian Family, From Generation 48, from 0.1101110110110111100110111001101011111101111111010 Blithide, 538 (back to 388)

 

Family of Ancient Rome, Starting from Generation 42, with 0.11011101101101111001101110011010111111011111110111110 Syagria, 390 (back to 345)

 

Cousins (from the perspective of Adela and Lila)

Highlights (more links to come - this is a work in progress)

Name Sakes of Adela and Lila

Adela Schipper, great-grandmother

 

Adela of Champagne, Queen of France

 

Lilias Graham, daughter of the Earl of Montrose and wife of Lord Fleming, first Earl of Wigton

 

Extraordinary Women

 

Anna Komnene, the first woman historian (Byzantine princess) (cousin)

 

Joan Stewart, deaf and dumb princess

 

Isabella, known as the "She-Wolf", French princess and English queen

 

Syagria and Papianilla, "splendid" ladies of ancient Rome

 

Saint Itta and Saint Begga

 

Alice of Jerusalem, Constance of Antioch, and Agnes of Antioch - princesses of Crusader kingdoms

 

Basina, Queen of Thuringia, then Queen of the Franks, the woman who knew what she wanted and got it

 

Saint Clotilde, the vengeful saint who converted France to Christianity

 

Saint Ludmila, grandmother of "Good King Wenceslaus" and of his murderer

 

Saint Olga, the vengeful beauty who converted Russia to Christianity

 

Gormflaith, legendary for her beauty and he wickedness

 

Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent" the most beautiful woman in England

 

Edith the "Gentle Swan" and her love bites

 

Elizabeth the Cuman, Hungarian queen descended from Asian invaders

 

Saint Margaret of Scotland

 

Empress Matilda, first woman ruler of England

 

Eleanor of Aquitaine, queen of France and then queen of England, crusader

 

Lady Ingrid Ylva, the white witch

 

Sophia of Denmark, princess chess player

 

American History

George Washington (cousin)

Captain Meriweather Lewis of the Lewis and Clarke Expedition (cousin)

General Robert E. Lee (cousin)

 

The Shakespeare Collection (ancestors with connections to Shakespeare's plays):

 

King John "Lackland" of England by way of Edward I's marriage to Eleanor of Castile, by way of Edward I's marriage to Marguerite of France

King Duncan I of Scotland who was murdered by Macbeth

King Malcolm III of Scotland who killed Macbeth

Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent, the mother of King Richard II

John of Gaunt, the uncle of Richard II, father of King Henry IV, grandfather of King Henry V, and great-grandfather of King Henry VI

Crusaders


William IX, the Troubador, Duke of Aquitaine, one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101
one of the leaders of the Crusade of 1101 and the first troubadour/ vernacular lyric poet in the Occitan language

Fulk V, King of Jerusalem

King Louis IX of France, Saint Louis

King Philip III the Bold of France

Isabella of Aragon, wife of King Philip III of France, accompanied him on the 8th Crusade, against Tunis

King Louis VII of France

King James I of Aragon, shipwreck halted his voyage to the Crusade of 1269

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, second Crusade

Byzantine Emperor John II Komnenos

Eudes I of Burgundy, participant in Crusade of 1101

William V of Montpellier, participant in the First Crusade·

James, Lord of Avesnes, Conde and Leuze, in the Third Crusade led a detachment of French, Flemish, and Frisian soldiers. Died in the Battle of Arsuf 1191.

Welf I, Duke of Bavaria, joined Crusade and died in Cyprus on return in 1101

Alain, a crusader in 1097

Alan fitzFlaad, killed on Crusde in Antioch after 1114

Eleanor of Aquitaine (a woman Crusader)

Emperor Baldwin I of Constantinople (1172-1205) also known as Baldwin VI Count of Hainault and Baldwin IX Count of Flanders. In the Fourth Crusade the Crusaders conquered Constantinople and made Baldwin emperor


Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland, said to have accompanied King Louis IX of France on the Crusade in 1248

Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland, accompanied Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade, patron of the Knights Templar

Emoulf of Hesdin, killed on crusade at Antioch c. 1100

The Dante Collection (ancestors mentioned in the Divine Comedy):

Hugh the Great, Duke of France


King Philip III the Bold of France

The Saint Collection (ancestors who were saints)


King Louis IX of France (Capet) "Saint Louis" of the Crusades (1214-1270)


Saint Margaret (1045-1093)

Saint Irene (AKA Piroska of Hungary) (1088 - 1134)

Saint Vladimir the Great, Prince of Kiev (c. 958 - July 15, 1015)

Saint Olga of Kiev (c. 890-July 11, 969

Matilda of Ringelheim AKA Saint Matilda or Saint Mathilda  (c. 895 – March 14, 968)

Saint Clotilde, wife of Clovis (475-545)

Saint Begga (615-693)·

Saint Itta (d.652)

 

Saint Doda

Saint Dode

Saint Arnulf of Metz (b. around 582)

Saint Leudwinus (660-772)

Saint Clodulf AKA Saint Cloud (605 - 696 or 697)

Kings of England (who were ancestors)


Wessex

Egbert, reigned 829-839 (= first king of England)

Ethelwulf, reigned 839-856

Alfred the Great, reigned 871-899

Harold II (c. 1022 - Oct. 14, 1066)

Normandy

William I "the Conqueror", reigned 1066-1087


Henry I "Beauclerc", reigned 1100-1135


Plantagenet


Henry II, reigned 1154-1189 second line with same ancestor third line with same ancestor

John I "Lackland" (of the Magna Carta), reigned 1199-1216

Henry III, reigned 1216-1272 two lines with same ancestor

Edward I "Longshanks", reigned 1272-1307

Edward II, reigned 1307-1327

Edward III, reigned 1327-1377

Kings of Scotland


Alpin


Kenneth I, reigned 834?-858, conqueror of the Picts, first king of the Scots

Constantine I, reigned 863-877

Donald II, reigned 889-900

Malcolm I, reigned 943-954

Kenneth II, reigned 971-995

Malcolm II, reigned 1005-1034

Dunkeld


Duncan I, reigned 1034-1040, killed by Macbeth

Malcom III, reigned 1058-1093, killed Macbeth

David I, reigned 1124-1153

Bruce

Robert I (the Bruce) , reigned 1306-1326

Stewart


Robert II, reigned 1371-1390

Robert III, reigned 1390-1406

James I, reigned 1406-1436

James II, reigned 1437-1460

James III, reigned 1451/1452-1488

James IV, reigned 1488-1513

Kings of Wale
s


Llywelyn the Great


Rhodri the Great

Kings of Dublin


Sigtrygg Silkbeard

Olaf or Amlaib Cuaran (c. 926? - 931)

 

Brian Boru, High King of Ireland (c. 941 - April 23, 1017)

Kings of France


Merovingian


Chlothar I

Clovis I

Chlideric I

Merovech·

Carolingian


Charles Martel, reigned 686-741

Pepin the Short, reigned 714-768

Charlemagne d. 814

Louis the Pious (778-840)

Charles the Bald (823-877)

Capet


Robert II, reigned 996-1031

Henry I, reigned 1031-1060

Philip I, reigned 1060-1108

Louis VI, reigned 1108-1137

Louis VII, reigned 1137-1180

Philip II, reigned 1180-1223

Louis VIII, reigned 1223-1226

Louis IX, Saint Louis, reigned 1226-1270

Philip III, reigned 1270-1285

Kings of Aragon and Navarre AKA Pamplona and Counts of Barcelona

Garcia Jimenez of Pamplona

Sancho I of Pamplona

Garcia Sanchez I of Pamplona

Sancho II of Pamplona

Garcia Sanchez II of Pamplona

Sancho III Garces of Navarre

Ramiro I of Aragon

Sancho Ramirez of Aragon and Navarre

Ramiro II of Aragon

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona

Alfonso II of Aragon, reigned 1162-1196

Peter II of Aragon

James I of Aragon

 

Kings of Portugal

 

Sancho I

 

Afonso I Henriques

 

Kings of Hungary

 

Bela I

 

Bela II

 

Geza II

 

Bela III

 

Andrew II

 

Bela IV

 

Stephen V

 

Bela I

 

Taksony

 

Zoltan

 

Arpad

 

Almos

 

Attila the Hun

Dukes of Bohemia

 

Boleslaus I (brother of Good King Wenceslaus, who killed Wenceslaus to get his throne)

 

Vratislaus I

 

Borivoy I

 

Kings of Poland

 

Mieszko I

 

Boleslaw I

 

Mieszko II


Princes of Kiev

Mstislav I Vladimirovich the Great of Kiev (1076 - 1132)

Vladimir II Monomakh (1053-1125)

Vsevolod I of Kiev (1030-1093)

Yaroslav I the Wise (978-1054)

Saint Vladimir I the Great (958-1015)

Prince Igor, reigned 912-914 two lines with same ancestor

Prince Sviatoslav I (c. 942 - March 972)

Kings of Denmark


King Christian I of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, reigning 1448-1481


King Valdemar I of Denmark (1131-1182)

 

King Valdemar II of Denmark

King Eric I of Denmark (c. 1060 - 1103)

Kings of Sweden

 

Valdemar I of Sweden

 

Olof Skotkonung (980? -  1021 or 1022?)

Eric the Victorious (945? - c. 995)

Holy Roman Emperors
·


Lothair III

Frederick I Barbarossa

Charles the Bald

Louis the Pious

Charlemagne

Byzantine Emperors


Emperor Baldwin I of Constantinople (1172-1205) also known as Baldwin VI Count of Hainault and Baldwin IX Count of Flanders. In the Fourth Crusade the Crusaders conquered Constantinople and made Baldwin emperor


John II Komnenos, reigned 1118-1143

Alexios I Komnenos, reighed 1081-1118

Constantine IX Monomachos, reigned 1042-1055)

 

Emperor of Bulgaria

 

Ivan Vladislav

 

Kings of Armenia

 

Alchemists

 

 John Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, nicknamed The Alchemist

 

Witches

 

Lady Ingrid Ylva, the white witch

The Cities Collection

St. Louis, MO, named for King Louis IX of France (Capet) "Saint Louis" of the Crusades (1214-1270)
St. Cloud, named for Saint Clodulf AKA Saint Cloud (605 - 696 or 697)

Poetry Collection


Marie of France

Chretien de Troyes (possible)

 

William IX, the Troubadour, Duke of Aquitaine

The Operas Collection


Tannhäuser by Wagner, Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia

Lohengrin by Wagner, Henry the Fowler

The Movie Collection


The Lion in Winter (portraying King Henry II,Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, and King John I of England) by way of Edward I's marriage to Eleanor of Castile,by way of Edward I's marriage to Marguerite of France

Braveheart King Robert the Bruce of Scotland, Willilam "le Hardi" Douglas, ally of William Wallace, King Edward I of England Longshanks, and his son Edward II and his wife Isabella of France. In the movie, King Edward sends Isabella, his daughter-in-law, to negotiate with Wallace Actually, Edward II married Isabella a year after his father died and three years after the execution of Wallace. So the implication that she had a tryst with Wallace and her son was his is Hollywood fantasy. But she (our ancestor) was an interesting character in her own right, leading a rebellion that overthrew her husband and put her young son Edward III on the throne, with her as regent. She was nicknamed "The She-Wolf of France."

King Arthur portrays Cerdic of Wessex (d. 534) and Cynric of Wessex, his son, who ruled as King of Wessex. Cerdic was leader of the first group of West Saxons to come to England in 495. The movie shows he and his son killed in battle by King Arthur and Sir Lancelot.

The Da Vinci Code (both the book and the movie) (proposes the theory that Clovis, Merovingian king of France, was a direct descendant of Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene) Wikipedia about the book The Da Vinci Code "Mary Magdalene was of royal descent (through the Jewish House of Benjamin) and was the wife of Jesus, of the House of David. That she was a prostitute was slander invented by the Church to obscure their true relationship. At the time of the Crucifixion, she was pregnant. After the Crucifixion, she fled to Gaul, where she was sheltered by the Jews of Marseille. She gave birth to a daughter, named Sarah. The bloodline of Jesus and Mary Magdalene became the Merovingian dynasty of France."

 

Ironically, we had ancestors on both sides of important historical struggles  Our ancestor William Douglas fought along side William Wallace, but we are also descended from their enemy King Edward I Longshanks of England, and Robert the Bruce who betrayed Wallace and then became king of Scotland. We also are descended from both William of Normandy and King Harold II who clashed at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. And we are descended from Byzantine emperors near the time of the Crusades, and Baldwin, who the Crusaders installed as emperor after sacking Constantinople in 1204.

 

Related files:

Ancestor Surfing,an Example of How Wikipedia Can Help to Trace Family Lines Back Over 50 Generations

Extraordinary Women, My mother Helen Estes Seltzer died Dec. 28, 2010, at the age of 90.  Because of her life-long interest in family history, in her memory I compiled these profiles of powerful and strong-willed women among her ancestors, who might inspire her descendants.

Two of the "Four Queens" Nancy Goldstone's book "Four Queens" gives a panoramic view of 13th century Europe, from the perspectives of four sisters whose marriages made them queens of France, England, Germany, and Sicily. Two of those queens, Eleanor, wife of King Henry III of England, and Marguerite, wife of King Louis IX of France (Saint Louis), were ancestors of mine.

Cary-Estes Genealogy by May Folk Webb and Patrick Mann Estes, originally published in 1939.

Cary-Estes Moore Genealogy by Helen Estes Seltzer, originally published in 1981.


The Seltzer Family


The early generations of the Seltzer family in Germany are based on information found at Ancestry.com
From (Johann) Michael Seltzer (1740-1815) onward, the family record compiled by Ray Behm and the information from Ancestry.com is in agreement.
See Ray Behm's genealogy  for more detail on recent generations and collateral lines.
I've numbered each ancestor using a binary fraction system, explained elsewhere. 1 = male, 0 = female starting at the decimal point and moving to the right.  0.1 = father, 0.0 = mother; 0.11 = father's father, 0.10 = father's mother, 0.01 = mothers father; 0.00 = mother's mother.


Adela Rose Seltzer b. Nov. 9, 2007

Lila Pearl Seltzer b. May 27, 2010

daughters of

Generation 1

0.1 Robert Richard Hartley Seltzer (b. July 29, 1975), Milton Academy 1993, BS Yale 1997, MBA and MS Wharton md. Aug. 10, 2002 in Boston, MA 0.0 Stacey Denenberg (b. July 18, 1976), BS and MS Yale 1998, MBA Wharton Dennenberg Family

Robert's siblings =

Heather Katherine Hartley Seltzer (b. Aug. 13, 1977 in Boston) Newton Country Day, 1995; Sarah Lawrence, 1999 md. Jennifer Moon

Michael Richard Hartley Seltzer (b. June 14, 1980 in Boston) St. Sebastian's, Northeastern Univ.

Timothy Richard Hartley Seltzer (b. Oct. 5, 1989 in Boston) Catholic Memorial, now lives in Brooklyn. 

children of

Generation 2

0.11 Richard Warren (8) Seltzer, Jr.  (b. Feb. 23 1946 Clarksville, TN) BA Yale 1969, MA U. of Mass. 1973 md. (1) July 28, 1973 Boston, MA 0.10 Barbara Ann Hartley (Feb. 20 1950 - Dec. 4 2012) Albertus Magnus 1971 Hartley Family  md. (2) Sept. 27, 2015 Orange, CT Marilyn Mandel Lender (b. Aug. 22, 1945) divorced Milford, CT, March 28, 2017


Richard Warren Seltzer, Jr. with mother Helen Estes Seltzer, July 1946, 5 months old.


Richard Warren Seltzer, Jr., at Sunnyside Avenue in Philadelphia, 1950 (four years old).

Richard's sister =

Raven (Sallie) Seltzer (b. Jan. 8, 1964 in Bristol, PA. BA Mount Holyoke, Master's in Film USC, screenwriter, singer, song writer, yoga instructor, acupuncturist. Now lives in North Carolina.


Raven (Sallie) Seltzer in 1967

Raven (Sallie) Seltzer in 2015

children of

Generation 3

0.111 Richard Warren Seltzer, Sr. (b. June 5, 1923 Washington, DC d. June 14, 1014 )  md. June 5, 1944 in Philadelphia, PA, 0.110 Helen Estes (b. Jan. 31, 1920 Philadelphia, PAd.- Dec. 28, 2010 West Roxbury, MA) Estes Family

Richard B.A. Univ. of Md.; M.S. Univ. of Penna.; Ed.D. Univ. of Md., superintendent of schools Bristol Township, Huntingdon Valley, and Columbia, PA. autobiography and doctoral dissertation available online.


Richard Warren Seltzer, Sr., with mother Lillian Leona Seltzer in background, June 5, 1927 (4 years old).


http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/richardseltzersrhousewhereborn.jpg

photo of the house he was born in -- 640 E St. NE, Washington, DC taken July 26, 1902, with Uncles Charles and his bicycle in front

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/lillianphilrichardjames.jpg

photo of Lillian, James, Richard, and Phil on the road to Myersville MD 1932

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/lillianphilipandrichardseltzer.jpg

photo of Lillian and sons Philip and Richard at home at 1234 Pinecrest Circle in Woodside Park, MD 19 January 1930

Richard's siblings = (click on links for details below


Charles Philip Setlzer (1921-2008)


James Henry Seltzer (1928-2013)


John Paul Seltzer (1932-  )

 

Children of

Generation 4

0.1111 Warren Ray Seltzer (April 20, 1891 Washington, DC - April 13, 1978, Washington, DC) architect, md. June 19, 1918 0.1110 Lillian Leona Daly (Oct. 6, 1890 - April 15, 1973) Daly Family

Newspaper notice of his death:
Warren Seltzer, Retired Architect for Government
    Warren Ray Seltzer, 87, a retired government architect, died Wednesday at the National Lutheran Home in Washington after a stroke.
    He worked for the Navy's bureau of Docks and Yards, and after World War II, the Veterans Administration for 40 years before retiring in 1966.
    Mr. Seltzer was a native of Washington and graduate of McKinley Tech High School. He earned a degree in architecture at Catholic University.
    A resident of Silver Spring for 50 years, he had been active in the senior fellowship, Sunday school and choir at St. Luke Lutheran Church in Silver Spring since 1942.
    His wife, the former Lillian Daly, died in 1973.
    He is survived by four sons, the Rev. C. Philip of Marshallville, Ohio, Dr. Richard W. of Columbia, Pa., James H. of Snow Hill, Md., and the Rev. Dr. J. Paul of Syracuse, NY; 12 grandchildren, and six great-grandchildren.


Lillian Leona Daly Seltzer at 6 years old, 1896, at home at 9th and Maryland Ave. NE, Washington, DC.


Lillian Leona Daly Seltzer and Warren Ray Seltzer, married June 19, 1918.


Warren Ray Seltzer and Lillian Leona Daly Seltzer on their wedding trip to Philadelphia, June 1919.

Warren's siblings (by mother Susan) =
Charles W. Seltzer (1880-   )
Edgar Arnold Seltzer (1884-   ), daughter = Olive

children of:

Generation 5

0.11111 Henry Hocker Seltzer (Aug. 28, 1856 - Aug. 7 1925), physician,  md. (1) 1877 0.11110 Susan Arnold (April 1859 - Dec. 1916), daughter of Peter Arnold md. (2) Oct. 18, 1918 Sarah L. Behm (1856-).  Henry and Susan both buried in Washington, DC.

His autobiography = "Henry Hocker Seltzer, Pennsylvania Dutch Teacher, Civil Servant,and Physician - Memories of 1856-1915"
as web page
as pdf file

He grew up on a farm near Belle Grove, Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Dutch was spoken in the home. English was his second language, putting him at a disadvantage when he went to school, but he became very bookish, proud of his educational accomplishments. For 10 years, he taught in one-room schoolhouses in Pennsyvanian Dutch farm country. At times, he handled, alone, as many as 65 students ranging in age from 5 to 21, and for a wage of $33/month. He had to deal with the vagaries of rural schools, with behavior problems and parents who had little respect for book learning, and arbitrary decisions of county-level school administartion. During corn-husking sometimes only 3-5 students would show up. He traveled by train to Kansas in 1878, and almost settled there. Later, le got a civil service bookkeeping job with the US Treasury Dept and wrote a bookkeeping text book for farmers. And, at the age of 40, he got an M.D. degree from what later became George Washington University. He practiced medicine very little, having gotten the degree mainly to prove that he could.

Henry Hocker Seltzer, March 14, 1910. Photo taken at Donaldson Studio, 927 F. St. NW, Washington, DC


http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/henryhockerseltzer2.jpg

Henry Hocker Seltzer 1922

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/henryhockerseltzerschoolhouse.jpg

photo of schoolhouse where Henry Hocker Seltzer taught

siblings of Henry Hocker Seltzer =
mother = Barbara Smith
John P. Seltzer (1851-1922)
Martin Seltzer (1852-1934)
James M. Seltzer (1854-1855)
Elizabeth E. Seltzer (1859-1934)
Benjamin F. Seltzer (1861-1949)
Charles Augustus Seltzer (Uncle Gus) (1864-1965), daughter = Violet
Harvey L. Seltzer (1866-1936)
mother = Anna Hocker
Henry Hocker Seltzer

children of

Generation 6

0.111111 Henry Uhland Seltzer (June 15 June, 1824 - Nov. 25, 1897; md. 0.111110 Anna Hocker (May 10, 1827 - Jan.  10, 1914)  Hocker Family


Henry Uhland Seltzer, 1893. Photo taken at Roshon Studio, 22 South 9th St., Lebanon, PA
 

Anna Hocker Seltzer. Photo taken at M.E. Bare Photographer, Hummelstown, PA.

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/annahockershouse.jpg

photo of homestead Henry Uhland built in 1896 in Hockersville, PA

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/hockerhomestead.jpg

photo taken in July 1905 of house in Hockersville where Anna was born

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/barbarasmithhocker.jpg

Barbara Smith Hocker

http://www.seltzerbooks.com/gen/seltzer/martinhocker.jpg

Martin Hocker

Henry Uhland Seltzer = son of

Generation 7

0.1111111 Philip Seltzer (stone mason, also cultivated a small farm which he owned) ( Dec. 6, 1772 - April 19, 1847) died of tuberculosis, buried in the Reformed cemetery at Annville, PA; md. March 25, 1800 0.1111110 Maria Uhland (Aug. 10, 1784 - Feb. 25, 1860) died  of cancer, buried Lutheran cemetery at Bellegrove, PA.

Philip Seltzer's siblings =
Anna Maria Seltzer (1771-  )
Abraham L. Seltzer (1773-1863)
Jacob Seltzer (1776-1846)
Barbara (1777-1875)
Michael Seltzer (1780-1863)
John Seltzer (1783-1856)
John George Seltzer (1813-1899)

children of:

Generation 8

0.11111111 Johann Michael Seltzer (March 23, 1740 Lutheran, Parchim, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany - 1815 Mount Zion, Lebanon, Pennsylvania) md. 0.11111110 Barbara Gasser (1748 - ). Michael arrived in Philadelphia with his father in 1752. He served in the American Revolution. His descendants qualify for membership in the Sons of the American Revolution and in the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Michael was buried in the cemetery at Zoar's Lutheran Church, Mt. Zion, Lebanon County, PA (tombstone made of native sandstone worn by the elements and illegible in 1937; per handwritten notes by Richard Seltzer, Sr., this tombstone no longer existed in 1975).

Barbara Gasser was daughter of Jacob Gasser of Helidelberg Township near Schaefferstown, Lebanon County, where he owned and cultivated 38 acres which he purchased form the Penn agents in 1735) reportedly buried in Jonestown, Lebanon County. Children: i Anna Maria ii Philip iii Jacob iv Michael Jr. v John vi Barbara

Michael and Barbara Seltzer probably established their first home in or near Schaeferstown, where their first child was born and baptized in St. Luke's Lutheran Church, of which they were members in 1771.

Michael signed the Oath of Allegiance to the American Colonies in 1778 and served as a soldier of the third class in Company 7 of the 9th Battalion of Lancaster County in 1781, under Captain Bradley and Lieutenant Adam Mark. [per handwritten notes by Richard Seltzer, Sr., spelled "Michel Selcer" on the muster roll.]

He paid a tax of eight pounds (English money) on 150 acres of land which he owned in Bethel township in 1782. Bethel township and Heidelberg township were both then in Lancaster County. When Dauphin County was created from Lancaster in 1785, Michael Seltzer and his brother Christian, both residents of Bethel township were among those who protested about Middletown becoming the county seat of Dauphin County.

On May 5, 1789, Michael and his wife Barbara purchased 166 acres of land from Archibald Sloan for 560 pounds. This was part of a larger tract granted to Samuel Sloan by the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania, on November 26, 1748. (Samuel was Chibald's uncle). This tract lies directly north of the bridge that spans the Swatara Creek at what is know as the Water Works, north of Annville, PA. On this tract, Michael Seltzer erected a house and barn. A stone in the upper part of the house has this inscription "M.S. 1802". Cross the bridge across Swatara Creek at Water Works, the farm lies on the left side of the road. Go down the lane to the creek. Here is the house, shaded by trees.

This tract is recorded in Book G., Volume 1, Page 307 in the Recorders Office, Dauphin County Court House, Harrisburg, PA, as follows: "Beginning at a F____ thence by land of Robert Young, North 50 degrees, East 174 perches, thence by land of Peter Gingrich, South 113 perches, thence by same East 18 and two tenth perches, thence by same South one and one-half degrees and 169 perches, thence down Swatara Creek 2786 perches to place of beginning."

Johann Michael's siblinlgs =
Georg Christian
Johann Jacob
Johann Phillip
Maira Eva

children of

Generation 9

0.111111111 (Johann or Hans) Jacob Seltzer (Feb. 15, 1711 - 1772) md. 1733 0.111111110 Anna Maria Welsen (   - 1769)

Immigrant. Cooper and farmer. Arrived in Pennsylvania 1752 with Wife Anna Maria Welsin; Daughter Maria Eva; Son Johann Michael; Son Johann Philipp; Son Georg Christian; Son Johann Jacob. Source: BURGERT, ANNETTE KUNSELMAN. Eighteenth Century Emigrants from German-Speaking Lands to North America. Publications of the Pennsylvania German Society, 16/19. Birdsboro, PA: The Pennsylvania German Society. Vol. 1: The Northern Kraichgau. 1983. 461p., page 341.  Shown in Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s at Ancestry.com

(Johann) Jacob = son of

Generation 10

0.1111111111 Wyerich Seltzer (1661 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Byern, Gemany - 1742 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Byern, Germany) md. 1683 Michelfeld, Ostalbkris, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany 0.111111110 Anna Catherina Neff  (1666 Michelfeld, Ostalbkreis, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany - 1759 Michelfeld, Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany) The Neff Family

Wyerich = son of

Generation 11

0.11111111111 Erasmus Seltzer (1640, Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany - 1703, Michelfeld, Germany) md. 1658 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany 0.11111111110 Margaretha Donner (Dec. 27, 1638 Sundgau, Germany - June 26, 1667 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany)

Erasmus = son of

Generation 12

0.111111111111 Georg Seltzer (1604 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany - Nov. 22, 1669, Michelfled, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany) md. 1662 Michelfeld, Germany, 0.111111111110 Anna Baur (1605 Germany - 1654 Laimen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany)

Georg = son of

0.1111111111111 Ulrich Seltzer (1572 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany  - 1607 Michelfeld, Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany) md. 1600 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany 0.11111111111110 Margaretha (1576 - )


Denenberg Family, Starting from Generation 1, 0.0  Stacey Denenberg

0.0 Stacey A. Denenberg (b. July 18, 1976) md. Aug. 10, 2002 in Boston 0.1 Robert Richard Hartley Seltzer (b. July 29, 1975)

her sibling =
Scott  A. Denenberg md. in Cambridge, MA md. July 7, 2018 Emily Lilly

children of -

Generation 2

0.01 Jeffrey Neil Denenberg (b. March 21, 1943) md. 0.00 Charlotte R. Goryn (b. Sept. 21, 1947) Goryn Family

his siblings =
Burton H. Denenberg (b. 1935) md. Judy Sklair (b. 1935)
Alan Denenberg md. (1) Mary Lou Zittman (b. 1941) md. (2) Vicki Brown (b. 1947)

Jeffrey = son of

Generation 3

0.011 Joseph B. Denenberg of Omaha, NE md. 0.010 Beatrice J. Perlow (1912-2004) Perlow Family

Joseph = son of

Generation 4

0.0111 Mejer Denenberg (1824-1885) md. 0.0110 Beyla Ryfka Lichtenberg (b. 1825) daughter of 0.01101 Chackiel Lichtenberg (b. 1800) md. 0.01100 Chai (b. 1800)

Mejer = son of

Generation 5

0.0111 Aron Denenberg (b. 1800) md. 0.01110 Eyga (b. 1800)


Goryn Family, Starting from Generation 2, 0.00 Charlotte R. Goryn

0.00 Charlotte R. Goryn (b. Sept. 21, 1947) md. 0.01 Jeffrey Neil Denenberg (b. March 21, 1943)

 

Charlotte = daughter of

 

Generation 3

 

0.001 Aron G. Goryn (1907-1996) md. 0.000 Adela Schipper (1912-2011) Schipper Family

 

Aron = son of

 

Generation 4

 

0.0011 Chaim Chill Goryn (1881-1942) md. 0.0010 Rachel Gelfenbein (b. 1884)

________________________

Hartley Family, Starting from Generation 2, 0.10 Barbara Ann Hartley

0.10 Barbara Ann Hartley (Feb. 20, 1950 - Dec. 4, 2014) md. July 28, 1973 Boston, MA  0.11 Richard Warren Seltzer, Jr. (b. Feb. 23, 1946)

siblings =
Mary Jane Hartley (b. 1937) md. John Carew (1936-1990)
Elynor E. Hartley (b. 1939) md. Alan Harrington (c. 1995)
Ann Frances Hartley (1941-2007)
Charles F. Hartley (1943-  ) md. (1) Elaine Ginty md. (2) Mary Picard) md. (3) Raven Seltzer
Robert J. Hartley (1947-1968, Viet Nam)

for their children and grandchildren, see Cousins below

 

children of

0.101 Charles Hartley (1911-1992) md. Mary Wilson 0.100 (1914-2005) Wilson Family

sibling =
Lillian Margaret Hartley ("Wooie") (Aug. 17, 1915 - July 1, 1999) md. Albert Francis Wilson ("Pappy") (July 12, 1911 - Feb. 28, 1991)

children of

0.1011 John M. Hartley (b. 1885  St. John's Newfoundland) md. 0.1010  Ellen (Nell) Elizabeth Davis (1883-1955) Davis Family

son of

0.10111 John M. S. Hartley, Ireland md. 0.10110 Margaret Moore

___________

The Schipper Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.000 Adela Schipper

0.000 Adela Schipper (1912-2011) md. 0.001 Aron G. Goryn (1907-1996) 

Adela's siblings =

Aryeh W. Schipper (1906-1969) md. Rebeca Klein (1913-1994)

Rachel R. Schipper (b. 1907

Jute (Yute) Schipper (b. 1909)

children of

Generation 4

0.0001 Naftale D. Schipper (1878-1942) md. 0.0000 Chana Z. Yaroslawicz (b. 1885) Yaroslawicz Family

Naftale = son of

Generation 5

0.00011 Abraham Schipper

__________

The Perlow Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.010 Beatrice J. Perlow

0.010 Beatrice J. Perlow (1912-2004) md. 0.011 Joseph B. Denenberg of Omaha, NE

siblings of Beatrice =

Isadore E. Perlow (1911-2000)

Leo Rowland Perlow (1919-2003)

they = children of

Generation 4

0.0101 Abraham Perlow/Perleou) (1886-1937) md. 0.0100 Bluma Begun (1885-1974) Begun Family

Abraham = son of

Generation 5

0.01011 Nisan/Nissel Perlow/Perleou (1858-1914) md. 0.01010 Ruchel Polak (1858-1919)

_________


24BA5329

The Estes Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.110 Helen Estes

See Cary-Estes Genealogy and Cary-Estes-Moore Genealogy.

0.110 Helen Estes (b. Jan. 31, 1920 Philadelphia, PA d. Dec. 28, 2010, West Roxbury, MA) md. June 5, 1944 at Redeemer Lutheran Church, Philadelphia, PA, 0.111 Richard Warren Seltzer, Sr. (June 5, 1923 Washington, DC - June 14. 2014. West Roxbury, MA)

Helen was the  compiler and author of
CARY-ESTES-MOORE GENEALOGY; graduate of Pierce Jr. College, Philadelphia; attended Temple Univ., Philadelphia, Univ. of Md,. and Plymouth State College, Plymouth, N.H.; B.A. (English) Goddard College, Plainfield, Vt.; former English teacher, cert. in Vt. and Penna.; member of National Society Colonial Dames of America, Philadelphia Chapter. Daughters of the American Revolution, American Association of University Women, League of Women Voters; on Board of Directors of Alumnae Association Philadelphia High School for Girls.

her siblings =
John Griffith Estes (Jack) (Sept. 27, 1908- Nov. 30, 1961 ) served in Army in WW II, worked as night watchman, died of cancer of lungs and bone, buried West Laurel Hill Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, PA


Lewis Stanley Estes (March 31, 1911- Aug. 9, 1978, Philadelphia) foreman at mill md. Jean Brulinski (b. June 18, 1922)

Lillian Margaret Estes (Lily) (b. Dec. 12, 1909) md. 1929 William Norris Moyer, Jr.

Virginia Griffith Estes (b. Jan. 13, 1914-2000) md. June 12, 1937 Edward Robert Jacoby, Jr. (b. June 27, 1914 d. Jan. 1, 1974) (son of Edward Robert and Catherine Melissa Wallace Jacoby)

Agnes Griffith Estes (b. August 20, 1915 in Philadelphia) md. Sept. 3, 1938 George John Meyers, Jr. (b. May 23, 1916 in Philadelphia) printer (son of George Jan and Susan McGettigan Meyers)

Mildred Elizabeth Estes (b. July 20, 1922 in Philadelphia) md. (1) March 3, 1943 in Philadelphia James Glisson Brinton (1920-1944, killed in action at Cassino, Italy), md. (2) 1947 Walter Taney Rowland (b. Dec. 30, 1917, in Prospect Park, PA d. Sept. 16, 1969 in Somers Point, NJ) yacht builder and ship supply salesman (son of Albert Theodore Betson and Harriet Ogden Willington Rowland)

Smyth William, stillborn June 16, 1925

Generation 4


0.1101 Smyth William Estes (June 17, 1881 Brownsville, Haywood, TN - Dec. 20, 1943 Brownsville, Haywood TN) md. Nov. 29, 1906, Philadelphia, PA 0.1100 Mae Griffith (May 27, 1883 Philadelphia, PA - May 27, 1930 Philadelphia, PA)
Giffith Family

Smyth William Estes died of chronic endocarditis, contributed by hypertension and chronic inst. nephitis, per death certificate.

his siblings =
Mary Moore  Estes (1876-  )
Mildred C. Estes (1879-1938)
Belle Estes (1883-1938)
Laurence B. Estes (1885-1962
Sallie Estes (1888-1981)
Warner W. Estes (1890-  )

children of

Generation 5


0.11011 Louis (Lewis) Powhatan Estes (Nov. 22, 1849 - Sept. 6, 1902) md. Oct. 30, 1875 0.11010 Eliza "Lilly" Yates Moore (1853-1929)
Moore Family

Physician and also large land owner.

his siblings =
with Elizabeth Alston Pickett -
Sarah Elizabeth Estes (March 13, 1835 - March 26, 1925)
Pocahontas Estes (Feb. 2, 1837 - 1906)
Albert Monroe Estes Jr. (April 21, 1838 - Oct. 14, 1877)
Anne Lynne Estes (Nov. 12, 1839 - Feb. 13, 1926)
Thomas Hale Estes (Nov. 10, 1843 - 1902)
with Marcia Burton (Owen) Holman -
William Lawrence Estes (Nov. 28, 1855 - Nov. 1903), Bethel College, KY 1872; Medical Dept. U. of VA 1877; Univ. College of NY 1878; Surgeon in Chief, St. Luke's Hospital, Bethlehem, PA from 1881, Lecturer on Physiology and Hygiene, Lehigh U.; author of medical books)
with Mildred Colman -

children of

Generation 6


0.110111 Albert Monroe Estes (Nov. 19, 1804 - Dec. 22, 1863) md. (1) Nov. 22, 1832 in Haywood County, TN Elizabeth Alston Pickett (Dec. 16, 1811 - Nov. 16, 1843) md. Nov. 17, 1848 (2) 0.110110 Mildred Colman (1823 - Nov. 30, 1849) md. (3) Dec. 20. 1854 Margaret Owen Burton daugher of Dr. William Owen of Henrico Couonty, VA.

Enlisted in Confederate Army May 23, 1862. Seventh (Duckworth's) Cavalry Regiment, rank at enlistment = private. Final rank = captain. He owned about 150 slaves at the start of the Civil War.

his siblings =
Moreau Pinckney Estes (Nov. 14, 1806 - Oct. 17, 1871)
Henry Carey Estes (Jan. 9, 1808 - winter of 1835)
Virginia Thorp Estes (May 11, 1811 - 1860)
Eliza Jane Estes (Nov. 15, 1815 -  )
Cornelia Sarah Rebecca Estes (Feb.14, 1818 -  )
Judith Bell Estes (March 10, 1821 - June 28, 1903)
Sarah Ann Estes (Nov. 24, 1823 - June 30, 1848)

children of

Generation 7


0.1101111 Joel Estes
(Jan. 22, 1780 - Aug. 16, 1833) md. Oct. 13, 1801 0.1101110 Sarah Langhorne Bates Bates Family

captain in War of 1812, commanded a company of volunteers, riflemen from the 43 Regiment VA Militiaand then attached to the 4th Regiment. Began service Sept. 16, 1813. Muster Roll dated Norfolk, VA Oct. 15, 1813 (= date of expiration of service)

his siblings =
Triplet Thorpe Estes (1778-1852)
John H. T. Estes (1816, first lieutenant of light artillery July 1, 1808, captain September 1809, resigned April 1, 1812
Benjamin Estes. (  -1868), captain
Thomas Estes (d. in St. Louis, MO)
William Estes (lived in Petesburg, VA, d. in Mississippi)
Edward Estes (d. in Campbel Co., VA)
Elisha W. Estes ( d. in KY)
Thorp Estes (d. in TN)
Nancy Estes (b. in VA, d. in KY)
Elizabeth Estes (b. in VA, d. in Kanawaha Co., WV)
Lucy Estes (b. in VA, d. in Shelbyville, KY)
Cecilia Estes (b. in VA, d. in MO)
Sarah Ann Estes (b. in VA, d. in MO)
Martha Estes (b. in VA, d. in Bedford Co. VA)

children of

Generation 8

0.11011111 Benjamin Estes (1753 probably in Spotsylvania County, VA - July 22, 1816) md. 1777 0.11011110 Cecelia Rebecca Thorp (Thorpe) (1750 - 1816)

son of

Generation 9

0.110111111 Abraham Estes, Jr. (1697-1759) md. 0.110111110 Elizabeth Jeeter

 

son of


Generation 10

 

0.1101111111 Abraham Estes, Sr. (1647-1720), emigrated from Ringwould, Kent England to St. Stephens, King Queen County, Virginia  md. 0.1101111110 Barbara Brock


son of

 

Generation 11


0.11011111111 Sylvester Estes (1596-1667) md. 0.11011111110 Ellen Martin


son of

 

Generation 12


0.110111111111 Robert Estes (1555-1616) Ringwould, Kent, England md. 0.110111111110 Anne Woodward


son of

Generation 13


0.1101111111111 Sylvester Estes (1522-1579) born Deal, Kent, England died Ringwould, Kent, England md. 0.1101111111110 Jone Estes

 

son of


Generation 14

0.11011111111111 Nicholas Estes (1495-1533) md. 0.11011111111110 Anny ___


son of

 

Generation 15


0.110111111111111 Robert Estes (1475-1506)


son of

 

Generation 16
 

0.1101111111111111 Francesco or Francisco Estes AKA Francesco or  Francisco Esteuse, born in Italy and died in England (1440 - ?)


son of

 

Generation 17


0.11011111111111111 Leonello d'Este, Marquess of Ferrara etc. (1407-1450)


Leonello d'Este was the illegitimate son of Niccolo III, d'Este, Marquis of Ferrara. See Wikipedia articles on Leonello and on Niccolo. Francisco Esteuse, AKA Francisco Estes was his son. Some sources give Robert Estes as his son, but the dates don't work.  It seems highly likely that Robert was the son of Francisco (AKA Francesco)and grandson of Leonello.  That would confirm family tradition, as recounted in the Cary-Estes Genealogy (by May Folk Webb and Patrick Mann Estes, published in 1939 and reprinted in 1979).  Facing page 92 is a portrait of Francesco Esteuse with the caption "'Franceso, natural son of Marquis Leonnello, went to Burgundy and afterward to England.' These were the words written on the back of the picutre of Francesco found in a colleciton of paintings near Ferrara, among the pictures of Esteuse."

According to the Wikipedia article on the House of Este http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Este

"The lordship of Ferrara was made hereditary by Obizzo II (d. 1293) who was proclaimed Lord of Ferrara in 1264, Lord of Modena 1288 and Lord of Reggio 1289. Ferrara being a papal fief, the Este family were given the position of hereditary papal vicars in 1332.

 

"Ferrara became a significant center of culture under Niccolò d'Este III (1384–1441), who received several popes with great magnificence, especially Eugene IV, who held a Council here in 1438,later known as the Council of Florence.

 

"His successors were Leonello (1407–1450) and Borso (1413–1471), who was elevated to Duke of Modena and Reggio by Emperor Frederick III in 1452 and in return received these duchies as imperial fiefs. In 1471 he received the duchy of Ferrara as papal fief from Pope Paul II, for which occasion splendid frescoes were executed at Palazzo Schifanoia."

 

[NB -- Leonello was your ancestor, as was Niccolo III. Both Leonello and his brother Borso were illegitimate sons (the mother of both was Stella de' Tolome. Leonello, as the eldest, became Marquess of Ferrara on his father's death. On the death of Leonello, for reasons unknown, his brother Borso, instead of his son Francesco became Marquess. Francesco fled to northern Europe, eventually settling in England. Considering the culture of violence in that time and place, he probably fled for his life. Here are more details from Wikipedia about the collateral relatives -- Borso and his son Alfonso:

"Under Ercole (1431–1505), [brother of Leonello] one of the most significant patrons of the arts in late 15th and early 16th century Italy, Ferrara grew into a cultural center, renowned especially for music; Josquin Des Prez worked for Duke Ercole, Jacob Obrecht came to Ferrara twice, and Antoine Brumel served as principal musician from 1505. Ercole's daughter Beatrice (1475–1497) married Ludovico Sforza, Duke of Milan, while his daughter Isabella (1474–1539) married Francesco Gonzaga, Marquess of Mantua.

 

"Ercole I's successor was his son Alfonso I (1476–1534), third husband of the notorious Lucrezia Borgia and the patron of Aiosto."  [In other words, a nephew of Mom's ancestor married Lucrezia Borgia.]


son of

 

Generation 18


0.110111111111111111 Nicollo III d'Este, Marquess of Ferrara etc. (1383-1441)


son of

 

Generation 19

0.1101111111111111111 Alberto I d'Este, Marquess of Ferrara (1347-1393)


son of

 

Generation 20


0.11011111111111111111 Obizzo III d'Este,  Marquess of Ferrara (1294-1352)


son of

 

Generation 21


0.110111111111111111111 Aldobrandino II, Marquess of Ferrara (d. 1326)


son of

 

Generation 22


0.1101111111111111111111 Obizzo II d'Este, Marquess of Ferrara (1247-1293)


son of

 

Generation 23


0.11011111111111111111111 Rinaldo I d'Este


son of

 

Generation 24


0.110111111111111111111111 Azzo VII d'Este


son of

 

Generation 25


0.1101111111111111111111111 Azzo VI d'Este, Marquess of Este (1170-1212)


son of

 

Generation 26


0.11011111111111111111111111 Azzo V d'Este (d. 1190)


son of

 

Generation 27


0.110111111111111111111111111 Fulco I (d. 1128)


son of

 

Generation 28


0.1101111111111111111111111111 Albert Azzo II of Este (c. 997 - c. 1097), Margrave of Milan and Liguria, Count of Gavello and Padua, Rovigo, Unigiana, Monselice, and Montagnana; founder of the House of Este (named for a town in Padua), around 1073 he made a castle at Este his residence from which the House of Este takes its name md. around 1035 Chuniza of Altdorf, daughter of Welf II Count of Altdof


Alberto Azzo II, Margrave of Milan (996-1097) built a castle at Este, near Padua and named himself after it

for details see http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/MODENA,%20FERRARA.htm#AlbertoAzzoIdied1029B

[Cary-Estes p. 84 Alberto Azzo Von Este, Marquis of Este d. 1098 md. (1) 1040 to Cunissa (or Cunagonda), dau. of Guelph III, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 1020; son of Guelph II, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 980; son of Rudolph I, Duke of Lower Bavaria; son of Henry II; son of Henry I; son of Guelph the First, Duke of Lower Bavaria, 820]

[through a different line [Fleming to Capet, to Brabant, to Hohenstaufen, to Welf or Guelf] you are also descended from Alberto Azzo II by way of another of  sons -- Welf I, Duke of Bavaria]

 

son of

Generation 29

0.11011111111111111111111111111 Alberto Azzo I, Margrave of Milan (d. 1029


son of

 

Generation 30

0.110111111111111111111111111111 Oberto II, Margrave of Milan  (d. after 1014) md. 0.110111111111111111111111111110 Railend


son of

 

Generation 31


0.1101111111111111111111111111111 Oberto I, Margrave of Milan (d. 975) (d. Oct. 15, 975), founder of the Obertenghi family, Count of Milan from 951


son of


Generation 32


0.11011111111111111111111111111111 Adalbert, Margrave of Milan  (KA Obertenghi or Adalbertnii)  (b. c. 970, d. before 1018 or in 1029) Frankish nobility who settled in Lombardy


The Wilson Family, Starting from Generation 3, 0.100 Mary Wilson

0.100  Mary Wilson (1914-2005) md 0.101 Charles Hartley (1911-1992)

siblings =
Albert Francis Wilson (1911-1991) md. Lillian ("Wooie") Hartley 1915-1999)
Edward J. Wilson (1917 -  )

Generation 4


0.1001 Albert Andrew Anthony Wilson (1883 Manchester, England -1925 Boston, MA) md. April 23, 1905 0.1000 Mary Jane Gillespie (1881-1935) Gillespie Family

Generation 5

0.10011 George Rutledge Wilson (1837 Essex, England -  1895, Mount Benedict Cemetery, West Roxbury, MA) md. 0.10011 Margaret O'Brien (1848 London -1910, Mount Benedict Cemetery, West Roxbury)


The Yaroslawicz Family, Starting with Generation 4, 0.0000 Chana Z. Yaroslawicz

0.0000  Chana Z. Yaroslawicz (b. 1885) md. 0.0001 Naftale D. Schipper (1878-1942)

 

Chana = daughter of

 

Generation 5

 

0.00001 Berl S. D. Yaroslawicz md. 0.00009 Beila Taubenfeld

 

Berl = son of

 

Generation 6

 

0.000011 Elimelech Yaroslawicz md. Judith Rosen

_____________

The Begun Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.0100 Bluma Begun

0.0100 Bluma Begun md. 0.0101 Abraham Perlow/Perleou) (1886-1937)

 

Bluma = daughter of

 

Generation 5

 

0.01001 Zvi H. Begun/Blegun (1860-1920) md. 0.01000 Chaya C. C. S. Chernimoritz (1858-1943) daughter of 0.010001 Tzvi H. Chernimoritz (b. 1830) md. 0.010000 Rifka (1830-1915)

 

_______________

The Daly Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1110 Lillian Leona Daly

0.1110 Lillian Leona Daly (Oct. 6, 1890 - April 15, 1973 md. June 19, 1918  0.1111 Warren Ray Seltzer (April 20, 1891 Washington, DC - April 13, 1978, Washington, DC) architect

her siblings =
John Milton (6) Daly died at 94 years old
Mabel May (6) Daly b. 18 January 1888, d. August 1947; md. Wood
Harry Wesley (6) Daly b. 29 September 1883, d. 27 June  1959
William Washington (6) Daly, Jr. (6) b. 7 September 1884, d. 10 July 1938

Edwin Earl (6) Daly b. 1889, d. 1973
Adolph A. (6) Daly b. 29 January 1895, d. 1 March 1973
Margaret Adele (6) Daly b. 20 January 1897, d. 27 May 1995 (98 years); md. Miller
Amy A. (6) Daly b. 6 October 1885, d. 14 April 1888
Edna E. (6) Daly b. 17 November 1886, d. 8 July 1888

children of

Generation 5

0.11101 William Washington Daly, Sr. md. 0.11100 Margaret Matilda Thour.

son of

Generation 6

0.111011 John Michael Daly b. 23 May 1830 in Dublin, Ireland, d. 4 February 1904 in Norfolk, VA; md. (1) 0.111011 Amanda Baker of Philadelphia (granddaughter of Mary Lauderbach) b. 20 October 1835 in Philadelphia, d. 1884; md. (2)  Mary Quinen.

his siblings =
John died young
James b. 21 September 1826 in Dublin
Alice b. 28 October 1828 in Kilbeggan
Jane b. 5 October 1833 in Kilbeggan
Agnes b. 7 June 1835 in Dublin
William b. April 3 (year?) died young
Thomas b. 18 September 1839 in Philadelphia md. Sept. 19, 1860 Carolline M. Wilson, children = Harry, Athalia, Kerfoot; granddaughter Mary Violet Daly MacFarland (1904-2002), her daughter = Mrs. Bruce Wilson
Mary Jane died young
Margaret died young
William Hudson b. 11 July 1842 in Indiana County
Patrick died young
Mary Ellen b. 29 June 1848 in Wilmington, Delaware

children of

Generation 7

0.1110111 Thomas Daly (Feb. 20, 1792 - 1858) at the Gibsonton distillery near Charleroi, PA md. 18 June 1822 in St. Paul's Catholic Church, Arran Quay, Dublin, by Rev. Gormley, 0.1110110 Mary Maher.

his siblings =
Catharine Daly b. 7 March 1791, died young
Thomas Daly b. 20 February 1792,
Jane Daly b. 24 July 1793,
James Daly b. 3 December 1794, died young
Alice Daly b. 16 December 1797, d. September 1811.

children of

Generation 8

0.11101111 John Daly
d. 22 May 1806; md. 0.11101110 Alice Wheeler 25 June 1789.

Generation 9

0.111011111 Patrick (1) Daly
, b. 13 May 1724, Athlone, Ireland


 

The Gillespie Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1000 Mary Jane Gillespie

0.1000 Mary Jane Gillespie (1881-1935) md. April 23, 1905 0.1001 Albert Andrew Anthony Wilson (1883 Manchester, England -1925 Boston, MA)

daughter of

Generation 5

0.10001 Thomas F. Gillespie (b. 1850) md. 0.10000 Mary Jane Kreuger (b. 1850)


 

The Davis Family, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1010 Nell Davis

0.1010  Ellen (Nell) Elizabeth Davis (1883-1955) md. 0.1011 John M. Hartley (b. 1885  St. John's Newfoundland)

daughter of

Generation 5


0.10101 Francis Davis (b. 1840 Linton, Herefordshire d. Oct. 6,1913 Whitbourne, Hereford) md. 0.1010  Mary Donovan

son of

Generation 6

0.101011 James Davis (b. 1804) md. 0.101010 Mary Wilson (b. 1806)


The Griffith Family of North Wales, Starting from Generation 4, 0.1100 Mae Griffith

0.1100 Mae Griffith (May 27, 1883 Philadelphia, PA - May 27, 1930 Philadelphia, PA) md. Nov. 29, 1906, Philadelphia, PA  0.1101 Smyth William Estes (June 17, 1881 Brownsville, Haywood, TN - Dec. 20, 1943 Brownsville, Haywood TN)

siblings =
Elizabeth Rachel Griffith born in Cork, April 27, 1869 (had nervous breakdown in teens, put in insane asylum where she died in the 1950s)
Isabella Agnes Griffith, born in Cork, July 18, 1870, never married, with sister Lillian raised the children of sister Mae Griffith and Smith William Estes after Mae's death
Thomas Owen Griffith, born in Philadelphia April 21, 1873, disappeared (ran away from home)
Lillian Griffith, born in Philadlephia, Nov. 9, 1875, never married, with sister Agnes raised the children of sister Mae Griffith and Smith William Estes after Mae's death
Griffith Owen Griffith, born in Philadlephia, Aug. 28, 1877 (hit by pipe, spent rest of life in insane asylum)
David Griffith, born in Philadelphia Jan. 3, 1879 died of heart trouble md. Florence Van Hart (daughter of mayor of Camden, New Jersey); their children: Lilly May Griffith, died of heart trouble, and Isabella Griffith, fell down stairs as a little girl and after that her eyes were crossed
George Bogan Griffith, born in Philadelphia, Jun 1, 1885, died 1904 of typhoid fever
Stanley Griffith, born in Philadelphia, Aug. 6, 1890, measles caused one eye to be closed, died of alcoholism


half-sibling (daughter of Ann Jane Williams) =
Annie Jane (b. Jan. 28, 1867, d. 1950s)


daughter of

Generation 5

0.11001 Griffith Owen Griffith (b. Sept. 22, 1837 in Pen y Crag, Llengefni, Anglesee, North Wales) md. (1) April 3, 1866 at Bangor Cathedral, North Wales, Ann Jane Williams (b. Sept. 23, 1837 at Bearnmaris d. Feb. 18, 1867) md. (2) 0.11000 Isabella Bogan (1848-1914) Bogan Family

Griffith and Isabella emigrated to Philadelphia where Griffith became manager of a tea company store.

son of

Generation 6

0.110011 Owen Griffith (1795-1888) md. 0.110010 Ann Humphreys (1796-1887) (daughter of 0.1100101 David Humphreys)


The Bogan Family of Cork, Ireland, Starting from Generation 5, 0.11000 Isabella Bogan


0.11000 Isabella Bogan (1848-1914 md. at Wesley Chapel, Patrick St., Cork, Ireland Feb. 18, 1868  0.11001 Griffith Owen Griffith (1837-  ) 

siblings =
James Lillian Bogan md. Elizabeth H.


William Mullins Bogan married Agnes ___

Amos Frederick Bogan died 1905 md. Annie Vearian

children of

Generation 6

0.110001 James Bogan, silk manufacturer md. ____

son of

Generation 7


0.1100011 _____ Bogan md. 0.1100010 ____ Lillie

son of

Generation 8

0.11000111 John Lillie, master gunner, Charles Fort (1780 - Jan. 18, 1856)

source: Ringcurran Church, Kinsale; Blackrock cemetery; St. Lukes; St. Multros, Kinsale (Rev. Gibson), tombstone at Ringcurran reads: "John Lillie, master gunner, Charles [Fort], died Jan. 18, 1856, aged 76 years, erected as a tribute to affection by his grandson James Bogan  Church and cemetery records mention Jane, daughter of John and Julia Lillie (master gunner Charles Fort) born June 12, 1851, Isabella Gordon Lillie, daughter of John and Julia Lillie (master gunner, Charles Fort) born Sept. 16, 1854 and died June 23, 1881, aged 27 (tombstone says died June 20, aged 25, and erected by her sorrowing sister M. de Montmorency)


The Moore Family, Starting from Generation 5, 0.11010 Eliza "Lily" Yates Moore

0.11010 Eliza "Lily" Yates Moore (1853-1929) md. Oct. 30, 1875 0.11011 Louis (Lewis) Powhatan Estes (Nov. 22, 1849 - Sept. 6, 1902)

daughter of

Generation 6

0.110101 Smith William Moore (No.v 1, 1818-Feb.2, 1872) md. 0.110100 Mary Ordelia Yates (Dec.29, 1820-July10, 1906) Yates Family

Generation 7

0.1101011 Shields Moore, immigrated to Maryland from Wales in 1725 md. 0.1101010 Blandana Risdon, They moved to North Carolina.


 

The Yates Family. Starting from Generation 6, 0.110100 Mary Ordelia Yates

0.110100 Mary Ordelia Yates (b. 1820) md. 0.110101 Smith William Moore (1815-1888)

daughter of

Generation 7

0.1101001 Warner Minor Yates (April 27,1795-1861) md. (1) 0.1101000 Mary Mason (by family tradition, the niece of George Mason of VA 1725-1792, author of the Declation of Rights, which was the basis for the Bill of Rights, md. (2) Dec. 30. 1819 Mildred J. Menefee (b. 1803 d. c. 1880)

son of

Generation 8

0.11010011 Charles Lewis Yates (1752-1807) md. 0.11010010 Mary Goodloe (1756-1824)

son of

Generation 9

0.110100111 George Yates IV (1727-1777) md. 0.110100110 Frances Fielding Lewis (1731-1777) Lewis Family


The Hocker Family, Starting from Generation 6, 0.111110 Anna Hocker

0.111110 Anna Hocker (May 10, 1827 - Jan.  10, 1914) md. 0.111111 Henry Uhland Seltzer (June 15 June, 1824 - Nov. 25, 1897)

Anna = daughter of

Generation 7

0.1111101 Martin Hocker (1768-1862) md. (1) Christina Beinhower (1777-1808) md. (2) 0.1111100 Barbara Smith (1787-1878)

Martin = son of

Generation 8

0.11111011 John Adam Hocker, arrived in America in 1749 md. 0.11111010 Christina


The Bates Family, Starting from Generation 7, 0.1101119 Sarah Langhorne Bates

0.1101110 Sarah Langhorne Bates md. Oct. 13, 1801  0.1101111 Joel Estes (Jan. 22, 1780 - Aug. 16, 1833)

daughter of

Generation 8

0.11011101 Daniel Bates (July 6, 1756 - c. 1801) md. May 21, 1776 in Chesterfield County, VA 0.11011100 Elizabeth Cary Bell ( b. about 1758 in Virginia, d. 1825 in Kentucky) daughter of David Bell and Judith Cary Bell Family

son of

Generation 9

  0.110111011 James Bates (March 7, 1721 - Nov. 9, 1786) md. Nov. 11, 1746 in Goochland County, St. James Wortham parish, VA   0.110111010 Winnifred Grymes or Grimes or Hix (b. Jan. 18, 1729 in Goochland)

son of

Generation 10

0.1101110111 John Bates (1685-1723) md. about 1709 0.1101110110 Susannah Tarleton Fleming Fleming Family


The Bell Family from Generation 8, 0.11011100 Elizabeth Cary Bell

0.11011100 Elizabeth Cary Bell ( b. about 1758 in Virginia, d. 1825 in Kentucky) daughter of David Bell and Judith Cary  md. 0.11011101 Daniel Bates (July 6, 1756 - c. 1801) md. May 21, 1776 in Chesterfield County, VA

daughter of

Generation 9


0.110111001 David Bell (c. 1716 - Nov. 8, 1806) of Belmont on he James River in Buckingham Co. VA md. 1744 in Henrico County, VA  0.110111000 Judith Cary (b. Aug. 12, 1726 in Henrico County, VA - April 16, 1798) Cary Family

"David Bell came to America prior to the Indian Wars and was appointed captain in the French and Indian War of 1755." Cary-Estes Genealogy p. 57


The Cary Family from Generation 9, 0.110111000 Judith Cary

0.110111000 Judith Cary (b. Aug. 12, 1726 in Henrico County, VA - April 16, 1798) md. 1744 in Henrico County, VA  0.110111001 David Bell (c. 1716 - Nov. 8, 1806) of Belmont on he James River in Buckingham Co. VA

daughter of  Henry and Anne

Generation 10

0.1101110001 Henry Cary (1675-1749) md. (1) Sarah Sclater (c. 1695 - before 1719) md. (2) 0.1101110000 Anne Edwards (d. c. 1740) daughter of 0.1101110000 1 John Edwards of Surrey md. (3) 1741 Elizabeth Brickenhead

"Educated at William and Mary College, one of its earliest students. He carried on his father's business as a contracting builder and constructed the Brafferton Building 1732 (probably) and (certainly) the President's house and the chapel of William and Mary College, 1729-1732." Cary Estes Genealogy p. 48

"The immigrant's second son, Captain Henry Cary, the builder, inherited and lived upon the plantation in the interior of Warwick, known as 'The Forest.' His enterprising son, of the same name, was one of the pioneers to take up wilderness lands in the upper valley of James River, and, removing his own residence to the head of navigation near the Falls, where the city of Richmond was soon to grow, there built Ampthill House." Cary Estes Genealogy p. 46

son of

Generation 11

0.11011100011 Henry Cary (c. 1650-1720)

Inherited his father's Warwick plantation "The Forest", being the western half of Zachary Cripps' patent, adjoining "Richneck." He was Justice of the Peace and Captain for Warwick. He was contracting builder and constructed, among other public buildings, the court-house of York County, 1694 (York records); the fort on York River, 1697) (Va. Mag. XXIV, 401); the first capitol at Williamsburg, 1701-1703; William and Mary College (reconstruction after the fire of 1705), and the Governor's palace, 1705-1710, in which he lived during construction." Cary Estes Genealogy pp. 42-23

son of

Generation 12

0.110111000111 Miles Cary (1622-1667)

immigrated to Virginia from Bristol, England in 1640 or 1645, settled at Windmill Point, Warwick Co., VA "Miles Cary was the ninth child of John Cary, merchant of Bristol, and fourth child by his second wife Alice Hobson, daughter of Henry Hobson, innholder and sometime mayor of Bristol.... After a busy career in trade and politics, in which he attained property and a seat in the Council, he was 'killed by ye Dutch' during their foray upon Hampton Roads in June 1667." Cary Estes Genealogy p. 28

son of

Generation 13

0.1101110001111 John Cary (1583-1661) draper of Bristol md. (2) c.1617 0.1101110001110 Alice Hobson, daughter of 0.11011100011101 Henry Hobson, "sometime mayor of Bristol"

son of

Generation 14

0.11011100011111 William Cary (1550-1633) draper of Bistol

"As shown by the Bristol Tolzey Book, he was Sheriff of Bristol, 1599, and Mayor, 1611, and thereafter Alderman." Cary-Estes Genealogy p. 17 We are descended from his first wife, name unknown. After she died of old age, when he was over 80, he married his servant and had a son, when his living sons were nearly 60 years old.

son of

Generation 15

0.110111000111111 Richard Cary (c. 1515 - 1570) md. (1) 0.110111000111110 Anne (d. before 1561), draper

son of

Generation 16

0.1101110001111111 William Cary (b. 1500 or 1492 d. March 28, 1572), draper

"He was sheriff of Bristol, 1532, and Mayor, 1546, temp. Henry VIII. He had five children by two wives, but outlived his sons and was buried in the crowde (i.e., crypt) of St. Nicholas Church, March 28, 1572, temp. Elizabeth, leaing a will dated Apr. 2, 1571, and proved June 10, 1572." Cary Estes Genealogy p. 16.


The Fleming Family, Starting from Generation 10, 0.1101110110 Susannah Tarleton Fleming

0.1101110110 Susannah Tarleton Fleming md. about 1709  0.1101110111 John Bates (1685-1723)

daughter of

Generation 11

0.11011101101 Charles Fleming (b. 1667) (of New Kent County, VA) md. 0.11011101100 Susannah Tarleton (d. 1687) daughter of 0.110111011001 Stephen Tarleton

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "Colonel Charles was born on December 10th, 1659 in Of Charles Parish, York Co., Va.  Colonel Charles' father was John FLEMMING and his mother was Mrs. Mercy Or Mary FLEMING.  His paternal grandparents were Captain Alexander FLEMING and Elizabeth (Elspet) ANDERSON. He had four brothers and a sister, named William, Alexander, John, Tarleton and Lydia.  He died at the age of 57 on October 7th, 1717 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent, Va.

"Susanna was born in Of St. Peter's Parish, New Kent, Va.  Susanna's father was Stephen TARLETON and her mother is Susanna. She had a sister named Judith.  She died after October 7th, 1717 in St.peters Parish, New Kent.

"Colonel Charles and Susanna were married in a religious ceremony in New Kent, Virginia.  They had two sons and eight daughters, named Colonel John, Tarleton, Susannah, Elizabeth, Judith, Ursula, Anne, Grace, Anne and Sarah.

son of

Generation 12

0.110111011011 John Fleming (b. 1627 Cumbarnauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. April 27, 1686 in New Kent County, VA, St. Peter's Parish Register)

Cary-Estes Genealogy p. 86 indicates that according to "Fleming Family" by Lyon G. Tyler, William and MaryQuarterly Vol. 12, 1093, pp. 45-47, "I think he was the father of Charles Fleming who md. Susannah ___.  She was probably a daughter of Stephen Tarleton."  John Fleming, 493 acres in New Kent County on south side of Yorke River 2 march 1661 per page 397 Parent Book No. 4.

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "John was born in 1627 in Cumbarnauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  John's father was Captain Alexander FLEMING and his mother was Elizabeth (Elspet) ANDERSON.  His paternal grandparents were John FLEMING and Margaret LIVINGSTON; his maternal grandparents are William ANDERSON and MRS. ANDERSON. He had a brother and two sisters, named John, Elizabeth and Alexia.  He died at the age of 59 on April 27th, 1686 in Charles Parish, York Co., Virginia.  His burial was on April 30th, 1686 in St. Peter's Parish, New Kent, Va.

"Mrs. Mercy or Mary was born about 1637 in Of Charles Parish, York Co., Va.  She died in , New Kent, Va.

"John and Mrs. Mercy or Mary were married in a religious ceremony in , , , England.  They had five sons and a daughter, named Colonel Charles, William, Alexander, John, Tarleton and Lydia."

son of

Generation 13

0.1101110110111 Alexander Fleming (b. 1612 Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. Dec. 30, 1668 Rappahannock Co., VA) md. 0.1101110110110 Elizabeth (AKA Elspet) Anderson (b. 1614, Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. Oct. 6, 1656 Rappahannock Co., VA)

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "Captain Alexander was born about 1612 in Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  Captain Alexander's father was John FLEMING and his mother was Margaret LIVINGSTON.  His paternal grandparents were John 1St Earl Wigton FLEMING and Lillias Lilias GRAHAM; his maternal grandfather was Alexander LIVINGSTON and his maternal grandmother is Eleanor Or Helen HAY. He had two brothers and six sisters, named John, William, Eleanor, Ann, Jean, Lilias, Helen and Margaret.  He died on December 30th, 1668 in , Rappahannock Co., Va.

"Elizabeth (Elspet) was born about 1614 in Of Glasgow, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  Elizabeth (Elspet)'s father is William ANDERSON and her mother is MRS. ANDERSON.  Her paternal grandfather is John ANDERSON.  She was an only child.  She died on October 6th, 1656 in , Rappahannock Co., Va.

"Captain Alexander and Elizabeth (Elspet) were married in a religious ceremony about 1632 in Scotland.  They had two sons and two daughters, named John, John, Elizabeth and Alexia."

son of

Generation 14

0.11011101101111 John Fleming (b. Dec. 9, 1589 Kincardine, Perth, Scotland d. May 7 1650 Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland) md. 0.1101110110110 Margaret Livingston (b. about 1587 Callendar, Stirlingshire, Scotland d. 1634)  Livingston Family

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "John was born on December 9th, 1589 in Kincardine, Perth, Scot. and his baptism took place on December 9th, 1589 in Kincardine, Perthshire, Scotland.  John's father was John 1St Earl Wigton FLEMING and his mother was Lillias Lilias GRAHAM.  His paternal grandparents were John Fleming EARL and Elizabeth ROSS; his maternal grandfather is John GRAHAM and his maternal grandmother was Jean DRUMMOND. He had four brothers and eight sisters, named James, Alexander, FLEMING, Malcolm, Jean, Jean, Anne, Margaret, Sarah, Lillias, Mary and Rachel.  He died at the age of 60 on May 7th, 1650 in Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  His burial was in Scotland.

"Margaret was born about 1587 in Of, Callendar, Stirlingshire, Scotland.  Margaret's father was Alexander LIVINGSTON and her mother is Eleanor Or Helen HAY.  Her paternal grandfather was William LIVINGSTONE and her paternal grandmother is Agnes FLEMING. She had three brothers and a sister, named Alexander, John, James and Anna.  She died in  1634.

"John and Margaret were married in a religious ceremony on February 20th, 1609 in Scotland.  They had three sons and six daughters, named John, Captain Alexander, William, Eleanor, Ann, Jean, Lilias, Helen and Margaret.

John = son of

Generation 15

0.110111011011111 Lord John Fleming (1567-1619) 6th Lord Fleming,  first Earl of Wigton in Scotland from 1606 md. 0.110111011011110 Lilias Graham  Graham Family 

The Cary Estes Geneaology p. 86 quotes "Biggar and the House of Fleming" by William Hunter, F.S.a. Scot. Pages 551-552, 557:

"Lord Fleming married Lady Lilias Graham, a daughter of John, Earl of Montrose.  Her ladyship was distinguished for her piety and devotion and her zealous efforts to promote the principles of the Reformation.  Livingstone, in his 'Characterisitcs' says of her, 'When I was a child I have often seen her at my father's at the preachings and communions.  While dressing she read the Bible, and every day at that time shed more tears (said one) than ever I did in my life.'"

"The Earl died in April 1619 leaving three sons and five daughters and was succeeded by his eldest son John who warmly embraced his mother's ecclesiastical opinions and was as zealous of the cause of Presbyterianism as his forefathers had been in the maintenance of Popery.

"He [the son, the Second Earl of Wigton] married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Livingstone, first Earl of Linlithgow, a lady of amiable disposition and great piety who entered cordially into the religious views and schemes of her husband.  They not only attended the ministrations of the settled Protestant clergy, but for some time maintained a chaplain of their own family." (page 552)

John = son of

Generation 16

0.1101110110111111 John Fleming, 5th Lord Fleming  (b. 1537 Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. Sept. 6, 1572 Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland)   [Overlapping line.  We are also descended from his sister Margaret] md. May 10, 1562  0.1101110110111110 Elizabeth Ross (b. 1541 Halkhead, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. April 14, 1578, Scotland), daughter of Robert Ross md. Agnes Moncrieff

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "John Fleming was born about 1537 in Bigger, L, Scot, Bi.  John Fleming's father was Malcolm FLEMING and his mother was Janet STEWART.  His paternal grandparents were John FLEMING and Euphame DRUMMOND; his maternal grandparents were James IV King Of SCOTLAND and Agnes [sic. Isabel] STEWART. He had three brothers and six sisters, named John, James, William, Margaret, Elizabeth, Johanna Or Joan, Janet, Agnes and Mary.  He died on September 6th, 1572 in Bigger, L, Scot, Bi.  His burial was in Scotland.

"Elizabeth was born about 1541 in Of Halkhead, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  Elizabeth's father was Robert Ross MASTER and her mother is Agnes MONCRIEFF.  Her paternal grandparents are Ninian ROSS and Janet (Elizabeth) (Stuart) STEWART.  She was an only child.  She died on April 14th, 1578 in , Scot, Bi.

John Fleming and Elizabeth were married in a religious ceremony on May 10th, 1562 in Bigger, L, Scot, Bi.  They had a son and six daughters, named John 1St Earl Wigton, Jean, Margaret, Elizabeth, Lucrece, Mary and Jane."

John = son of

Generation 17

0.11011101101111111 Malcolm Fleming Third Lord Fleming  (c. 1494 - Sept. 10, 1547) 3rd Lord Fleming md. 0.11011101101111110 Lady Janet Stewart (1502-1562) illegitimate daughter of 0.11011101101111110 1 King James IV of Scotland. Second Stewart Family

According to Wikipedia: "Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming (c.1494 - 10 September 1547) son and heir of John Fleming, 2nd Lord Fleming, Lord Chamberlain of Scotland 1524. He was taken prisoner by the English at the Battle of Solway Moss, Nov 1542, but released at a ransom of 1000 marks on 1 July 1548. He was granted a dispensation on 26 February 1524/5, and subsequently married Lady Janet Stewart, illegitimate daughter of King James IV of Scotland He died 10 September 1547, in his 53rd year, being slain at the Battle of Pinkie."

According to Wikipedia: "Janet Stewart, Lady Fleming (or Jane, Joan, Jean, or Johanna; c.1505 – c.1563) was an illegitimate daughter of James IV of Scotland who served as governess to her niece, Mary, Queen of Scots, and was briefly a mistress to Henry II of France. Her daughter, Mary Fleming, was one of the Queen's Four Maries."

According to thepeerage.com: "Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming was born circa 1494.2 He married Janet Stewart, daughter of James IV Stewart, King of Scotland and Lady Agnes [sic. Isabel] isabel

Stewart. He died on 10 September 1547 at Pinkie, Scotland."

Malcolm = son of

Generation 18

0.110111011011111111 John Fleming, Second Lord Fleming (b. 1465 Biggar and Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. Nov. 1, 1524) Lord Chamberlain of Scotland in 1524 md. 0.110111011011111110 Eupheme Drummond (b. 1467 Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. May 1502 Perthshire, Scotland), daughter of 0.1101110110111111101 John Drummond (1438-1519) md. 0.1101110110111111100 Elizabeth Lindsay (1445-1519)

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "John was born in 1465 in Of Biggar & Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scot.  John's father was Malcolm FLEMING and his mother is Euphame LIVINGSTONE. He had a brother and two sisters, named David, Elizabeth and Isobel.  He died at the age of 59 on November 1st, 1524. According to Wikipedia, he was assassinated by John Tweedle of Drumselzier while hawking.

Euphame was born about 1467 in , Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  Euphame's father was John DRUMMOND and her mother was Elizabeth LINDSAY. She had a brother and four sisters, named William, Annabel, Elizabeth, Margaret and Beatrix.  She died in May 1502 in , , Perthshire, Scotland.  Her burial was in , Dunblane, Perthshire, Scotland."

John = son of

Generation 19

0.1101110110111111111 Malcolm Fleming, First Lord Fleming (b. 1437 in Biggar, Lanark, Scotland d. 1477) md. 0.1101110110111111110 Euphame Livingstone

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "Malcolm and Euphame were married in a religious ceremony before April 2nd, 1472.  They had two sons and two daughters, named David, John, Elizabeth and Isobel."

Malcolm = son of

Generation 20

0.11011101101111111111 Robert Fleming  1st Lord Fleming (1414 - 1491) md. 1436 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland 0.11011101101111111110 Janet Douglas (1420-1437) Second Douglas Family

According to thePeerage.com: "Robert Fleming, Lord Fleming was the son of Sir Malcolm Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld and Elizabeth Stewart He married, firstly, Lady Janet Douglas, daughter of James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas and Beatrice Sinclair. He married, secondly, Margaret Lindsay, daughter of John Lindsay. He died in 1491.  Robert Fleming, Lord Fleming gained the title of Lord."

Robert = son of

Generation 21

0.110111011011111111111 Sir Malcolm Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld  (1383 - 1440, executed) md. before June 28, 1413, 0.110111011011111111110 Elizabeth Stewart  daughter of 0.1101110110111111111101 Robert Stewart 1st Duke of Albany and 0.1101110110111111111100 Muriel Keith

According to thePeerage.com: " Sir Malcolm Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld married Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany and Muriel Keith, before 28 June 1413.2 He died in 1440, executed.

Malcolm = son of

Generation 22

0.1101110110111111111111 David Fleming (b. 1343 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland, d. Feb. 14, 1406 in Edinburgh, Mid-Lothian, Scotland) md. 0.1101110110111111111110 Isabel Strathechin (1347-1382)
David = son of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111111111111  Malcolm Fleming (b. 1312 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. Sept. 1, 1382 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland) md. 0.11011101101111111111110 Christian Fleming (b. April 1323 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland, d. 1400 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland)

Malcolm = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011111111111111 Patrick Fleming (1286-1306) md. 0.110111011011111111111110 Joan Fraser (1290-1312)

Patrick = son of

Generation 25

0.1101110110111111111111111 Robert Fleming (b. 1252 in Bratton, Scotland d. 1314 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland) md. 0.1101110110111111111111110 Joan Douglas (b. 1258 in Hermiston, Midlothian, Scotland d. 1307)


The Lewis Family, Starting from Generation 9, 0.11010010 Frances Fielding Lewis

0.11010010 Frances Fielding Lewis (1731-1777) md. 0.110100111 George Yates, IV (1727-1777)

Frances = daughter of

Generation 10

0.110100101 Colonel John Lewis, IV md. 0.110100100 Frances Fielding (1702-1731)

his siblings include -
Charles Lewis md. Mary Howell, their son Charles Lewis (1721-1782) md. Mary Randolph, their son Charles Lilburn Lewis md. Lucy Jefferson, sister of Thomas Jefferson)
Colonel Robert Lewis (1704-1765) md. Jane Meriwether (1705-1753, their son William Lewis (1735-1779) md. Lucy Meriwether (1751-1837), their son = Captain Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

children of

Generation 11

0.1101001011 John "Councillor" Lewis II (1669-1725) md. 0.1101001010 Elizabeth Warner (1672-1730) Warner Family


The Neff Family, Starting from Generation 10, 0.111111110 Anna Catherina Neff

0.111111110 Anna Catherina Neff (1666) Michelfeld, Ostalbkreis, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany - 1759 Michelfeld, Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany) md. 1683 Michelfeld, Ostalbkris, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany 0.111111110 Wyerich Seltzer (1661 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Gemany - 1742 Michelfeld, Amberg-Sulzbach, Bayern, Germany)

Anna = daughter of

Generation 11

0.1111111101 Rudolf Neff (1622 Hausen am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1677 Michelfeld, Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany) md. 1648 Affoltern, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, 0.1111111100 Regina Zimmerman (1629-1679)  Zimmerman Family

Rudolf = son of

Generation 12

0.11111111011 Felix Naf (1587 Hausen, Bern, Switzerland - 1649 Affoltern, Am Albis, Zurich, Switzerland) md. 1607 Heish, Se, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland 0.11111111010 Anna Ringger (1591 - 1628) Ringger Family

Felix = son of

Generation 13

0.111111110111 Ulrich Naf (1550 Heisch, Hasen am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1591 Hausen, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland) md. Hausen, Se, Zurich, Switzerland 0.111111110110 Verena Huber

Ulrich = son of

Generation 14

0.1111111101111 Max Naf (1500 Vollenweid, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1571 Heisch, Hausen Am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland)

Marx = son of

Generation 15

0.11111111011111 Hans Naf (1467 - 1531) md. 0.11111111011110 Katherina Huber (1470 - 1504)

Hans = son of

Generation 16

0.111111110111111 Hans Naf (1430 Hausen, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1500 Rengg, Switzerland) md. 1467

Hans = son of

Generation 17

0.1111111101111111 Heinrich Neff (1388 Rengg Langnau, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1448 Rengg, Switzerland) md 1429 Switzerland, 0.1111111101111110 Verena (1388 - 1455)

Heinrich = son of

Generation 18

0.11111111011111111 Hans Neff (1366 langnau, Zurich, Switzerland - 1406 Rengg, Switzerland)


The Zimmerman Family, Starting from Generation 11, 0.1111111100 Regina Zimmerman

0.1111111100 Regina Zimmerman (b. Dec. 13, 1629 Affolturn, Zurich Canton, Switzerland d. Sept. 3, 1679 Duhren, Switzerland) md. 1648 Affoltern, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland,  0.1111111101 Rudolf Neff (1622 Hausen am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1677 Michelfeld, Heidelberg, Baden-Wuerttemberg, Germany)

Regina = daughter of

Generation 12

0.11111111001 Caspar Zimmerman (b. July 9, 1594 Albis, Zurich Canton, Switzerland d. Dec. 2, 1681 Affolturn, Zurich Canton, Switzerland) md. Nov. 20, 1627 0.11111111000 Anna Lussi (b. Nov. 30, 1608 Affolturn, Zurich Canton Switzerland d. April 9, 1644, Affoltern, Am Albis, Zurich Canton, Switzerland) Lusi Family


The Warner Family, Starting from Generation 11, 0.1101001010 Elizabeth Warner

0.1101001010 Elizabeth Warner (1672-1730) md. Warner Family md. 0.1101001011 John "Councillor" Lewis II (1669-1725)

her sister =
Mildred Warner (1671-1701) md. Major Lawrence Washington (1659-1698), their son = Captain Augustine Washington (1694-1743) md. Mary Ball (1708-1789), their son = President George Washington (1732-1799) md. Martha Dandridge Custis (1731-1802)

Generation 12


0.11010010101 Colonel Augustine Warner II (1642-1681) md. 0.11010010100 Mildred Reade (1642-1695)

his sister =
Sarah Warner md. Lawrence Townley, their daughter Alice Townley md. John Grymes, their son = Charles Grymes (1696-1753) md. Frances Jennings (1694-1743), their daughter = Jucy Grymes md. Henry Lee of Leesville, VA, their son Henry Lee ("Liht Horse Harry") (1756-1818) md. Anne Hill Carter, their son = General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870)

children of

Generation 13

0.110100101011 Colonel Augustine Warner (1611-1674) md. 0.110100101010 Mary Townley (1614-1662)



The Lusi Family, Starting from Generation 12, 0.11111111000 Anna Lussi

0.11111111000 Anna Lussi (b. Nov. 30, 1608 Affolturn, Zurich Canton Switzerland d. April 9, 1644, Affoltern, Am Albis, Zurich Canton, Switzerland)  md. Nov. 20, 1627 0.11111111001 Caspar Zimmerman (b. July 9, 1594 Albis, Zurich Canton, Switzerland d. Dec. 2, 1681 Affolturn, Zurich Canton, Switzerland)

Anna = daughter of

Generation 13

0.111111110001 Heini Lusi (b.1580, Affoltern, Zurich Canton, Switzerland) md. Sept. 28, 1606 Affoltern, Zurich Canton, Switzerland, 0.111111110000 Barbeli Vollenweider (b. 1581, Affoltern, Zurich Canton, Switzerland), daughter of 0.1111111100001 Heini Vollenwider (b. 1565, Affoltern, Zurich, Switzerland) md. 1597 Affolturn, Zurich Canton, Switzerland, 0.1111111100000 Anna Schurpin (b. 1565)


The Ringger Family, Starting from Generation 12, 0.1111111100 Anna Ringger

0.1111111100 Anna Ringger (1591 Affoltern, am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1628 Affoltern, am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland) md. 1607 Heish, Se, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland, 0.1111111101 Felix Naf (1587 Hausen, Bern, Switzerland - 1649 Affoltern, Am Albis, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland)

Anna = daughter of

Generation 13

0.11111111001 Oswald Ringger (1565 Hausen Se, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland -1630 Hausen, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland) md. 0.11111111000 Anna Blickenstorfer (b. 1573 Stalikon, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland)

Oswald = son of

Generation 14

0.111111110011 Rudolf Ringger (1520 Maschwanden, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1587 Hausen Am Albis Canton of Zurich, Switzerland) md. 1542 Canton Zurich, Switzerland 0.111111110010 Barbara Egli

Rudolf = son of

Generation 15

0.1111111100111 Jorg Ringger (b. 1480 Maschwanden, Canton of  Zurich, Switzerland)

Jorg = son of

Generation 16

0.11111111001111 Werner Ringger (1456 Schwamendingen, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1480 Hoff, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland)

Werner = son of

Generation 17

0.111111110011111 Hans Ringger (1412 Schwamendingen, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1487 Maschwanden, Canton of Zurich) md. 0.111111110011110 Kathrinen (1426 Switzerland - )

Hans = son of

Generation 18

0.1111111100111111 Heini Ringger (1385 Osd, Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1453)

Heini = son of

Generation 19

0.11111111001111111 Rudolf Ringger (1350 Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1385)

Rudolf = son of

Generation 20

0.111111110011111111 Uli Ringger (1333 Canton of Zurich, Switzerland - 1370)

Uli = son of

Generation 21

0.1111111100111111111 Ringer (b. 1288) md. ? (b. 1292) 


The Livingston Family, Starting from Generation 14, 0.1101110110110 Margaret Livingston

0.1101110110110 Margaret Livingston (b. about 1587 Callendar, Stirlingshire, Scotland d. 1634) md. 0.1101110110111 John Fleming (b. Dec. 9, 1589 Kincardine, Perth, Scotland d. May 7 1650 Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland)

According to "My Ancestors and Relatives": "John was born on December 9th, 1589 in Kincardine, Perth, Scot. and his baptism took place on December 9th, 1589 in Kincardine, Perthshire, Scotland.  John's father was John 1St Earl Wigton FLEMING and his mother was Lillias Lilias GRAHAM.  His paternal grandparents were John Fleming EARL and Elizabeth ROSS; his maternal grandfather is John GRAHAM and his maternal grandmother was Jean DRUMMOND. He had four brothers and eight sisters, named James, Alexander, FLEMING, Malcolm, Jean, Jean, Anne, Margaret, Sarah, Lillias, Mary and Rachel.  He died at the age of 60 on May 7th, 1650 in Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, Scotland.  His burial was in Scotland.

"Margaret was born about 1587 in Of, Callendar, Stirlingshire, Scotland.  Margaret's father was Alexander LIVINGSTON and her mother is Eleanor Or Helen HAY.  Her paternal grandfather was William LIVINGSTONE and her paternal grandmother is Agnes FLEMING. She had three brothers and a sister, named Alexander, John, James and Anna.  She died in  1634.

"John and Margaret were married in a religious ceremony on February 20th, 1609 in Scotland.  They had three sons and six daughters, named John, Captain Alexander, William, Eleanor, Ann, Jean, Lilias, Helen and Margaret.

Margaret = daughter of

Generation 15

0.11011101101101 Alexander Livingston (1561-1621) md. 0.11011101101100 Eleanor Hay (1565-1630)

Alexander = son of

Generation 16

0.110111011011011 William Livingston (1528-1502), 6th Lord Livingston of Callandar  md. 0.1101110110110110 Agnes Fleming  (1535-1597) 

His father was guardian of Mary, queen of Scots during her childhood and his sister Mary Livingston was on of the four attendants of Mary, queen of Scots. He fought for Queen May at the Battle of Langside in 1568.

William = son of

Generation 17

0.1101110110110111 Alexander Livingston (1500-1551), 5th Lord Livingston of Callandar md. 0.1101110110110110  Agnes Douglas First Douglas Family

According to Wikipedia: "Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston of Callandar (c.1500 – 1553) was the guardian of Mary I of Scotland during her childhood. Alexander Livingston succeeded his father to the title of Lord Livingston in about 1518. His first wife was Janet Stewart. After her death, he married Lady Agnes Douglas, daughter of John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton, and by her he had eight children. Lord Livingston became Queen Mary's guardian in about 1543. One of his daughters was Mary Livingston, who became a lady-in-waiting to the queen. When Queen Mary went to France in 1548 following her betrothal to the Dauphin, Livingston accompanied her, and remained there until he died. His lineal descendant was the Rev. John Livingston father of Robert Livingston the Elder of New York."


The Graham Family, Starting with Generation 15, 0.110111011011110  Lilias Graham

0.110111011011110 Lilias Graham (b. 1570 Montrose, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. 1605 Perth, Perthshire, Scotland) md. 1606 0.110111011011111 Lord John Fleming (1567-1619) 6th Lord Fleming,  first Earl of Wigton in Scotland  Fleming Family 

The Cary Estes Geneaology p. 86 quotes "Biggar and the House of Fleming" by William Hunter, F.S.a. Scot. Pages 551-552, 557:

"Lord Fleming married Lady Lilias Graham, a daughter of John, Earl of Montrose.  Her ladyship was distinguished for her piety and devotion and her zealous efforts to promote the principles of the Reformation.  Livingstone, in his 'Characterisitcs' says of her, 'When I was a child I have often seen her at my father's at the preachings and communions.  While dressing she read the Bible, and every day at that time shed more tears (said one) than ever I did in my life.'"

"The Earl died in April 1619 leaving three sons and five daughters and was succeeded by his eldest son John who warmly embraced his mother's ecclesiastical opinions and was as zealous of the cause of Presbyterianism as his forefathers had been in the maintenance of Popery.

"He [the son, the Second Earl of Wigton] married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Livingstone, first Earl of Linlithgow, a lady of amiable disposition and great piety who entered cordially into the religious views and schemes of her husband.  They not only attended the ministrations of the settled Protestant clergy, but for some time maintained a chaplain of their own family." (page 552)

Lilias = daughter of

Generation 16

0.1101110110111101 John Graham, third Earl of Montrose (1548- Nov. 9, 1608), Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews 1599-1604  md. 0.1101110110111100 Joan Drummond 

According to Wikipedia: "John Graham, 3rd Earl of Montrose (1548 – 9 November 1608) was a Scottish peer and Chancellor of the University of St Andrews from 1599 to 1604. He was a natural great-grandson of King James IV of Scotland, his maternal grandmother, Janet Fleming, being a royal bastard."

According to Cary-Estes Genealogy p. 85: Joan "dau. of David Drummond, Second and Lord, and Lilias Ruthven; son of Walter Drummond; son of William Drummond and Isabel Campbell, dau. of Colin Campbell, Earl of Argyle; son of Sir John Drummond and Eliza Lindsey."

John = son of

Generation 19

0.11011101101111011 Robert Graham, Master of Montrose (d. before 1584)  md. 0.11011101101111010  Margaret Fleming (d. after Aug. 15, 1584) Fleming Family   Overlapping lines. We are descended from her brother John as well.

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Robert Graham md. Margaret Fleming, d. 1547

According to thePeerage.com: "Robert Graham, Master of Montrose was the son of William Graham, 2nd Earl of Montrose and Lady Janet Keith. He died on 10 September 1547 at Pinkie, Scotland. Robert Graham, Master of Montrose was styled as Master of Montrose."

Robert = son of

Generation 20

0.110111011011110111 William Graham, second Earl of Montrose (1492-1571) md. Dec. 1515 0.110111011011110110 Lady Janet Keith  Keith Family

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Jane Keith md. William Graham, Second Earl of Montrose]

According to thepeerage.com: "William Graham, 2nd Earl of Montrose was the son of William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose and Annabella Drummond. He married Lady Janet Keith, daughter of William Keith, 2nd Earl Marischal and Lady Elizabeth Gordon, in December 1515.  William Graham, 2nd Earl of Montrose gained the title of 2nd Earl of Montrose."

William = son of

Generation 21

0.1101110110111101111 William Graham, first Earl of Montrose md. Nov. 25, 1479 0.1101110110111101110 Annabella Drummond, daughter of 0.11011101101111011101 John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond md. 0.11011101101111011100 Lady Elizabeth Lindsay Drummund Family  [Overlapping line. we're also descended from her brother William Drummond, Master of Drummond]

According to thePeerage.com: "William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose was the son of William Graham, 2nd Lord Graham and Lady Anne Douglas. He married Annabella Drummond, daughter of John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond and Lady Elizabeth Lindsay, on 25 November 1479. William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose gained the title of 1st Earl of Montrose."

William = son of

Generation 22

0.11011101101111011111  William Graham, 2nd Lord Graham (d. 1472) md. before 1460 0.11011101101111011110  Elene Douglas, daugther of 0.110111011011110111101 William Douglas 2nd Earl of Angus md. 0.11011101101111011110 0 Margaret Hay 

According to thePeerage.com: "William Graham, 2nd Lord Graham was the son of Patrick Graham, 1st Lord Graham and Christian Erskine. He married Elene Douglas, daughter of William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus and Margaret Hay, before 1460.1 He died in 1472."

William = son of

Generation 23

0.110111011011110111111 Patrick Graham, 1st Lord Graham and Archibishop of St. Andrews (d. 1466 or 1478) md.0.110111011011110111110 Christian Erskine, daughter of 0.1101110110111101111101 Sir Robert Erskine of that Ilk, 1st Lord Erskine  and 0.1101110110111101111100 Christian Stewart 

According to thePeerage.com: "Patrick Graham, 1st Lord Graham was the son of Alexander Graham.1 He died in 1478.1 He was also reported to have died in 1466. Patrick Graham, 1st Lord Graham gained the title of 1st Lord Graham. He held the office of Archbishop of St. Andrews."

Patrick = son of

Generation 24

0.1101110110111101111111 Alexander Graham (d. after Aug. 10, 1423), lived at Kincardine, Aberdeensnire, Scotland md. 0.1101110110111101111110 Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of 0.11011101101111011111101 King Robert III of Scotland md. 0.11011101101111011111100 Annabella Drummond (1350-1401 Overlapping line. We are also descended from Annabel's brother King James I of Scotland who married Joan Beaufort. First Stewart Family

Alexander = son of

Generation 25

0.11011101101111011111111 Sir William Graham (d. 1424) md (1) .0.11011101101111011111110 Gille Stewart, daughter of .0.110111011011110111111101 Sir John Stewart, son of 0.1101110110111101111111011 Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland [Overlaps his line]  md. (2)  Isabella Graham, daughter of  Sir John Graham (b. before 1285)

According to thePeerage.com: "Sir William Graham married, firstly, Gille Stewart, daughter of Sir John Stewart. He married, secondly, Lady Mary Stewart, daughter of Robert III Stewart, King of Scotland and Annabel Drummond, on 13 November 1413.2 He died in 1424.  Sir William Graham lived at Kincardine, Aberdeenshire, Scotland. He was invested as a Knight."


Second Stewart Family, Starting from Generation 17, 0.11011101101111110 Lady Janet Stewart

0.11011101101111110 Lady Janet Stewart (1502-1562) md. 0.11011101101111111 Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming (c. 1494 - Sept. 10, 1547) Fleming Family

According to Wikipedia: "Janet Stewart, Lady Fleming (17 July 1502 – 20 February 1562), called la Belle Écossaise (French for "the Beautiful Scotswoman"), was an illegitimate daughter of King James IV of Scotland who served as governess to her half-niece Mary, Queen of Scots. Janet was briefly a mistress of King Henry II of France, by whom she had a legitimated son: Henri d'Angoulême. Her daughter, Mary Fleming, was one of the young queen's "Four Marys".

According to Wikipedia: "Malcolm Fleming, 3rd Lord Fleming (c.1494 - 10 September 1547) son and heir of John Fleming, 2nd Lord Fleming, Lord Chamberlain of Scotland 1524. He was taken prisoner by the English at the Battle of Solway Moss, Nov 1542, but released at a ransom of 1000 marks on 1 July 1548. He was granted a dispensation on 26 February 1524/5, and subsequently married Lady Janet Stewart, illegitimate daughter of King James IV of Scotland He died 10 September 1547, in his 53rd year, being slain at the Battle of Pinkie."

Janet = daughter of

Generation 18

0.110111011011111101 King James IV of Scotland (1473-1513) reigned 1488-1513 mated with 0.110111011011111100 Lady Isabel Stewart, daughter of 0.1101110110111111001 James Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan

According to Wikipedia: "James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended with the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden Field, where he became the last British monarch to be killed in battle. James IV was the son of James III and Margaret of Denmark, probably born in Stirling Castle."

James = son of

Generation 19

0.1101110110111111011 King James III of Scotland  (c. 1451/1452-1488) reigned 1460-1488 md. 1469 0.1101110110111111010 Margaret of Denmark (1456-1486), daughter of 0.11011101101111110101 King Christian I of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Oldenburg Family

According to Wikipedia: "James III of Scotland (c. 1451/1452 – 11 June 1488), the son of James II and Mary of Guelders, was Duke of Rothesay from birth, then King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family."

James = son of

Generation 20

0.11011101101111110111 King James II of Scotland (1430-1460) reigned 1437-1460 md. 0.11011101101111110110 Mary of Guelders

[Overlaps another line. We are also descended from his sister Annabella Stewart]

According to Wikipedia: "James II of Scotland (October 16, 1430, at Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh – August 3, 1460) reigned as king of Scots from 1437 to 1460. James II, the son of James I of Scotland and of Joan Beaufort (daughter of John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and of Margaret Holland), had an elder twin, Alexander Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, who lived long enough to receive a knighthood, but died in infancy. James II became the father of James III. He gained the nickname "Fiery face" because of a conspicuous vermilion birthmark on his face. James had six sisters, who married into various European royal dynasties. James II was killed when the chamber of a bombard exploded at the siege of Roxburgh Castle in 1460."

James = son of

Generation 21

0.110111011011111101111  King James I of Scotland (1394-1437) reigned 1424-1437 md. 0.11011101101111110110 Joan Beaufort (1404-1445)  Beaufort Family

According to Wikipedia: "James I (December 10, 1394 – February 21, 1437) was nominal King of Scots from April 4, 1406, and reigning King of Scots from May 1424 until February 21, 1437. Born on December 10, 1394, the son of Robert III and Annabella Drummond, he had an eventful childhood. In 1402 his elder brother, David, starved to death in prison at Falkland in Fife."

James = son of

Generation 22

0.1101110110111111011111 King Robert III of Scotland (1340-1406), reigned 1390-1406 md.1367 0.1101110110111111011110 Annabella Drummond (1350-1401) Drummond Family

According to Wikipedia: "Robert III (c. 1340 – April 4, 1406), King of Scots (reigned 1390 - 1406), the eldest son of King Robert II by his mistress, Elizabeth Mure, became legitimised with the formal marriage of his parents about 1349. (They had previously married in 1336, but some had criticised that ceremony as uncanonical.) In 1367, Robert III married Anabella Drummond, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall and Mary Montifex."

Robert = son of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111110111111 King Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390), reigned 1371-1390 mated with  0.11011101101111110111110 Elizabeth Mure (later legitimized with formal marrage 1349)

According to Wikipedia: "Robert II (March 2, 1316 – April 19, 1390), was King of Scots from 1371 until his death. He was also the High Steward of Scotland and the first king from the House of Stewart (later spelled "Stuart"). Robert was the sole son of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) and Marjorie Bruce, daughter of King Robert I of Scotland and his first wife Isabella of Mar. He was delivered by caesarean section, reputedly at Paisley Abbey. His mother, who had been thrown from a horse, survived his birth by some hours at most."

Robert = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011111101111111 Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) md. 0.110111011011111101111110 Marjorie Bruce  (1296-1316), daughter of King Robert I of Scotland Bruce Family

Walter = son of

Generation 25

0.1101110110111111011111111 James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland one of the six Regents of Scotland (1243-1309) md. 0.1101110110111111011111110 Cecilia, daughter of Patrick Dunbar  [Her line]

James = son of

Generation 26

0.11011101101111110111111111 Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland (1214-1283) md. 0.11011101101111110111111110  Jean, daughter of 0.110111011011111101111111101 Angus or James Macrory, Lord of Bute.

Alexander is said to have accompanied King Louis of France on the Crusade in 1248.

Alexander = son of

Generation 27

0.110111011011111101111111111 Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland (d. 1246) md. 0.110111011011111101111111110 Bethoc, daughter of Gille Crist, Earl of Angus
First to use the Stewart surname

Walter = son of

Generation 28

0.1101110110111111011111111111 Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland accompanied Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade, patron of the Knights Templar md. 0.1101110110111111011111111110 Alesta, daughter of 0.11011101101111110111111111101 Morggan Earl of Mar

Alan = son of

Generation 29

0.11011101101111110111111111111 Walter Fitzalan, 1st High Steward of Scotland held that post c. 1150-1177 (d. 1177) Norman by culture and by blood a Breton md. Eschyna de Londoniis of Molla and Huntlaw

Walter = son of

Generation 30

0.110111011011111101111111111111 Alan fitz Flaad, Breton knight and lord of Oswestry (d. after 1114)  md. 0.1101110110111111011111111111110 Ada or Adeline, daughter of  0.11011101101111110111111111111101 Emoulf of Hesdin, who was killed on crusade at Antioch

Alan = son of

Generation 31

0.1101110110111111011111111111111 Flaad

Flaad = son of

Generation 32

0.11011101101111110111111111111111 Alain, a crusader in 1097, Dpaifer to the Archbishop of Dol, near Mont Saint-Michel


Second Drummond Family, Starting with Generation 16, 0.1101110110111100 Joan Drummond

0.1101110110111100
Joan Drummond  md.0.1101110110111101 John Graham, third Earl of Montrose (1548- Nov. 9, 1608), Chancellor of the University of St. Andrews 1599-1604  Graham Family

According to Wikipedia: "John Graham, 3rd Earl of Montrose (1548 – 9 November 1608) was a Scottish peer and Chancellor of the University of St Andrews from 1599 to 1604.
He was a natural great-grandson of King James IV of Scotland, his maternal grandmother, Janet Fleming, being a royal bastard."

According to Cary-Estes Genealogy p. 85: Joan "dau. of David Drummond, Second and Lord, and Lilias Ruthven; son of Walter Drummond; son of William Drummond and Isabel Campbell, dau. of Colin Campbell, Earl of Argyle; son of Sir John Drummond and Eliza Lindsey."

Joan = daughter of

Generation 17

0.11011101101111001 David Drummond, Second Lord Drummond in 1519 md. before Dec. 7, 1543 0.11011101101111000 Lilias Ruthven 

According to thepeerage.com:  " David Drummond, 2nd Lord Drummond was born between 1515 and 1517.1 He was the son of Walter Drummond, Master of Drummond and Lady Elizabeth Graham. He married, firstly, Margaret Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, in 1535.2 He married, secondly, Lilias Ruthven, daughter of William Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven and Janet Halyburton, Lady Dirletoun, before 7 December 1543.2 He died in 1571.   David Drummond, 2nd Lord Drummond succeeded to the title of 2nd Lord Drummond [S., 1488] in 1519."

According to thepeerage.com: "Lilias Ruthven is the daughter of William Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven and Janet Halyburton, Lady Dirletoun. She married David Drummond, 2nd Lord Drummond, son of Walter Drummond, Master of Drummond and Lady Elizabeth Graham, before 7 December 1543."

David = son of

Generation 18

0.110111011011110011 Walter Drummond, Master of Drummond (d. 1518) md. Feb. 1513/1514 0.110111011011110010 Lady Elizabeth Graham, daughter of 0.1101110110111100101 William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose md. 0.1101110110111100100 Janet Edmonstone (b. before 1483), daughter of  0.11011101101111001001 Sir Archibald Edmonstone [Overlapping line]

According to thepeerage.com: "Walter Drummond, Master of Drummond was the son of William Drummond, Master of Drummond and Lady Isabel Campbell. He married Lady Elizabeth Graham, daughter of William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose and Janet Edmonstone, in February 1513/14.1 He died in 1518. Walter Drummond, Master of Drummond was styled as Master of Drummond between 1490 and 1518."

Walter = son of

Generation 19

0.1101110110111100111 William Drummond, Master of Drummond (d. 1490)  [Overlapping line, we're also descended from his sister Annabella Drummond, who married William Graham] md. 0.1101110110111100110 Isabel Campbell, daugher of 0.11011101101111001101 Colin Campbell, Earl of Argyle

According to thepeerage.com: "William Drummond, Master of Drummond was the son of John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond and Lady Elizabeth Lindsay. He married Lady Isabel Campbell, daughter of Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll and Isabel Stewart.1 He died in 1490."

According to thepeerage.com: "Lady Isabel Campbell was the daughter of Colin Campbell, 1st Earl of Argyll and Isabel Stewart. She married William Drummond, Master of Drummond, son of John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond and Lady Elizabeth Lindsay. Her married name became Lady Drummond.1

William = son of

Generation 20

0.11011101101111001111 John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond (b. about 1438, d. about 1519) md. 1462 0.11011101101111001110 Lady Elizabeth Lindsay, daughter of 0.110111011011110011101 Sir Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford md. 0.110111011011110011100 Margaret Dunbar

According to thepeerage.com: " John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond was born circa 1438. He is the son of Sir Malcolm Drummond and Mariot Murray. He married Lady Elizabeth Lindsay, daughter of Sir Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford and Margaret Dunbar, in 1462.2,3 He died circa 1519.  John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond was created 1st Lord Drummond [Scotland] on 29 January 1487/88."

According to thepeerage.com: "Lady Elizabeth Lindsay was the daughter of Sir Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford and Margaret Dunbar.1 She married John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond, son of Sir Malcolm Drummond and Mariot Murray, in 1462. She died after 22 November 1509.  From 1462, her married name became Drummond."

John = son of

Generation 21

0.110111011011110011111 Sir Malcolm Drummond (d. 1470) md. 1445 0.110111011011110011110 Mariot Murray  

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir Malcolm Drummond was the son of Sir Walter Drummond and Margaret Ruthven. He married Mariot Murray, daughter of Sir David Murray of Tullibardine and Margaret Colquhoun, in 1445.1 He died in 1470."

According to thepeerage.com: "Mariot Murray is the daughter of Sir David Murray of Tullibardine and Margaret Colquhoun.1 She married Sir Malcolm Drummond, son of Sir Walter Drummond and Margaret Ruthven, in 1445.  Her married name became Drummond."

Malcolm = son of

Generation 22

0.1101110110111100111111 Sir Walter Drummond md. 0.1101110110111100111110 Margaret Ruthven, daughter of 0.11011101101111001111101 Sir William Ruthven, who lived at Ruthven, Scotland.

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir Walter Drummond was the son of Sir John Drummond."

Walter = son of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111001111111 Sir John Dummond

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir John Drummond was the son of Sir John Drummond, 12th of Lennox and Elizabeth Sinclair.  Sir John Drummond lived at Stobhall. He held the office of Justiciar [Scotland]."

John = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011110011111111 Sir John Drummond, 12th of Lenox (1356-1428) md. 0.110111011011110011111110 Elizabeth Sinclair  (b. 1363) daughter of 0.1101110110111100111111101 Henry Sinclar, 1st Earl of Orkney md. 0.11011101101111001111111010 Jane Holyburton 
[Overlapping line.  We're also descended from his sister Annabella Drummond who married King Robert III of Scotland]

According to thepeerage.com: " Sir John Drummond, 12th of Lennox was born in 1356 at Drymen, Stirlingshire, Scotland.1 He was the son of Sir John Drummond, 11th of Lennox and Mary Montifex.1 He married Elizabeth Sinclair, daughter of Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney and Jane Halyburton.1 He died in 1428."

According to thepeerage.com: "Elizabeth Sinclair was born in 1363. She was the daughter of Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney and Jane Halyburton.1,2 She married Sir John Drummond, 12th of Lennox, son of Sir John Drummond, 11th of Lennox and Mary Montifex.  Her married name became Drummond."

John = son of

Generation 25

0.1101110110111100111111111 Sir John Drummond 11th of Lennox (1318-1373) md. 0.110111011011110011111111 Mary Montifex (b. 1325)

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir John Drummond, 11th of Lennox was born in 1318.2 He was the son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 10th Thane of Lennox and Margaret de Graham.2 He married Mary Montifex, daughter of Sir William de Montifex.2 He died in 1373.  Sir John Drummond, 11th of Lennox lived at Strobhall, Scotland."

According to thepeerage.com: "Mary Montifex was born in 1325.2 She was the daughter of Sir William de Montifex. She married Sir John Drummond, 11th of Lennox, son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 10th Thane of Lennox and Margaret de Graham.  Her married name became Drummond. She was also known as Mary Montfichet."

John = son of

Generation 26

0.11011101101111001111111111 Sir Malcolm Drummond, 10th Thane of Lennox (b. aftrer 1295, d. 1346) md. 0.11011101101111001111111110 Margaret de Graham [Her line]

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir Malcolm Drummond, 10th Thane of Lennox was born after 1295.1 He was the son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 9th Thane of Lennox and Margaret Graham.1 He died in 1346, killed in action.  Sir Malcolm Drummond, 10th Thane of Lennox fought in the Battle of Durham in 1346."

Malcolm = son of

Generation 27

0.110111011011110011111111111 Sir Malcolm Drummond, 9th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1270 d. 1325) md. 0.110111011011110011111111110 Margaret Graham, daughter of 0.1101110110111100111111111101 Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine

According to the peerage.com: "Sir Malcolm Drummond, 9th Thane of Lennox was born after 1270.1 He was the son of Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox and Elena Stewart.1 He married Margaret Graham, daughter of Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine. He died in 1325."

According to thepeerage.com: "  Margaret Graham was born before 1279. She was the daughter of Sir Patrick Graham of Kincardine. She married Sir Malcolm Drummond, 9th Thane of Lennox, son of Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox and Elena Stewart. Her married name became Drummond.".

Malcolm = son of

Generation 28

0.1101110110111100111111111111 Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox md. 0.1101110110111100111111111110 Elena Stewart, daughter of Walter Stewart, Earl of Menteith md. Mary of Monteith, Countess of Menteith [Her line]

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox was born after 1240.1 He was the son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 7th Thane of Lennox.1 He married Elena Stewart, daughter of Walter Stewart, Earl of Menteith and Mary of Monteith, Countess of Menteith.1 He died in 1301."

According to thepeerage.com: "Elena Stewart was the daughter of Walter Stewart, Earl of Menteith and Mary of Monteith, Countess of Menteith. She married Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox, son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 7th Thane of Lennox.  Her married name became Drummond."

John = son of

Generation 29

0.11011101101111001111111111111 Sir Malcolm Drummond, 7th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1209 d. 1278)

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir Malcolm Drummond, 7th Thane of Lennox was born after 1209.1 He was the son of Malcolm Beg Drummond, 6th Thane of Lennox and Ada of Lennox.1 He died in 1278."

Malcolm = son of

Generation 30

0.110111011011110011111111111111 Malcolm Beg Drummond, 6th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1169 d. 1259)  md. 0.110111011011110011111111111110 Ada of Lennox (Her line)

According to thepeerage.com: " Malcolm Beg Drummond, 6th Thane of Lennox was born after 1169.1 He was the son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 5th Thane of Lennox.1 He married Ada of Lennox, daughter of Maldouen, 3rd Earl of Lennox and Elizabeth Stewart.1 He died in 1259."

According to thepeerage.com: "  Ada of Lennox is the daughter of Maldouen, 3rd Earl of Lennox and Elizabeth Stewart.2 She married Malcolm Beg Drummond, 6th Thane of Lennox, son of Sir Malcolm Drummond, 5th Thane of Lennox.  Her married name became Drummond."

Malcolm = son of

Generation 31

0.1101110110111100111111111111111 Sir Malcolm Drummond, 5th Thane of Lennox (b. before 1153 d. 1200)

According to thepeerage.com: "Sir Malcolm Drummond, 5th Thane of Lennox was born before 1153. He died in 1200."

 


 

First  Douglas Family, Starting with Generation 17, 0.1101110110110110 Agnes Douglas

0.1101110110110110 Agnes Douglas md. 0.1101110110110111 Alexander Livingston (1500-1551), 5th Lord Livingston of Callandar

Agnes = daughter of

Generation 18

0.11011101101101111 John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton (1459-1512) md. 0.11011101101101110 Janet Crichton (1461-1493)

According to Wikipedia: "John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton (died 1513) was the son of James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton and Princess Joan Stewart. He was a grandson of James I of Scotland. He became earl in 1493, upon his father's death. He was succeeded by his son James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Morton. His daughter Agnes married Alexander Livingston, 5th Lord Livingston."

According to Wikipedia: "John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton (1466-1513) married Janet Crichton (died 1515).

John = son of

Generation 19

0.110111011011011111 James Douglas (1426-1493) md. 0.110111011011011110  Joan Stewart (1428-1493) Stewart Family

According to Wikipedia: "James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton (died 1493) was created Earl of Morton in 1458. He was a descendant of Agnes Dunbar, 4th Countess of Moray (known as "Black Agnes of Dunbar"). He married Princess Joan Stewart (1429 - c. 1488), daughter of James I, King of Scots. His wife was buried in Dalkeith Church, Dalkeith. They were the parents of four children; Janet, Elizabeth, James and John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton."

According to Wikipedia: "Joan Stewart[1] (circa 1428-after 16 October 1486) was the daughter of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort. Sent to France in 1445 for education at a nunnery, she later married James Douglas, 1st Earl of Morton and had issue..."

James = son of

Generation 20

0.1101110110110111111 James Douglas (1407-1458) md. 0.1101110110110111110 Elizabeth Gifford (1409-1456)

James = son of

Generation 21

0.11011101101101111111 James Douglas (1383-1441) md. Elizabeth Stewart (1387-1411) daughter of King Robert III of Scotland (1337-1406)  md. 0.11011101101101111110 Annabella Drummond (1350-1401)

James = son of

Generation 22

0.110111011011011111111 James Douglas (1350-1420) md. 0.110111011011011111110 Agnes Dunbar (1350-1378) 4th Countess of Moray (AKA Black Agnes of Dunar)

John = son of

Generation 23

0.1101110110110111111111 John Douglas (1320-1350) md.0.1101110110110111111110 Agnes Munfode (1320-1377)

John = son of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111111111 James Douglas (1300-1323) md. 0.1101110110110111111110 Joan of Scotland (1278-1337)


The Stewart Family, Starting with Generation 19, 0.110111011011011110 Joan Stewart (1426-1493)

0.110111011011011110 Joan Stewart (1428-1493)  md. 0.110111011011011111 James Douglas (1426-1493) First Earl of Morton

Joan was a deaf-mute  "Joan Stewart, Countess of Morton (c. 1428-16 Oct 1486) was the daughter of James I Stewart, King of Scotland and Lady Joan Beaufort. She was deaf and mute;Sshe was know by the pejorative nickname "The Dumb Lady" (latin: muta domina)."  according to Wikitree.com

Joan = daughter of

Generation 20

0.1101110110110111101 King James I of Scotland (Stewart) (1394-1437), reigned 1406-1437 md. 14240.1101110110110111100  Joan Beaufort (1404-1445) Beaufort Family
[Overlapping line. We are also descended through the Graham line from his sister Lady Mary Stewart]

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Joan Beaufort md. James I, King of Scotland]

James = son of

Generation 21

0.11011101101101111011 King Robert III of Scotland (1340-1406), reigned 1390-1406 md.1367 0.11011101101101111010 Annabella Drummond (1350-1401) Drummond Family
[Overlapping line. We are also descended from her brother Sir John Drummond, 12th of Lenox]

Robert = son of

Generation 22

0.110111011011011110111 King Robert II of Scotland (1316-1390), reigned 1371-1390 mated with 0.110111011011011110110 Elizabeth Mure (later legitimized with formal marrage 1349)

Robert = son of

Generation 23

0.1101110110110111101111 Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) md. 0.1101110110110111101110 Marjorie Bruce  (1296-1316), daughter of 0.11011101101101111011101 King Robert I of Scotland  Bruce Family

Walter = son of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111011111 James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland one of the six Regents of Scotland (1243-1309) md. 0.11011101101101111011110 Cecilia, daughter of 0.110111011011011110111101 Patrick Dunbar 

James = son of

Generation 25

0.110111011011011110111111 Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland (1214-1283) md. 0.110111011011011110111110 Jean, daughter of 0.110111011011011110111110 Angus or James Macrory, Lord of Bute.

Alexander is said to have accompanied King Louis of France on the Crusade in 1248.

Alexander = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110110111101111111 Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland (d. 1246) md. 0.1101110110110111101111110 Bethoc, daughter of 0.11011101101101111011111101 Gille Crist, Earl of Angus

First to use the Stewart surname

Walter = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101101111011111111 Alan fitz Walter, 2nd High Steward of Scotland  md. 0.11011101101101111011111110 Alesta, daughter of 0.110111011011011110111111101 Morggan Earl of Mar

Accompanied Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade, patron of the Knights Templar

Alan = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011011110111111111 Walter Fitzalan, 1st High Steward of Scotland, held that post c. 1150-1177 (d. 1177) Norman by culture and by blood a Breton md. 0.110111011011011110111111110  Eschyna de Londoniis of Molla and Huntlaw

Walter = son of

Generation 29

0.1101110110110111101111111111 Alan fitz Flaad, Breton knight  (c. 1078 - 1121) d. after 1114)  md. 0.1101110110110111101111111110 Ada or Adeline, daughter of 0.11011101101101111011111111101 Emoulf of Hesdin, who was killed on crusade at Antioch

Alan = son of

Generation 30

0.11011101101101111011111111111 Flaad

Flaad = son of

Generation 31

Alan = son of

Generation 32

0.110111011011011110111111111111 Alan, a crusader in 1097, Dapifer to the Archbishop of Dol, near Mont Saint-Michel


The Oldenburg Family, Starting from Generation 19, with 0.1101110110111111010 Margaret of Denmark

0.1101110110111111010 Margaret of Denmark (1456-1486) md. 1469 0.1101110110111111011 King James III Stewart of Scotland  (c. 1451/1452-1488).  

James was king 1460-1488, and Duke of Rothesay from birth.

According to Wikipedia: "James III of Scotland (c. 1451/1452 – 11 June 1488), the son of James II and Mary of Guelders, was Duke of Rothesay from birth, then King of Scots from 1460 to 1488. James was an unpopular and ineffective monarch owing to an unwillingness to administer justice fairly, a policy of pursuing alliance with the Kingdom of England, and a disastrous relationship with nearly all his extended family."

Margaret = daughter of

Generation 20

0.11011101101111110101 King Christian I (1426-1481) King of Denmark 1448-1481, Norway 1450-1481 and Sweden 1457-1464, also Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst  md. 0.11011101101111110100 Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430/1431-1495), AKA Dorothea of Hohensollern and Dorothy Achilles. Hohenzollern Family

Christian = son of

Generation 21

0.110111011011111101011  Count Dietrich of Oldenburg (1398-1440) AKA Derrick of Oldenburg and Theoderic of Oldenburg and Theoderic the Lucky, Count of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg  md. 0.110111011011111101010 Hedwig of Schauenburg (1398-1436) AKA Helvig of Schauenburg Schauenburg Family

According to Wikipedia: "Derrick or Dietrich of Oldenburg, Latin-based anglicization also Theoderic of Oldenburg  (c. 1398–February 14, 1440), nicknamed Theoderic the Lucky or the Fortunate (Teudericus Fortunatus), was a feudal lord in northern Germany, holding the counties of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg. He was called "Fortunatus" as he was able to secure Delmenhorst for his branch of the Oldenburgs. Dietrich is the father of Christian I of Denmark, a male-line ancestor to the present-day Danish throne under Margaret II of Denmark.

"Dietrich of Oldenburg was the son of Count Christian V of Oldenburg (who became count in about 1398 and died in 1423) and his wife, Countess Agnes of Honstein. His grandfather, Count Conrad I of Oldenburg (d. ca. 1368) had left his lands divided between his father and his uncle Conrad II.

"Dietrich’s father, Christian V, managed to gain the upper hand when Conrad II's son Maurice IV died in 1420. After this, most of the Oldenburg family patrimony was under the power of Dietrich’s branch. However, the house had several minor branches who had estates and claims, as was usual in any medieval fief.

"Dietrich of Oldenburg was the grandson of Ingeborg of Itzehoe, a Holstein princess who had married count Conrad I of Oldenburg. After the death in 1350 of her only brother, Count Gerhard V of Holstein-Itzehoe-Plön, Ingeborg and her issue were the heirs of her own grandmother Ingeborg of Sweden (d. ca. 1290, first wife of Gerhard II of Plön-Itzehoe), the eldest daughter of King Valdemar of Sweden and Queen Sophia, who herself was the eldest daughter of the sonless King Eric IV of Denmark and his wife Jutta of Saxony. Since other legitimate descent from King Valdemar apparently was extinct by this time, Dietrich was considered the heir general of Kings Valdemar I of Sweden and Eric IV of Denmark.

Dietrich succeeded his father as head of the House of Oldenburg in 1423."

Dietrich = son of

Generation 22

0.1101110110111111010111 Count Christian V of Oldenburg, became count 1398 (b. before 1347 d. 1423) md. 0.1101110110111111010110 Agnes of Honstein, Family of Holstein-Ploen

Christian = son of

Generation 23

0.1101110110111111010111 Count Conrad I of Oldenberg (d. appox. 1368) md. 0.1101110110111111010110 Ingeborg von Braunschweig

Conrad = son of

Generation 24

0.11011101101111110101111 Count John II of Oldenburg md. 0.11011101101111110101110 Hedwig of Diepholz

John = son of

Generation 25

0.110111011011111101011111 Count Christian III of Oldenburg md. 0.110111011011111101011110 Hedwig of Oldenburg

Christian = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110111111010111111 Count John I of Oldenburg (1204-1270) md. 0.1101110110111111010111110 Richeza of Hoya-Stumpenhausen

John = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101111110101111111 Count Christian II of Oldenburg (d. 1233) md. 0.11011101101111110101111110 Agnes of Altena-Isenburg

Christian = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011111101011111111 Count Maurice of Oldenburg (1145-1211) md. 0.110111011011111101011111110 Salome Wickerode

Maurice = son of

Generation 29

0.1101110110111111010111111111 Count Christian I of Oldenburg (d. 1167) md. 0.1101110110111111010111111110 Kunigunde

Christian = son of

Generation 30

0.11011101101111110101111111111 Count Elimar II of Oldenburg  ruled 1108-1142 md. 0.11011101101111110101111111110 Eilika von Werl-Rietberg, daughter of 0.110111011011111101011111111101 Count Heinrich von Rietberg

Elimar = son of

0.110111011011111101011111111111 Count Elimar I of Oldenburg (1040-1112) md. 1102, 0.110111011011111101011111111110 Richenza daughter of Henry, Count of Rietberg, daughter of 0.1101110110111111010111111111100 Dedi or Adalger

According to Wikipedia: "The name of Elimar is found in a charter dating from 1108. His wife claimed that he was descended from Wittekind, a notable defender of the Saxons and the chief opponent of Charlemagne during the Saxon Wars of 777 to 785, but there is no other evidence for this."

 



The Schauenburg Family, from Generation 21, starting with 0.110111011011111101010 Hedvig of Schauenburg

0.110111011011111101010 Hedvig of Schauenburg (1398-1436) AKA Helvig of Schauenburg  md. 0.110111011011111101011 Count Dietrich of Oldenburg (1398-1440) AKA Derrick of Oldenburg and Theoderic of Oldenburg and Theoderic the Lucky, Count of Delmenhorst and Oldenburg  Oldenburg Family

According to Wikipedia: "Helvig of Schauenburg (1398–1436), also known as Hedwig of Schauenburg, was a duchess of Schleswig and a countess of Holstein from the family of Schauenburg, and ancestor of the Danish Royal houses of Oldenburg and Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. She was a daughter of Count Gerhard VI of Holstein and his wife Elisabeth of Brunswick. Her brother was Adolf VIII/I, Count of Holstein/Duke of Schleswig. Through their father, Helvig and Adolf were Cognatic descendants of the King Eric V of Denmark. On 18 April 1417 Helvig was married to Prince Balthasar of Mecklenburg, who died of the plague in 1421. In 1423 she was married to Count Dietrich of Oldenburg."

Hedvig = daughter of

Generation 22

0.1101110110111111010101 Count Gerhard VI of Holstein md. 0.1101110110111111010100 Katharina Elisabeth of Brunswick (1385 - after 1423) Brunswick Family

According to Wikipedia: "Elisabeth of Brunswick and Lunenburg was born in 1385 and died after 1423, was Duchess consort of Sønderjylland and Schleswig and Countess consort of Holstein-Rendsburg. She was the regent of some of the fiefs of her son during his minority 1404-1415. She was a daughter of Magnus II Torquatus, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg, Prince of Wolfenbüttel, and his consort Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg, daughter of Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg. Elisabeth was the grandmother of Christian I of Denmark and six times great-granddaughter of Henry II of England." [her line continues below]

Gerhard = son of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111110101011 Henry II of Holstein-Rendsburg, Duke of Schleswig md. 0.11011101101111110101010 Ingeborg of Mecklenburg

Henry = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011111101010111 Gerhard III of Holsetin-Rendsburg, Duck of Schleswig md. 0.110111011011111101010110 Sofie of Mecklengrg-Werle

Gerhard = son of Henry I, Count of Holstein-Rendsburg md. Heilwig of Bronckhorst


The Keith Family, Starting from Generation 20, 0.110111011011110110 Lady Janet Keith

0.110111011011110110 Lady Janet Keith md. Dec. 1515 0.110111011011110111 William Graham, second Earl of Montrose (1492-1571) Graham Family

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Jane Keith md. William Graham, Second Earl of Montrose]

Janet = daughter of

Generation 21

0.1101110110111101101 William Keith 2nd Earl Marischal md. 0.1101110110111101100 Lady Elizabeth or Eliza Gordon Gordon Family

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Eliza Gordon md. William Keith]


The Beaufort Family, Starting from Generation 20, 1101110110110111100  Joan Beaufort

0.1101110110110111100  Joan Beaufort (1404-1445) md. 1424 0.1101110110110111101 King James I of Scotland (Stewart) (1394-1437), reigned 1406-1437

Joan = daughter of


Generation 21

0.11011101101101111001 John Beaufort, first Earl of Someset (1371-1410) md. 0.11011101101101111000 Margaret Holland (1385-1439) daughter of 0.110111011011011110001 Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of 0.1101110110110111100010 Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent", granddaughter of Edward I of England, wife of Edward the Black Prince and mother of Richard II of England)  Holland Family

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Margaret Holland md. John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorsett, Earl of Somerset, Knight of the Garter]

John = son of

Generation 22

0.110111011011011110011 John of Gaunt (Plantagenet), First Duke of Lancaster (1340-1399) md. 0.110111011011011110010 Katherine Swynford (1350-1403) daughter of 0.1101110110110111100101 Payne de Roet a Flemish herald from Hainault [John was born before they were married]

Richard II was his nephew
King Henry IV was his son

John = son of

Generation 23

0.1101110110110111100111 King Edward III of England  (Nov. 13, 1312 - June 21, 1377) reigned 1327-1377 md. 0.1101110110110111100110 Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369) Hainault Family

Edward = son of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111001111 King Edward II of England (April 25, 1284- Sept. 21, 1327?) reigned 1307-1327 md. 0.11011101101101111001110 Isabella of France AKA She-Wolf of France (c. 1295- Aug. 22, 1358), daughter of King Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre

Edward = son of

Generation 25

0.110111011011011110011111 Edward I, King of England (Plantagenet) (1239-1307) reigned (1272-1304) md. (f) 0.110111011011011110011110 Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290) daughter of 0.1101110110110111100111101 Fernando III, King of Castile and Leon and his second wife, 0.1101110110110111100111100 Jeanne, Countess of Ponthieu Family of Castile
[Overlapping line, also descended from Edward by way of his first wife, Isabella of Angouleme,  Plantagenet family]

Edward = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110110111100111111 Henry III, King of England (Plantagenet) (1207-1272) reigned 1216-1272) md. 0.1101110110110111100111110 Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223-1291) daughter of 0.11011101101101111001111101 Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence (1198-1245) and 0.11011101101101111001111100 Beatrice of Savoy (1206-1266)

Henry = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101101111001111111 John I, "Lackland," King of England (Plantagenet)  [Magna Carta] (1166-1216) reigned 1199-1216) md. 0.11011101101101111001111110 Isabella of Angoulême (1187-1246) daughter of 0.110111011011011110011111101 Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angouleme

John = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011011110011111111 Henry II, King of England (Plantagenet) (1133-1189) reigned 1154-1189) md. 0.110111011011011110011111110 Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) daughter of 0.110111011011011110011111110 1 William X, Duke of Aquitaine, and 0.110111011011011110011111110  Aenor de Châtellerault The Family of Aquitaine The Family of Normandy
Overlapping lines. We are also descended from Eleanor's marriage to the King of France

Henry = son of

Generation 29

0.1101110110110111100111111111 Geoffrey V Count of Anjou and Maine by inheritance from 1129 later (from 1144) also Duke of Normandy by conquest (Plantagenet) AKA "the Handsome" (Aug. 24, 1113 - Sept. 7, 1151) md.0.1101110110110111100111111110  Empress Matilda (1102-1110), briefly the first female ruler of England in 1141 (widow of Henry V Holy Roman Emperor) 

Geoffrey = son of

Generation 30

0.11011101101101111001111111111 Fulk V of Anjou AKA Fulk the Younger, (1089/1092 - Nov. 13, 1143) Count of Anjou 1109-1129 and King of Jerusalem 1131-1143  went on Crusade in 1120 and became a close friend of the Knights Templar md. 0.11011101101101111001111111110 Eremburga of La Fleche, daughter of 0.110111011011011110011111111101 Elias I of Maine and 0.110111011011011110011111111100 Matilda, daughter of 0.1101110110110111100111111111001 Gervais, Lord of Chateau-du-Loir

Fulk = son of

Generation 31

0.110111011011011110011111111111 Fulk IV AKA le Réchin (1043-1109) Count of Anjou 1068-1109 md. 0.110111011011011110011111111110 Bertrade de Monfort, who later deserted her husband and bigamously married King Philip I, she was the daughter of 0.1101110110110111100111111111101 Simon of Monfort

Fulk = son of

Generation 32

0.1101110110110111100111111111111 Geoffrey Count of Gatinais (AKA Aubri) md. 0.1101110110110111100111111111110 Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of 0.11011101101101111001111111111101 Fulk the Black, Count of Anjou


The Second Douglas Family, Starting from Generation 20,  0.11011101101111111110 Janet Douglas (1420-1437)
 
0.11011101101111111110 Janet Douglas (1420-1437) md. 1436 in Biggar, Lanarkshire, Scotland, 0.11011101101111111111 Robert Fleming  1st Lord Fleming (1416 - 1491)

Janet = daugther of

Generation 21

0.110111011011111111101 Sir James Douglas, 7th Earl of Douglas (1394-1494) md. 0.110111011011111111100 Beatrice Sinclair (1398-1462)

James = son of

Generation 22

0.1101110110111111111011 Sir George Douglas (1376-1402) md. 0.1101110110111111111010 Steart Douglas Kennedy (1380-1465)

George = son of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111111110111 William de Douglas (1313-1384) md. 0.11011101101111111110110 Margaret Sewart (1325-1418)
[ancestry.com]

William = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011111111101111 Archibald Douglas (b. 1297 in Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotland d. July 19, 1333 Haliden Hill, Nurthumberland, England) md. 0.110111011011111111101110 Beatrice De Lindsay (1291-1352)
[ancestry.com]

According to Wikipedia: "Sir Archibald Douglas (The Tyneman- Old Scots "Loser") (before 1298 – 19 July 1333) was a Scottish noble, Guardian of Scotland and military leader. The younger son of Sir William "le Hardi" Douglas, the Governor of the castle at Berwick-upon-Tweed, and his wife Eleanor de Lovaine. Douglas was also half-brother of "the Good" Sir James Douglas, King Robert the Bruce's deputy.

"Douglas is first heard of in 1320 when he received a charter of land at Morebattle in Roxburghshire and Kirkandrews in Dumfriesshire from King Robert. In 1324 he was recorded as being granted the lands of Rattray and Crimond in Buchan, and the lands of Conveth, Kincardineshire, already being possession of Cavers in Roxburghshire, Drumlanrig and Terregles in Dumfriesshire, and the lands of West Calder in Midlothian. By the time of his death he was also in possession of Liddesdale.

"History then keeps quiet about Douglas except whilst serving under his older brother James in the 1327 campaign in Weardale, where his foragers "auoint curry apoi tot levesche de Doresme"- overran nearly all the Bishopric of Durham. (Scalacronica)

"Following the death of King Robert I and his brother's crusade with the dead king's heart, Douglas once again becomes of note. He was made guardian of the kingdom since he was "the principal adviser in...the confounding of the king" as much as he was heir to his brothers influence after Murray's capture. Archibald's success in local raids though, did not prepare him for full scale conflict.

"During the Second War of Scottish Independence, Edward Baliol, son of King John of Scotland, had invaded Scotland with the backing of Edward III of England, inflicting a defeat on the Scots at the Battle of Dupplin Moor. Douglas served under the dubious leadership of Patrick V, Earl of Dunbar leader of the second army that aimed to crush the smaller Balliol force. Following the rout of the Earl of Mar's force Dunbar did not engage the disinherited but retreated allowing Edward Balliol to be crowned at Scone. Following this battle, and as a sweetener to the English, Edward Baliol agreed to cede the county, town and castle of Berwick to England in perpetuity. However Douglas led a Bruce loyalist defeat on Balliol at the Battle of Annan, forcing him to flee back to England.

"Edward III himself came north to command his army, and laid siege to Berwick. However, a temporary truce was declared with the stipulation that if not relieved within a set time, Sir Alexander Seton, the governor, would deliver the castle to the English. Douglas raised an army to relieve the beleaguered defenders of Berwick. As a feint to draw the English away he invaded Northumberland, but was forced to return to Berwick when the English refused to be lured. On 19 July, Edward's army took positions at the summit of Halidon Hill, a summit some mile and a half north of the town with commanding views of the surrounding country. Douglas' numerically superior force was compelled to attack up the slope and were slaughtered by the English archers, a prelude, perhaps, to the battles of Crécy and Agincourt. The English won the field with little loss of life, however by the close of the fight, countless Scots common soldiery, five Scots Earls and the Guardian Douglas lay dead. The following day Berwick capitulated.

"Archibald was succeeded by his son, William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas."

see the historical novel Castle Dangerous by Sir Walter Scott

Archibald = son of

Generation 25

0.1101110110111111111011111  William "le Hardi" Douglas (1255-1298) md. 0.1101110110111111111011110 Eleanor de Lovaine

According to Wikipedia: "Following the Battle of Dunbar, a large section of the Scots nobility were languishing in prison in England. The countryside was fomenting and there was talk of a new champion for the Scots people, William Wallace of Elderslie had started his campaign. Douglas was summoned to attend King Edward in London on 7 July 1297, with fifty other barons to accompany him on an expedition to Flanders to aid Guy of Dampierre, Count of Flanders against Philip le Bel King of France. Douglas refused and joined company with Wallace. Most Scots magnates thought that Wallace was beneath their dignity, but Douglas had no such compunction. He was the first nobleman to join with Sir William Wallace in 1297 in rebellion; combining forces at Sanquhar, Durisdeer and later Scone Abbey where the two liberated the English treasury. With that booty Wallace financed further rebellion. Wallace joined his forces with that of Sir Andrew Moray and together they led the patriot army in the Battle at Stirling Bridge fought on 11 September 1297. They were joined by other patriots such as Robert Wishart Bishop of Glasgow, and the Morays of Bothwell, with a contingent of Douglases at the national muster at Irvine, North Ayrshire.

"When Edward heard of Douglas' supposed treason he commanded the future King of Scots Robert Bruce, Earl of Carrick, then governor of Carlisle for the English to take retribution. Bruce swept into Douglasdale at the king's order. However, young Bruce, who was twenty-two years old at the time, stated, "I must join my own people and the nation in which I was born." He then was joined by the men of Douglas and Lady Douglas, proceeding to join the rebels at Irvine.

"The third time Douglas was held a prisoner of Edward Plantagenet, was after 9 July 1297 when he was accused by Sir Henry de Percy of breaking his covenant of peace with Edward that was agreed to in the document known as the Capitulation at Irving Water, where Douglas was in the company of Robert Brus, Alexander de Lindsay and John and James (the latter three his brothers in law). By the time Sir Andrew de Moray and William Wallace won their great victory at Stirling, Sir William the Hardy was again Edward's prisoner at Berwick Castle; staying in what was now called 'Douglas Tower.

"
Following Wallace's success at Stirling Bridge the English fled Berwick on Tweed with Douglas and another Scottish prisoner Thomas de Morham; both were later committed to the Tower of London on 12 October 1297 with Douglas meeting his end there in 1298 due to mistreatment. "

See the movie Braveheart with Mel Gibson.

William = son of

Generation 26

0.11011101101111111110111111 William Longleg, Lord of Douglas (1220- c. 1274 md. (2) 0.11011101101111111110111110 Constance Battail of Fawdon

According to Wikipedia: "The years of the minority of King Alexander III (1249–1262) featured an embittered struggle for the control of affairs between two rival parties, the one led by the nationalistic Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith, the other by pro-English Alan Durward, Justiciar of Scotia. The former dominated the early years of Alexander's reign. In 1255 an interview between the English and Scottish kings at Kelso led to Menteith and his party losing to Durward's party. Later both parties called a Meeting of the great Magnates of the Realm to establish a regency until Alexander came of age. William Lord of Douglas was one of the magnates called to witness. Douglas was a partisan of Durward's party. This can be explained by the fact that although most of his territories lay in Douglasdale, through his wife, Constance, he had obtained the rich Manor of Fawdon in Northumberland and it would do well to keep English Royal favour"

William = son of

Generation 27

0.110111011011111111101111111 Archibald I, Lord of Douglas (before 1198 - c. 1238) md. 0.110111011011111111101111110 Margaret, daughter of 0.1101110110111111111011111101 Sir John Crawford of Crawfordjohn

According to Wikipedia: "The earliest attestation of his existence is in a charter of confirmation dated prior to 1198. This charter of Jocelin, Bishop of Glasgow, granted the rights of a toft in Glasgow to Melrose Abbey. Archibald's name appears between that of Alan, High Steward of Scotland and Robert de Montgomery. Also before 1198, Archibald appears in another document, again before 1198, in which he resigns the lands of Hailes held by him of the Abbey of Dunfermline, to Robert of Restalrig. Between 1214 and 1226, Archibald acquired the use of the lands of Hermiston and Livingston, with Maol Choluim I, Earl of Fife as his feudal superior.[1] Archibald of Douglas must have been knighted before 1226 as he appears in another charter of Melrose Abbey as 'Dominus de Douglas' witnessing William Purves of Mospennoc granting the Monks of Melrose rights to pass through his lands. Another witness is Andrew, Archibald's knight which highlights his influential position.[2] Archibald de Douglas appears as a signatory to several royal charters following 1226, and he appears to have spent a considerable time in Moray as episcopal charters of his brother Bricius de Douglas show. He was in the retinue of the King Alexander II, at Selkirk, in 1238 when the title Earl of Lennox was regranted to Maol Domhnaich of Lennox. Douglas disappears from historical record after 1239 and it is presumed that he died about this time.

Archibald = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011111111101111111l William of Douglas (d. 1214) lived in Clydesdale, under the King of the Scots md. 0.110111011011111111101111110 Margaret, sister of Freskin of Kerdal, a Flemish laird from Moray


The Gordon Family, Starting from Generation 21, with 0.1101110110111101100 Lady Elizabeth or Eliza Gordon

0.1101110110111101100 Lady Elizabeth or Eliza Gordon md. 0.1101110110111101101 William Keith 2nd Earl Marischal


Eliza = daughter of

Generation 22

0.11011101101111011011 George Gordon, Earl of Huntly (before 1455-1501), Chancellor of Scotland (1498-1501) (son of Alexander Gordon) md. 0.11011101101111011010 Annabella Stewart (1433-1471) Second Stewart Family

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Annabelle md. George Gordon, Earl of Huntly]

George = son of

Generation 23

0.110111011011110110111 Alexander Seton, later Gordon, 1st Earl of Huntly, Lord of Badenoch and Cluny, knighted 1439/40  (d. 1470)  md. 0.110111011011110110110 Elizabeth Crichton, daughter of 0.1101110110111101101101 William Crichton, Chancellor of Scotland after 1439

NB -- change of surname

Generation 24

Alexander = son of

0.1101110110111101101111 Alexander Seton (d. 1440) md. 0.1101110110111101101110 Elizabeth (d. 1439) daughter and heiress of 0.11011101101111011011101 Sir Adam Gordon


The Holland Family, Starting from Generation 21, with 0.11011101101101111000 Margaret Holland

0.11011101101101111000 Margaret Holland (1385-1439)  md.  0.11011101101101111001 John Beaufort, first Earl of Someset (1371-1410) Beaufort Family

According to Wikipedia: "Margaret Beaufort (née Holland), Countess of Somerset (1385–30 Dec 1439) was the daughter of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, who was the son of Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent" (granddaughter of Edward I of England, wife of Edward the Black Prince and mother of Richard II of England). Margaret married John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, son of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress Katherine Swynford. They had six children:"

According to Wikipedia: "John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset (1373 – March 16, 1410) was the first of the four illegitimate children of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and his mistress Katherine Swynford, later his wife. Beaufort was born in about 1371 and his surname probably reflects his father's lordship of Beaufort in Champagne, France. The family emblem was the portcullis which is shown on the reverse of a modern British 1p coin. John of Gaunt had his nephew Richard II of England declare the Beaufort children legitimate in 1390, Gaunt married their mother in January 1396. Despite being the grandchildren of Edward III of England, and next in the line of succession after the Lancasters, their father's legitimate children, by agreement they were barred from the succession to the throne."

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Margaret Holland md. John Beaufort, Marquis of Dorsett, Earl of Somerset, Knight of the Garter]

Margaret = daughter of

Generation 22

0.110111011011011110001 Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (1350 - April 25, 1397), councillor of his half-brother King Richard II md. 0.110111011011011110000 Alice FitzAlan , daughter of 0.1101110110110111100001 Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and 0.1101110110110111100000 Eleanor of Lancaster

According to Wikipedia: "Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (1350–April 25, 1397) was an English nobleman and a councillor of his half-brother Richard II. Thomas was the son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and Joan of Kent. His mother was a daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake. Edmund was in turn a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France, and thus a younger half-brother of Edward II of England. When his father died in 1360 Thomas became Baron Holand. His mother was still Countess of Kent in her own right. At sixteen, in 1366, Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine. He fought in various campaigns over the following years, and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1375. Richard II became king in 1377, and soon Holland acquired great influence over his younger half-brother, which he used for his own enrichment. In 1381 he was created Earl of Kent. ... Holland married Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, and Eleanor of Lancaster. They had eight children:"

[Cary-Estes p. 85 Thomas Holand md. Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard, Ninth Earl of Arundel]

Thomas = son of

Generation 23

0.1101110110110111100011 Thomas Holland, 1st Earl Earl of Kent (c. 1314 - Dec. 26, 1360) military commander during the Hundred Years' War md. 0.1101110110110111100010 Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent" (1328-1385), granddaughter of Edward I of England Plantagenet Family

According to Wikipedia: "Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (c. 1314 – 26 December 1360) was an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
He was from a gentry family in Holland, Lancashire. He was a son of Robert Holland and Maud De La Zouche. In his early military career, he fought in Flanders. He was engaged, in 1340, in the English expedition into Flanders and sent, two years later, with Sir John D'Artevelle to Bayonne, to defend the Gascon frontier against the French. In 1343, he was again on service in France; and, in the following year, had the honour of being chosen one of the founders of the Most Noble Order of the Garter. In 1346, he attended King Edward III into Normandy in the immediate retinue of the Earl of Warwick; and, at the taking of Caen, the Count of Eu and Guînes, Constable of France, and the Count De Tancarville surrendered themselves to him as prisoners. At the Battle of Crécy, he was one of the principal commanders in the van under the Prince of Wales and he, afterwards, served at the Siege of Calais in 1346-7. Around the same time as, or before, his first expedition, he secretly married the 12-year-old Joan of Kent, daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake, granddaughter of Edward I and Marguerite of France. However, during his absence on foreign service, Joan, under pressure from her family, contracted another marriage with William Montacute, 2nd Earl of Salisbury (of whose household Holland had been seneschal). This second marriage was annulled in 1349, when Joan's previous marriage with Holland was proved to the satisfaction of the papal commissioners. Joan was ordered by the Pope to return to her husband and live with him as his lawful wife; this she did, thus producing 4 children by him."

According to Wikipedia: "Joan, Countess of Kent (September 29, 1328 – August 7, 1385), known to history as The Fair Maid of Kent, was the first Princess of Wales. The French chronicler Froissart called her "the most beautiful woman in all the realm of England, and the most loving." The "fair maid of Kent" appellation does not appear to be contemporary.... Joan was daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake, 3rd Baroness Wake. Her paternal grandparents were Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France. Her maternal grandparents were John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell and Joan de Fiennes. Her father, Edmund, was a younger half-brother of Edward II of England. Edmund's support of the King placed him in conflict with the Queen, Isabella of France, and her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. Edmund was executed after Edward II's deposition, and Joan, her mother and her siblings were placed under house-arrest in Arundel Castle when Joan was only two years old"

[Cary-Estes p. 84 Joan of Kent md. Thomas Holland]

Thomas = son of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111000111 Robert de Holland 1st Baron Holland (c. 1283 - 1328, beheaded for treason) = ancestor of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Louis XVI, and Winston Churchill, knighted 1305  md. about 1308 0.11011101101101111000110 Maud De La Zouche, daughter of 0.110111011011011110001101 Lord Alan la Zouche, 1st Baron la Zouche of Ashby md. 0.110111011011011110001100 Eleanor de Segrave

Robert = son of

  0.110111011011011110001111 Sir Robert de Holland md. 0.110111011011011110001110 Eizabeth de Salmesbury 


The First Drummond Family, Starting from Generation 21, with 0.1101110110111101110  Annabella Drummond (1350-1401)

0.1101110110111101110  Annabella Drummond (1350-1401) md. 1367 0.1101110110111101111 King Robert III of Scotland (1340-1406) Stewart Family
[Overlapping line.  We're also descended from her brother Sir John Drummond, 12th of Lenox]

Annabella = daughter of

Generation 22

0.11011101101111011101 Sir John Drummond 11th of Lennox (1318-1373) and 0.11011101101111011100  Mary Montifex  AKA Mary Montifichet (b. 1325), daughter of 0.110111011011110111001 William de Montifex

John = son of

Generation 23

0.110111011011110111011 Sir Malcolm Drummond 10th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1295 d. 1346) 0.110111011011110111010 Margaret de Graham Second Graham Family

Malcolm = son of

Generation 24

0.1101110110111101110111 Sir Malcolm Drummond 9th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1270 d. 1325) md. 0.1101110110111101110110 Margaret Graham (b. before 1279)

Malcolm = son of

Generation 25

0.11011101101111011101111 Sir John Drummond, 8th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1240 d. 1301) md.0.11011101101111011101110 Elena Stewart

John = son of

Generation 26

0.110111011011110111011111 Sir Malcolm Drummond, 7th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1209 d. 1278)

Malcolm = son of

0.1101110110111101110111111 Malcolm Beg Drummond, 6th Thane of Lennox (b. afater 1169 d. 1259) md. 0.1101110110111101110111110 Ada of Lennox

Malcolm = son of

0.11011101101111011101111111 Sir Malcolm Drummond, 5th Thane of Lennox (b. before 1153 d. 1200)


The Family of Holstein-Ploen, Starting from Generation 22, with 0.1101110110111111010110 Agnes Holstein

0.1101110110111111010110 Agnes of Holstein md. 0.1101110110111111010111 Count Christian V of Oldenburg, became count 1398 (b. before 1347 d. 1423)

Agnes = daughter of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111110101101 Gerhard IV, Count of Holstein-Ploen (c. 1277 - 1323)md. 0.11011101101111110101100 Anastasia of Wittenberg

Gerhard = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011111101011011 Gerhard II, Count of Holstein-Ploen) (1254 - Oct. 28,1312) md. 0.110111011011111101011010 Ingeborg of Sweden, Second Family of Sweden

_________________

The Brunswick Family, from Generation 22, starting with 0.1101110110111111010100 Katharina Elisabeth of Brunswick

0.1101110110111111010100 Katharina Elisabeth of Burnswick (1385 - after 1423) md. 0.1101110110111111010101 Count Gerhard VI of Holstein  Schauenburg Family

Katharina = daughter of

Generation 23

0.11011101101111110101001 Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (1324-1373) md. 0.11011101101111110101000 Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg

According to Wikipedia: "Magnus (1324–1373), called Magnus with the Necklace (Latin: Magnus Torquatus) or Magnus II, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, ruling the Brunswick-Lüneburg principalities of Wolfenbüttel (colloquially also called Brunswick) and, temporarily, Lüneburg. Magnus was the son of Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Wolfenbüttel). In 1362 Magnus and his brother Louis helped their brother Prince-Archbishop Albert II of Bremen to assert himself against the incumbent diocesan administrator Morris of Oldenburg, who claimed the see for himself. Magnus, Louis and the latter's father-in-law William II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Celle), and their troops beleaguered Morris in the prince-archiepiscopal castle in Vörde and forced him to sign his resignation.

"After the death of his brother Louis in 1367, Magnus became the designated heir of both ducal principalities, Wolfenbüttel and Celle (colloquially also Lüneburg). When both his father and William II, who ruled over Celle, died in 1369, Magnus gained both ducal principalities. But already in 1370, he lost Celle to the Ascanian dukes of Saxe-Wittenberg (Albert and his uncle Wenceslas, Elector of Saxe-Wittemberg), who had been given the principality by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, who had also banned Magnus. Several cities, including Lüneburg (Lunenburg), Uelzen, and Hanover switched allegiance to the Ascanians; Magnus managed to keep the City of Braunschweig (Brunswick) among his allies only with difficulties. The Lüneburg War of Succession continued for several years after Magnus died in the Battle of Leveste (a part of today's Gehrden), near the Deister, on 25 July 1373."

Magnus = son of

Generation 24

0.110111011011111101010011 Magnus the Pious, Duck of Brunswick-Luneburg (d. 1369) md. 0.110111011011111101010010 Sophie of Brandenburg

According to Wikipedia: "Magnus (died 1369), called the Pious (Latin Pius), was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The son of Albert the Fat, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Magnus was still a minor when his father died in 1318; he and his brother Ernest were put under the guardianship of their elder brother Otto, who continued as sole ruler even after his brothers came of age. After marrying Sophie, a niece of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Magnus was appointed margrave of Landsberg and count palatine of Saxony by the Emperor in 1333. Magnus took residence at Sangerhausen. When Otto died in 1344, Magnus and Ernest jointly took over government of the state; but already on 17 April 1345, they agreed to divide the territory. Magnus received the Principality of Wolfenbüttel.

"In 1346, a border war between Wolfenbüttel and the Archbishop of Magdeburg broke out. In exchange for help in this conflict, Magnus sold the Margraviate of Landsberg to Frederick II, Margrave of Meißen. But the Archbishop conquered Schöningen in 1347, and Magnus had to cede Hötensleben and some other possessions to the Archbishop. Financially ruined by the war, Magnus could not stop the cities in the state from acquiring more and more rights; especially the City of Brunswick was becoming more powerful.

"In 1348, the Emperor gave Landsberg and the Palatinate of Saxony to Bernard, Prince of Anhalt. The ensuing conflict over these territories between Magnus and Bernard ended amicably with a marriage between Magnus' son Magnus and Catherine, daughter of Valdemar, Prince of Anhalt.

"Magnus attempted to secure the Principality of Lüneburg for his son Louis, so that it could be reunited with Wolfenbüttel. The prince of Lüneburg, William II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, a member of the same house to which Magnus belonged, the House of Welf, did not have sons; however, he had already promised the principality to a son of his daughter, a relative of the Duke of Saxony, before he agreed to Magnus' plan. Louis then married William's daughter Matilda. A lengthy conflict broke out that culminated in the Lüneburg Succession War, which was resolved only in 1388.

"In 1367, Magnus joined Dietrich, Archbishop of Magdeburg, Albert, Bishop of Halberstadt, Valdemar, Prince of Anhalt, and others in a campaign against Gerhard of Berg, Bishop of Hildesheim; they were defeated by Hildesheim in a battle near Farmsen and Dinklar on 3 September. Magnus was taken prisoner, and had to buy his freedom. He died in Summer of 1369.

Magnus = son of

Generation 25

0.1101110110111111010100111 Albert II, "the Fat", Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (c. 1268- Sept. 22, 1318) md. 0.1101110110111111010100110 Rixa of Mecklengurg-Werle

According to Wikipedia: "Albert (Latin Albertus; c. 1268 – 22 September 1318), called the Fat (pinguis), was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. The second son of Albert the Tall, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Albert was a boy when his father died in 1279. He was first under guardianship of his uncle, Conrad, Prince-Bishop of Verden, and then of his elder brother, Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1286 the three brothers divided their father's territory; Albert received the areas around Göttingen, Minden, Northeim, Calenberg, and Hanover. He made Göttingen his residence. In 1292, the third brother, William, died childless, and Albert and Henry quarrelled about William's share, the areas around Brunswick and Wolfenbüttel; Albert finally prevailed."

Albert = son of

Generation 26

0.11011101101111110101001111 Albert the Tall, Duke of Bruswick-Luneberg (1236-1279)

According to Wikipedia: "Albert the Tall (Latin: Albertus Longus, German: Albrecht der Große) (1236–1279), of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1252 to 1269 and the first ruler of the newly-created Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1269 until his death. Albert I of Brunswick was the second son of Otto the Child, the first Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. When his father died in 1252, he was the oldest surviving son, and took over the rule of the duchy; later his younger brother John joined him. In 1267, the brothers agreed to divide the duchy, which happened in 1269. Albert partitioned the territory while John obtained the right to choose his part. He took the northern half including the region of Lüneburg and the city of Hanover, while Albert received the southern part, including Calenberg, Helmstedt, the Harz mountains and Göttingen. The City of Brunswick was to remain common property of the brothers. Albert died on August 15, 1279 and is buried at Brunswick Cathedral. He was succeeded by his elder three sons, the younger three joined the Church."

Albert = son of

Generation 27

0.110111011011111101010011111 Otto the Child, first Duke of Bruswick-Luneburg (d. 1252)

According to Wikipedia: "Otto I of Brunswick-Lüneburg (about 1204 – 1252) was the first duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1235 until his death. He is called Otto the Child to distinguish him from his uncle, Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Otto was born around 1204 as the only son of William of Winchester, the youngest son of Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony. He inherited his father's properties in Saxony in 1213. The death of the Prince Palatine, in 1214, may be said to have opened to him a more splendid succession than what belonged to the very circumscribed patrimony of his father; but as his uncle Henry hesitated between a desire to aggrandize his own children (daughters) and a sense of what was due to the male representative of his name and family, Otto reaped little advantage from these enlarged prospects.

"At last, in 1223, Henry executed a deed, by which he appointed his nephew his successor in all that remained of the allodial domains of the duchies of Saxony and Bavaria, and also in the private fiefs which he held as an individual in other parts of the empire. These states, however, constituted so small a portion of the former wealth of his illustrious house, that we should have thought there was scarcely a pretext for either envy or alarm in the breast of his enemy, yet when the Emperor, Frederick II, was made acquainted with the intentions of the Count Palatine, he began to intrigue with his daughters. That he might have a pretense for depriving Otto of the succession at his uncle's death, he purchased from Irmgard, the Margravine of Baden and Agnes, the Duchess of Bavaria their claims as the only issue of the Duke of Saxony; and no sooner was the death of Henry announced, than the King of the Romans was dispatched with an imperial force to take possession of the city and territory of Brunswick. But Otto had been regularly acknowledged by the states as their legitimate sovereign and had been received as such by the city and principality. They therefore joined him heartily in repelling this invasion, and the king and his array were compelled to retire, without being able to effect the object which the emperor had in view.

"To be prepared against any future attempt of the same kind, Otto judged it prudent at this time to enter into a treaty with his maternal uncle King Valdemar II of Denmark, by which they respectively bound themselves to support each other against all enemies whatsoever. This treaty was in the end most injurious to the states of Brunswick. Otto was made count of Garding and Thetesbüll by King Valdemar, and participated in the Battle of Mölln of 1225 and the Battle of Bornhöved of 1227 on the side of Denmark. After the last battle Otto was imprisoned in Rostock, the capital of Schwerin, where he was shut up in a fortress.

"The Emperor no sooner heard of Otto's confinement, than he again prepared to attack Brunswick. His son, the Roman king, was detached with a considerable force to seize upon the city; and that more weight might he given to the expedition, the Duke of Bavaria was prevailed upon to accompany him. But on their approach, they found the gates shut, and the citizens prepared to defend their liberties, while they learnt, at the same time, that the King of Denmark was advancing upon their rear. They were therefore compelled to sound a retreat; and luckily for the captive prince, the emperor had become involved in matters of higher importance, which we shall now briefly notice, and was under the necessity of withdrawing his attention from the conquest of Brunswick.

"It happened fortunately for the Duke of Brunswick, that the Count of Schwerin died in 1228, and that on his death-bed he had directed that he should be set at liberty. The Duke of Saxony, who claimed a joint right in his detention, refused at first to comply with the dying request of his friend, but when allowed to take possession of the Castle of Hardsacre and other states, as a security for the payment of his ransom, he was permitted to leave his prison. Otto reached Brunswick in September 1228, and was received by his vassals with every mark of respect and attachment. He renewed and confirmed the various charters granted by his ancestors to the city, and greatly enlarged its privileges; while his uncle, the King of Denmark, bestowed as a boon upon the citizens the liberty of trading in his dominions, without paying customs or any other dues.

"On his way from Rostock, Otho had spent some days at the court of the Margrave of Brandenburg, where he had seen and admired the Princess Matilda, the daughter of the margrave, and no sooner were his private affairs arranged, than he sent to demand the hand of this princess in marriage. It was an alliance too flattering for the House of Brandenburg to be rejected. Matters were speedily settled, and the marriage ceremony was performed with great splendor at Lüneburg.

"By 1227, his father's two brothers, Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine, and Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, had died without surviving children, and Otto was the only heir of the properties of his grandfather Henry the Lion. But Otto had to battle for his properties against the ruling Hohenstaufen family and against local nobles; he managed to strengthen his position through his marriage to Matilda.

"It is alleged by some that the Duke of Brunswick was well-inclined to enter into the views of the Pope, but that he found he could neither raise men nor money sufficient to warrant even a probability of success. This we are inclined to doubt, for had Otho been ambitious, he might have obtained the empire without much difficulty; and supported as he was by England and Denmark, it is not likely that he could have been at a loss for an army, or for the means of supporting it.

"As a proof that Otto had the full confidence and support of the King of England, we find that the moment he obtained his liberty, he wrote to communicate the same to Henry III, who was his cousin, and as Henry's answer dated 6 March 1229 has fortunately been preserved by Thomas Rymer, it becomes a valuable part of these annals, as it puts our conjecture beyond a doubt.

"Later Henry send a letter to the Pope, in which he repeats his thanks to Pope Gregory IX for the zealous part he had taken in procuring the freedom of his dear cousin the Duke of Brunswick, and adds, "that as Christian Princes may approach his Holiness with their petitions, he ventures to supplicate a continuance of his especial favor to his said cousin, which by reason of their near connexion in blood he would esteem as much as if shewn to himself." He implores Gregory to promote Otto's honor whenever it is in his power, and to recommend him to the princes of the empire, as often as he had an opportunity, adding, " that he most firmly believed and trusted in the Lord, that among all the princes of the empire he would be found the one most devoted to the interests of the church; and that as he considered his release from prison owing in a great measure to the influence of the Apostolic See, he would consequently be the more obsequious to that power.

"In 1235, Otto achieved an agreement with the Hohenstaufen Emperor Frederick II that ended the dispute between the Hohenstaufen House and the House of Welf, to which Otto belonged. This dispute had culminated when Henry the Lion was stripped of his duchies in 1180 by Frederick's grandfather, Frederick Barbarossa. According to this agreement, Otto transferred all of his private property to the Emperor, who immediately returned it to him as a hereditary imperial fief. In this way, Otto reacquired the status of a prince of the Holy Roman Empire that Henry the Lion had lost. However, the Duchy of Saxony, which Henry had held, had since then passed on to Ascanian dukes, so that the Emperor had to create a new duchy for Otto. This was the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg, named after the two central cities around which Otto's former properties were located. Otto could substantially increase his territory by supporting King William, who married his daughter Elizabeth in January of 1252.

"King William had intimated to the princes of Germany his desire to meet them in a general diet at Frankfurt against the Feast of St. John the Baptist, 1252; he was preparing to leave Brunswick with his father-in-law for the purpose of being present at this assembly when Otto was suddenly taken unwell and expired on 9 June. Otto is buried in Brunswick Cathedral. He is the male-line ancestor of all later members of the House of Welf."

Otto = son of

Generation 28

0.1101110110111111010100111111 William of Winchester AKA William Longsword, AKA William of Luneburg (April 11, 1184 - Dec. 13, 1213) md. 0.1101110110111111010100111110 Helen daughter of 0.11011101101111110101001111101 King Vlademar I of Denmark Family of Denmark

According to Wikipedia: "William (11 April 1184, Winchester – 13 December 1213), called William of Winchester, William Longsword, or William of Lüneburg, was the youngest son of Duke Henry the Lion. William was born in England during his father's exile; he remained there when Henry returned to Saxony and was raised at Richard Lionheart's court. When Henry died in 1195, William inherited Henry's properties around Lüneburg, near Lauenburg, and in the eastern Harz. In 1202, William married Helen, daughter of King Valdemar I of Denmark. Their only child was Otto (1204-1252), who inherited his father's property."

William = son of

Generation 29

0.11011101101111110101001111111 Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Duke of Bavaria md. 0.11011101101111110101001111110 Matilda Duchess of Saxony First Family of Saxony

Henry = son of

Generation 30

0.110111011011111101010011111111 Henry X, Duke of Bavaria md. 0.110111011011111101010011111110 Gertrude of Supplinburg Family of Supplinburg

Henry = son of

Generation 31

0.1101110110111111010100111111111 Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria md. 0.1101110110111111010100111111110 Wulfhild of Saxony

_________________________________________

The Second Graham Family, Starting from Generation 23, with  0.110111011011110111019 Margaret de Graham

 0.110111011011110111010 Margaret de Graham md. 0.110111011011110111011 Sir Malcolm Drummond 10th Thane of Lennox (b. after 1295 d. 1346) 

Margaret = daughter of

Generation 24

 0.1101110110111101110101 Sir Patrick de Graham (d. 1296) and  0.110111011011110111010 Annabelle Graham daughter of 0.1101110110111101110101 Robert Graham, 4th Earl of Strathearn (d. before 1244)

Patrick = son of

Generation 25

 0.11011101101111011101011 David Graham (d. 1237)  lived at Kincardine, Aberdeenshire, Scotland md.  0.11011101101111011101010  Agnes (?)

David = son of

Generation 26

 0.110111011011110111010111 Gilbert Graham, 3rd Earl of Strathearn (b. circa 1150 d. circa 1223) md. 0.110111011011110111010110  Maud d'Aubigny (d. after 1210) D'Aubigny Family


The Bruce Family, Starting from Generation 23, with 0.1101110110110111101110 Marjorie Bruce

0.1101110110110111101110  Marjorie Bruce  (1296-1316) nd. 0.1101110110110111101111 Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland (d. 1326) Second Stewart Family

According to Wikipedia: "Marjorie Bruce or Margaret de Bruce (December, 1296 – March 2, 1316) was the eldest daughter of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots by his first wife, Isabella of Mar. Her paternal grandparents were Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale and Marjorie of Carrick, 3rd Countess of Carrick. Her mother died giving birth to her. In 1302, her father was remarried to Elizabeth de Burgh. They were crowned King and Queen of Scots at Scone, Perthshire on March 27, 1306. The coronation occurred during the Wars of Scottish Independence in opposition to Edward I of England."

Marjorie = daughter of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111011101 King Robert I of Scotland AKA Robert the Bruce (July 11, 1274-June 7, 1329) reigned 1306-1329 md. 0.11011101101101111011100 Isabella of Mar (c. 1277-1296)

According to Wikipedia: "Robert I, King of Scots (11 July 1274 – 7 June 1329) usually known in modern English as Robert the Bruce (Medieval Gaelic: Roibert a Briuis; modern Scottish Gaelic: Raibeart Bruis; Norman French: Robert de Brus or Robert de Bruys; ) was King of the Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Although his paternal ancestors were of Scoto-Norman heritage (originating in Brieux, Normandy)[1], his maternal ancestors were Scottish-Gaels. He became one of Scotland's greatest kings, as well as one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against the Kingdom of England. He claimed the Scottish throne as a fourth great-grandson of David I of Scotland."

Robert = son of

Generation 25

0.110111011011011110111011 Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale and Earl of Carrick (July 1243 - March 1304) participated in the Ninth Crusade md. 0.110111011011011110111010 Marjorie, Countess of Carrick

According to Wikipedia: "Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale and jure uxoris Earl of Carrick[1] (July 1243 - March 1304 [2]), was a feudal lord in both Scotland and England prior to and during the Second Barons' War, Welsh Wars, and First War of Scottish Independence. He was the son and heir of Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale and Isobel de Calre, daughter of the Earl of Gloucester and Hertford."

Robert = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110110111101110111 Robert de Brus, 5th Lord of Annandale (c. 1215-1295) md. 0.1101110110110111101110110 Isobel de Calre, daughter of 0.11011101101101111011101101 the Earl of Gloucester and Hertford

According to Wikipedia: "Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale (Robert de Brus) (c1215 – 31 March 1295[1])), 5th Lord of Annandale, was a feudal lord, Justice and Constable of Scotland and England, a Regent of Scotland, and a leading Competitor to be King of Scotland in 1290-92 in the Great Cause. Robert was son of Robert Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale and Isobel of Huntingdon, the second daughter of David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon and Matilda de Kevilloc of Chester. David in turn was the son of Henry of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland and Ada de Warenne; Henry's parents were King David I of Scotland and Maud of Northumberland."

Robert = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101101111011101111 Robert Bruce, 4th Lord of Annandale (d. between 1226 and 1233) md. 0.11011101101101111011101110 Isabella or Isobel of Huntingdon (1199-1251) Huntingdon Family

According to Wikipedia: "Robert IV de Brus(? 1226 x 1233) was a 13th century Lord of Annandale.He was the son of William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale and Christina or Beatrice de Teyden. Robert IV married Isabella, the second daughter of David of Scotland, 8th Earl of Huntingdon, by which marriage he acquired the manors of Writtle and Hatfield Broadoak, Essex in England. They had his heir and successor: Robert V de Brus.
He died sometime between 1226 and 1233, and was buried in Guisborough Priory."

Robert = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011011110111011111 Willam de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale (d. 1212) md. 0.110111011011011110111011110 Christina or Beatrice de Teyden

According to Wikipedia: "William de Brus, 3rd Lord of Annandale (d. July 16, 1212) was the second but eldest surviving son of Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale. His elder brother, Robert III de Brus, predeceased their father and never held the lordship of Annandale. William de Brus thus succeeded his father when the latter died in 1194.
William de Brus possessed large estates in the north of England. He obtained from King John, the grant of a weekly market at Hartlepool, and granted lands to the canons of Gisburn.[1] Very little else is known about William's activities. He makes a few appearances in the English government records and witnessed a charter of King William of Scotland. He married a woman called Christina, and had by her at least two sons,  Robert (his successor), William."

William = son of

Generation 29

0.1101110110110111101110111111 Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale (d. 1194) md. 0.1101110110110111101110111110 Euphemia, daughter of 0.11011101101101111011101111101 William le Gros, 1st Earl of Albermarle

According to Wikipedia: "Robert II de Brus, The Cadet, (died 1194) was a 12th century Norman noble and Lord of Annandale. He was the son, perhaps the second son,[1] of Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale. The elder de Brus' allegiances were compromised when David invaded England in the later 1130s, and he had renounced his fealty to David before the Battle of the Standard in 1138. The younger Robert however remained loyal and took over his father's land in Scotland, whilst the English territories remained with the elder Robert and passed to the latter's elder son Adam. Bruce family tradition has it that Robert II was captured by his father at the battle and given over to King Stephen of England. A legend tells that in the 1140s, Robert II was visited at Annan by St Malachy. St Malachy asked Robert to pardon a thief, but Robert hung him anyway, and for this the River Annan destroyed part of his castle and the de Brus line received a curse from the holy man. Robert made Lochmaben the centre of his lordship and constructed a new caput there. Robert was buried at Guisborough Priory in North Riding, Yorkshire, a monastery founded by his father Robert I de Brus. As his eldest son, Robert, predeceased him, he was succeeded by his second son William. He married Euphemia, a daughter of William le Gros, 1st Earl of Albemarle, and had four known children,"

Robert = son of

Generation 30

0.11011101101101111011101111111 Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale (d. 1142)

According to Wikipedia: "Robert I de Brus (died 1142) was an early 12th century Norman baron and knight, the first of the Bruce dynasty of Scotland. A monastic patron, he is remembered as the founder of Gisborough Priory in Yorkshire in 1119. Nothing is known of Robert's father, except that he was a landowner in Normandy. Modern historians contend that Robert may have come from Brix, Manche, near Cherbourg in the Cotentin Peninsula, and came to Britain after King Henry I of England's conquest of Normandy (i.e: at the same time as Alan fitzFlaad, ancestor of the Stewart Royal Family). David fitz Malcolm (after 1124 King David I of Scotland), was present in France with King Henry and was granted much of the Cotentin Peninsula. It is suggested that Robert de Brus's presences and absences at Henry's court seem to coincide with David's. Whatever his immediate ancestry, what is known beyond doubt is that he went to Scotland, where the new King, David, made Robert Lord of Annandale in 1124,[2]. although there is scant evidence that this Robert took up residence on his Scottish estates."


The Plantagenet Family, Starting from Generation 23, with 0.1101110110110111100010  Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent"


0.110111011011011110001Joan "the Fair Maid of Kent", (1328-1385) granddaughter of Edward I of England, wife of Edward the Black Prince and mother of Richard II of England md. 0.1101110110110111100011 Thomas Holland, 1st Earl Earl of Kent (c. 1314 - Dec. 26, 1360) military commander during the Hundred Years' War .
 
[Cary-Estes p. 84 Joan of Kent md. Thomas Holand]

Joan = daughter of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111000111 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (Plantagenet)  (Aug. 5, 1301 - March 19, 1330 executed for treason) md. 0.11011101101101111000110 Margaret Wake, (c. 1297 - Sept. 29, 1349) 3rd Baroness Wake, descendant of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd Wake Family

[Cary-Estes p. 84 Edward of Woodstock md. Margaret Wake (d. 1330)]

Edmund = son of

Generation 25

0.110111011011011110001111 King Edward I of England "Longshanks" (June 14, 1229 - July 7, 1307) reigned 1272-1307) md.1299 0.1101110110110111100110 Margaret of France (1282 - Feb. 14, 1317), daughter of 0.11011101101101111001101 King Philip III of France md. 0.11011101101101111001100 Maria of Brabant Capet Family

[Cary-Estes p. 84 Margaret md. Edward I King of England]

Edward = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110110111100011111 Henry III, King of England (Plantagenet) (1207-1272) reigned 1216-1272) md. 0.1101110110110111100011110 Eleanor of Provence (c. 1223-1291) daughter of 0.11011101101101111000111101 Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence (1198-1245) and 0.11011101101101111000111100 Beatrice of Savoy (1206-1266))

Henry = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101101111000111111 John I, "Lackland," King of England (Plantagenet)  [Magna Carta] (1166-1216) reigned 1199-1216) md. 0.11011101101101111000111110 Isabella of Angoulême (1187-1246) daughter of 0.110111011011011110001111101 Aymer Taillefer, Count of Angouleme

John = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011011110001111111 Henry II, King of England (Plantagenet) (1133-1189) reigned 1154-1189) md. 0.110111011011011110001111110 Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) daughter of 0.1101110110110111100011111101 William X, Duke of Aquitaine and 0.1101110110110111100011111100 Aenor de Châtellerault

Henry = son of

Generation 29

0.1101110110110111100011111111 Geoffrey V Count of Anjou and Maine by inheritance, and Duke of Normandy by conquest 1144 the Handsome (Plantagenet) (Aug. 24, 1113 - Sept. 7 1151) md. 0.1101110110110111100011111110 Empress Matilda (1102-1110), briefly (contested) the first female ruler of England in 1141 (widow of Henry V Holy Roman Emperor) Family of Normandy

Geoffrey = son of

Generation 30

0.11011101101101111000111111111 Fulk V of Anjou AKA Fulk the Younger, (1089/1092 - Nov. 13, 1143) Count of Anjou 1109-1129 and King of Jerusalem 1131-1143  went on Crusade in 1120 and became a close friend of the Knights Templar md. (1) Eremburga of La Fleche, daughter of Elias I of Maine md. (2) 0.11011101101101111000111111110 Matilda, daughter of 0.110111011011011110001111111101 Gervais, Lord of Chateau-du-Loir

Fulk = son of

0.110111011011011110001111111111 Fulk IV AKA le Réchin (1043-1109) Count of Anjou 1068-1109 md. 0.1101110110110111100011111111110 Bertrade de Monfort, who later deserted her husband and bigamously married King Philip I, she was the daughter of 0.11011101101101111000111111111101 Simon of Monfort

Fulk = son of

0.1101110110110111100011111111111 Geoffrey Count of Gatinais (AKA Aubri) md. 0.1101110110110111100011111111110 Ermengarde of Anjou, daughter of 0.11011101101101111000111111111101 Fulk the Black, Count of Anjou


The Hainault Family, Starting from Generation 23, with 0.1101110110110111100110 Philippa of Hainaut

0.1101110110110111100110 Philippa of Hainaut (1314-1369) md. 0.1101110110110111100111 King Edward III of England  (Nov. 13, 1312 - June 21, 1377) reigned 1327-1377 Plantagenet Family

Philippa = daughter of

Generation 24

0.11011101101101111001101 William I Count of Hainault  (1286-1337) md. 1305 0.11011101101101111001100 Jeanne of Valois (1292-1342) Valois Family

William = son of

Generation 25

0.110111011011011110011011 John II of Avesnes, Count of Holland (1247 - Aug. 22, 1304) md. 0.110111011011011110011010 Philippa of Luxembourg (1252-1311)

John = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110110111100110111 John I of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut (May 1, 1218 - Dec. 24, 1257) md. 0.1101110110110111100110110 Adelaide of Holland AKA Aleide (Aleidis) van Holland (c. 1230 - April 9, 1284)

John = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101101111001101111 Bouchard IV of Avesnes   md. 0.11011101101101111001101110 Margaret II Countess of Flanders and Countess of Hainault (1202-1280) Family of Baldwin of Constantinople

Bouchard = son of

0.110111011011011110011011111 James of Avesnes (1152 - Sept. 7, 1191) lord of Avesnes, Conde and Leuze; participated in the Third Crusade as leader of a detachment of French, Flemish, and Frisian soldiers which arrived in the Holy Land in 1189; died there at the Battle of Arsuf in 1191 md. 0.1101110110110111100110111110 Adela of Guise (d. 1185), daughter of 0.11011101101101111001101111101 Bernard of Guise

James = son of

0.1101110110110111100110111111 Nicholas d'Oisy, lord of Avesnes md. 0.11011101101101111001101111110 Matilda de la Roche


The Valois Family, Starting from Generation 24, with 0.11011101101101111001100 Jeanne of Valois

 0.11011101101101111001100 Jeanne of Valois (1292-1342) md. 1305 0.11011101101101111001101 William I Count of Hainault  (1286-1337) Hainault Family

Jeanne = daughter of

Generation 25

0.110111011011011110011001 Charles of Valois (1270-1325) md.  0.110111011011011110011000 Marguerite of Anjou and Maine (1273-1299)

their son became Philip VI King of France
their nephews became Louis X, Philip V, and Charles IV, kings of France

Charles = son of

Generation 26

 0.110111011011011110011001 King Philip III "the Bold" of France (Capet) (1245-1285), reigned 1270-1285 md. 0.110111011011011110011000 Isabella of Aragon (1247-1271) Family of Aragon

Philip appears in Dante's Divine Comedy, According to Wikipedia "In the Divine Comedy, Dante sees Philip's spirit outside the gates of Purgatory with a number of other contemporary European rulers. Dante does not name Philip directly, but refers to him as 'the small-nosed' and 'the father of the Pest of France.'"

Philip = son of

Generation 27

 0.1101110110110111100110011 King Louis IX of France (Capet) "Saint Louis" of the Crusades (1214-1270), reigned 1226-1270 md. 1234  0.1101110110110111100110010 Marguerite of Provence (1221-1295) (sister of Eleanor, wife of Henry III King of England) 

Louis = son of

Generation 28

0.11011101101101111001100111 King Louis VIII of France (Capet) (1187-1226) reigned 1223-1226) md. 0.11011101101101111001100110 Blanche of Castile (1188-1252)  Family of Castile

Louis = son of

Generation 29

0.110111011011011110011001111 King Philip II Augustus of France (Capet) (1165-1223) reigned 1180-1223) md. 0.110111011011011110011001110 Isabelle of Hainaut (1170-1190) 

Philip = son of

Generation 30

0.1101110110110111100110011111  King Louis VII King of France AKA "the Younger" (Capet) (1120-1180) md. 0.1101110110110111100110011110  Adela of Champagne (1140-1206) daughter of 0.11011101101101111001100111101 Theobald II of Champagne and 0.11011101101101111001100111100 Matilda of Carinthnia (= third wife)

Louis = son of

Generation 31

0.11011101101101111001100111111  King Louis VI of France (Capet) (1081-1127)  md. 1115  0.11011101101101111001100111110 Adelaide of Savoy AKA Adelaide of Maurienne  (1092-1154) daughter of 0.110111011011011110011001111101 Humbert II of Savoy and 0.110111011011011110011001111100 Gisela of Burgundy

Louis = son of

Generation 32

0.110111011011011110011001111111  King Philip I of France (Capet) (1053-1108) reigned 1060-1108) md. 0.110111011011011110011001111110  Bertha of Holland (1055-1094), daughter of 0.1101110110110111100110011111101 Floris I, Count of Holland, by his wife 0.1101110110110111100110011111100 Gertrude of Saxony, the daughter of 0.11011101101101111001100111111001 Bernard II, Duke of SaxonyFamily of Antioch

Philip = son of

Generation 33

0.1110110110111100110011111111  King Henry I of France (Capet) (1008-1060) reigned 1031-1060) md. 0.1101110110110111100110011111110 Anne of Kiev AKA Anna Yaroslavna (between 1024 and 1032 – 1075) daughter of 0.11011101101101111001100111111101 Yaroslav I King of Kiev and his wife 0.11011101101101111001100111111100 Ingegerd Olofsdotter Family of Kiev

Henry = son of

Generation 34

0.11101101101111001100111111111 King Robert II of France (Capet) (972–1031) (Capet) reigned 996-1031 md. 0.11101101101111001100111111110 Constance of Arles (973–1032) daughter of 0.111011011011110011001111111101 William I, count of Provence

Robert = son of

Generation 35

0.111011011011110011001111111111 King Hugh Capet of France (940-996) reigned 987-996 md. 0.111011011011110011001111111110 Adele AKA Adelaide of Aquitaine AKA Adelaide of Poitiers (c. 945 or 952 – 1004) daughter of 0.1110110110111100110011111111101 William III of Aquitaine md. 935 0.1110110110111100110011111111100 Adele of Normandy b. 912 

Hugh = son of

Generation 36

0.1110110110111100110011111111111 Hugh the Great, Duke of France (d. 956) md. 0.1110110110111100110011111111110 Hedwige of Saxony (c. 910 - 965)  daughter of 11101101101111001100111111111101 Henry I the Fowler, Duke of Saxony md. 11101101101111001100111111111100 Matilda of Ringelheim AKA Saint Matilda or Saint Mathilda

In the Divine Comedy Dante meets the soul of Duke Hugh in Purgatory, lamenting the avarice of his descendants.

Hugh = son of

Generation 37

0.11101101101111001100111111111111 Robert I (after September 866 – June 15, 923), king of West Francia (922 – 923) md. 895 (= second wife) 0.11101101101111001100111111111110 Béatrice of Vermandois  (c. 880 – after March 26, 931) daughter of 0.111011011011110011001111111111101 Herbert I of Vermandois (c. 848/850 – 907))  Family of Vermandois

Robert = son of

Generation 38

0.111011011011110011001111111111111 Robert IV "the Strong" AKA Rupert d. 866, Margrave in Neustria (now central France) md. 0.111011011011110011001111111111110 Adelaide or Adalais daughter of 0.1110110110111100110011111111111101 Hugh or Hugo, Count of Tours and Sens (780-837) during the reign of Charlemagne; he was probably a son of Count Haicho of the House of the Etichonen.

Robert = son of

Generation 39

0.1110110110111100110011111111111111 Robert III (died 822), Count of Worms and Rheingau

Robert = son of

Generation 40

0.11101101101111001100111111111111111 Robert, Rodbert or Chrodobert, a Frank and duke of Hesbaye.


The Hohenzollern Family, Starting from Generation 24, with Dorothea of Brandenburg

0.11011101101111110100 Dorothea of Brandenburg (1430/1431-1495), AKA Dorothea of Hohensollern and Dorothy Achilles. md. 0.11011101101111110101 King Christian I (1426-1481) King of Denmark 1448-1481, Norway 1450-1481 and Sweden 1457-1464, also Count of Oldenburg and Delmenhorst Oldenburg Family

Dorothea = daughter of

Generation 25

0.110111011011111101001 John Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, nicknamed The Alchemist (1406-1464) md. 0.110111011011111101000 Barbara of Saxe-Wittenberg (1405-1465), daughter of 0.1101110110111111010001 Rudolf III Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg

John = son of

Generation 26

0.1101110110111111010011 Frederick I Margrave of Brandenburg  and Burgrave of Nuremberg (1371-1440) md. 0.1101110110111111010010 Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut (1383-1442) Family of Bavaria-Landshut

Frederick = son of

Generation 27

0.11011101101111110100111 Burgrave Frederick V of Nuremberg (b. before 1333 d. Jan. 1398) md. 0.11011101101111110100110 Elisabeth of Meissen (1329-1375)

Frederick = son of

Generation 28

0.110111011011111101001111 John II Burgrave of Nuremberg (c. 1309-1357) md. 0.110111011011111101001110 Elisabeth of Henneberg-Schleusingen

Frederick = son of

Generation 29

0.1101110110111111010011111 Frederick IV Brugrave of Nuremberg (1287-1332)  md. 0.1101110110111111010011110 Margarete of Gorz

Frederick = son of

Generation 30

0.11011101101111110100111111 Frederick III  Brugrave of Nuremberg (c. 1220-1297)  md. 0.11011101101111110100111110 Helene of Saxony, daugther of  0.110111011011111101001111101 Albert II Duke of Saxony and  0.110111011011111101001111100 Helene of Braunschweig

Frederick = son of

Generation 31

0.110111011011111101001111111 Conrad I Burgrave of Nuremberg and Count of Zollern of the House of Hohenzollern (c. 1186-1261) md. 0.110111011011111101001111110 Adelheid of Frontenhausen

Conrad = son of

Generation 32

0.1101110110111111010011111111 Frederick I of Nuremberg Burgrave of Nuremberg and Count of Zollern (b. before 1139 d. after 1200) md. 0.1101110110111111010011111110 Sofie of Raabs

Frederick = son of

Generation 33

0.11011101101111110100111111111 Count Frederick II of Zollern

­____________

Second Family of Sweden, Starting from Generation 24, 0.110111011011111101011010 Ingeborg of Sweden

0.110111011011111101011010 Ingeborg of Sweden (1263-1292) md. 0.110111011011111101011011 Gerhard II, Count of Holstein-Ploen (1254 - Oct. 28, 1312)

Ingeborg = daughter of

 

Generation 25

 

0.1101110110111111010110101 Valdemar I, King of Sweden (1239 - 1302) md. 0.1101110110111111010110100 Sophia of Denmark, daughter of 0.11011101101111110101101001 Eric IV, King of Denmark Second Family of Denmark

 

Valdemar = son of

 

Generation 26

 

0.11011101101111110101101011 Birger Magnusson AKA Birger Jarl, founder of Stockholm (1210 - 1266) md. 0.11011101101111110101101010 Ingeborg Eriksdotter of Sweden, daughter of 0.110111011011111101011010111 King Eric X of Sweden md. 0.110111011011111101011010110 Ricvheza of Denmark

 

According to Wikipedia "was a Swedish statesman, Jarl of Sweden and a member of the House of Bjelbo, who played a pivotal role in the consolidation of Sweden. Birger also led the Second Swedish Crusade, which established Swedish rule in Finland. Additionally, he is traditionally attributed to have founded the Swedish capital, Stockholm around 1250.

Birger = son of

 

0.110111011011111101011010110 Lady Ingrid Ylva, "The White Witch" (1180 - 1250) md. 0.110111011011111101011010111 Magnus Minneskold (d. 1210)

 

Lady Ingrid Ylva, a Swedish noblewoman was renowned as a "white witch" -- a master of magic used for good -- and for her ability to foretell the future. During insecure times (which were common around 1200), she lived in a church tower on her estates in Bjalbo.

Legend has it that when Bjalbo was attacked by enemies of the family, she rushed to the top of the church tower, ripped open a pillow full of feathers, and turned those feathers into knights in amor, who fought off the invaders.

_____________________________________________

The Wake Family, Starting from Generation 24, from 0.11011101101101111000110 Margaret Wake

0.11011101101101111000110 Margaret Wake, (c. 1297 - Sept. 29, 1349) 3rd Baroness Wake, descendant of Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd md. 0.11011101101101111000111 Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent (Plantagenet)  (Aug. 5, 1301 - March 19, 1330 executed for treason) Plantagenet Family

According to Wikipedia: "Margaret Wake (c. 1297 – 29 September 1349) was the wife of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent. She was the daughter of John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell, and was descended directly from Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd. Her mother was Joan de Fiennes, making her a cousin of Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March. Margaret married John Comyn (c. 1294-1314) around 1312, son of the John Comyn who was murdered by Robert the Bruce in 1306. Her husband John died at the Battle of Bannockburn, and their only child, Aymer Comyn (1314-1316) died as a toddler. She married for a second time, to Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent. They received a dispensation in October 1325, and the wedding probably took place at Christmas.

Through her marriage to Edmund (who was executed for treason in 1330), she was the mother of two short-lived Earls of Kent, of Margaret and Joan of Kent (wife of Edward, the Black Prince). The pregnant Margaret and her children were confined to Salisbury Castle, and her brother Thomas Wake was accused of treason but later pardoned. When King Edward III of England reached his majority and overthrew the regents, he took in Margaret and her children and treated them as his own family. She succeeded briefly as Baroness Wake of Liddell in 1349, but died during an outbreak of the plague that autumn."

Margaret = daughter of

Generation 24

 0.110111011011011110001101 John Wake, First Baron Wake of Liddell (d. 1300) md. 0.110111011011011110001100 Joan de Fiennes

According to ThePeerage, "John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell was the son of Baldwin Wake, Lord of Bourne and Hawise de Quincy. He married Joan de Fenes, daughter of William de Fiennes, Baron of Tingry and Blanche de Brienne, Dame de La Loupelande, before 24 August 1291. He died circa 10 March 1300.  John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell gained the title of 1st Baron Wake of Liddell.1"

According to ThePeerage, "Joan de Fenes is the daughter of William de Fiennes, Baron of Tingry and Blanche de Brienne, Dame de La Loupelande.1 She married John Wake, 1st Baron Wake of Liddell, son of Baldwin Wake, Lord of Bourne and Hawise de Quincy, before 24 August 1291. She died before 26 October 1309.  Joan de Fenes was also known as Joan de Fiennes. From before 24 August 1291, her married name became Wake."

John = son of

Generation 25

 0.1101110110110111100011011  Baldwin Wake, Lord of Bourne (d. 1281-1282) md. 0.1101110110110111100011010 Hawise de Quincy

According to ThePeerage, "Baldwin Wake, Lord of Bourne was born between 1238 and 1258. He married, secondly, Hawise de Quincy, daughter of Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware and Helen ap Llywelyn, circa 1268. He died between 4 February 1281 and 1282.  Baldwin Wake, Lord of Bourne gained the title of Lord of Bourne."

According to ThePeerage, "Hawise de Quincy was born circa 1250.1 She was the daughter of Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware and Helen ap Llywelyn.1 She married Baldwin Wake, Lord of Bourne circa 1268. She died circa 1295.1 She was also reported to have died before 27 March 1285.  Her married name became Wake."

Hawise de Quincy = daughter of

Generation 26

0.11011101101101111000110111 Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware md. 0.11011101101101111000110110 Helen ap Llywelyn AKA Helen of North Wales (b. c. 1207 d. 1253)

According to ThePeerage, " Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware was the son of Saher de Quency, 1st Earl of Winchester.1 He married Helen ap Llywelyn, daughter of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales and Joan (?), before 5 December 1237.2 He died in August 1257, without male issue.1 Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware gained the title of Lord of Ware."

According to ThePeerage, "Helen ap Llywelyn was born circa 1207.2 She was the daughter of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales and Joan (?).1 She married, firstly, John the Scot, 10th Earl of Huntingdon, son of David of Scotland, 9th Earl of Huntingdon and Matilda of Chester, in 1222.1,3 She married, secondly, Robert de Quincy, Lord of Ware, son of Saher de Quency, 1st Earl of Winchester, before 5 December 1237.1 She died between 1 January 1253 and 24 October 1253.3,4 An inquest post mortem was held for her on 10 November 1253.4  Helen ap Llywelyn was also known as Helen of North Wales.5"

Helen = daughter of

Generation 27

0.110111011011011110001101111 Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of North Wales AKA Llywelyn the Great (c. 1173 - April 1240) reigned 1218-1240 md. 0.110111011011011110001101110 Joan, Lady of Wales, daughter of 0.1101110110110111100011011101 King John of England Plantagenet Family

According to Wikipedia: "Llywelyn the Great (full name Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, (c. 1173 – 11 April 1240) was a Prince of Gwynedd in north Wales and eventually de facto ruler over most of Wales. He is occasionally called Llywelyn I of Wales.[1] By a combination of war and diplomacy he dominated Wales for forty years, and was one of only two Welsh rulers to be called 'the Great'.

Llywelyn's main home and court throughout his reign was at Garth Celyn on the north coast of Gwynedd, between Bangor and Conwy, overlooking the port of Llanfaes; he also had a hunting lodge in the uplands at Trefriw.[2] Throughout the thirteenth century, up to the Edwardian conquest, Garth Celyn, Aber Garth Celyn, was in effect the capital of Wales. (Garth Celyn is now known as Pen y Bryn, Bryn Llywelyn, Abergwyngregyn and parts of the medieval buildings still remain).[3]

During Llywelyn's boyhood Gwynedd was ruled by two of his uncles, who had agreed to split the kingdom between them following the death of Llywelyn's grandfather, Owain Gwynedd, in 1170. Llywelyn had a strong claim to be the legitimate ruler and began a campaign to win power at an early age. He was sole ruler of Gwynedd by 1200, and made a treaty with King John of England the same year. Llywelyn's relations with John remained good for the next ten years. He married John's natural daughter Joan, in 1205, and when John arrested Gwenwynwyn ab Owain of Powys in 1208 Llywelyn took the opportunity to annex southern Powys. In 1210 relations deteriorated and John invaded Gwynedd in 1211. Llywelyn was forced to seek terms and to give up all his lands east of the River Conwy, but was able to recover these lands the following year in alliance with the other Welsh princes. He allied himself with the barons who forced John to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. By 1216 he was the dominant power in Wales, holding a council at Aberdyfi that year to apportion lands to the other princes.

Following King John's death, Llywelyn concluded the Treaty of Worcester with his successor Henry III in 1218. During the next fifteen years Llywelyn was frequently involved in fighting with Marcher lords and sometimes with the king, but also made alliances with several of the major powers in the Marches. The Peace of Middle in 1234 marked the end of Llywelyn's military career as the agreed truce of two years was extended year by year for the remainder of his reign. He maintained his position in Wales until his death in 1240, and was succeeded by his son Dafydd ap Llywelyn.

Llywelyn was born about 1173, the son of Iorwerth ap Owain and the grandson of Owain Gwynedd, who had been ruler of Gwynedd until his death in 1170. Llywelyn was a descendant of the senior line of Rhodri Mawr and therefore a member of the princely house of Gwynedd. [4] He was probably born at Dolwyddelan though not in the present Dolwyddelan castle, which was built by Llywelyn himself. He may have been born in the old castle which occupied a rocky knoll on the valley floor.[5] Little is known about his father, Iorwerth Drwyndwn, who died when Llywelyn was an infant. There is no record of Iorwerth having taken part in the power struggle between some of Owain Gwynedd's other sons following Owain's death, although he was the eldest surviving son. There is a tradition that he was disabled or disfigured in some way that excluded him from power.[6]

By 1175 Gwynedd had been divided between two of Llywelyn's uncles. Dafydd ab Owain held the area east of the River Conwy and Rhodri ab Owain held the west. Dafydd and Rhodri were the sons of Owain by his second marriage to Cristin ferch Goronwy. This marriage was not considered valid by the church as Cristin was Owain's first cousin, a degree of relationship which according to Canon law prohibited marriage. Giraldus Cambrensis refers to Iorwerth Drwyndwn as the only legitimate son of Owain Gwynedd.[7] Following Iorwerth's death, Llywelyn was, at least in the eyes of the church, the legitimate claimant to the throne of Gwynedd.[8]

Llywelyn's mother was Marared, sometimes anglicised to Margaret, daughter of Madog ap Maredudd, prince of Powys. There is evidence that, after her first husband Iorwerth's death, Marared married in the summer of 1197, Gwion, the nephew of Roger Powys of Whittington Castle. She seems to have pre-deceased her husband, after bearing him a son, David ap Gwion, and therefore there can be no truth in the story that she later married into the Corbet family of Caus Castle (near Westbury, Shropshire) and later, Moreton Corbet Castle.[9]
[edit] Rise to power 1188–1199
The arms of the royal house of Gwynedd were traditionally first used by Llywelyn's father, Iorwerth Drwyndwn

In his account of his journey around Wales in 1188 Giraldus Cambrensis mentions that the young Llywelyn was already in arms against his uncles Dafydd and Rhodri;

    "Owen, son of Gruffyth, prince of North Wales, had many sons, but only one legitimate, namely, Jorwerth Drwyndwn, which in Welsh means flat-nosed, who had a son named Lhewelyn. This young man, being only twelve years of age, began, during the period of our journey, to molest his uncles David and Roderic, the sons of Owen by Christiana, his cousin-german; and although they had divided amongst themselves all North Wales, except the land of Conan, and although David, having married the sister of king Henry II, by whom he had one son, was powerfully supported by the English, yet within a few years the legitimate son, destitute of lands or money (by the aid of divine vengeance), bravely expelled from North Wales those who were born in public incest, though supported by their own wealth and by that of others, leaving them nothing but what the liberality of his own mind and the counsel of good men from pity suggested: a proof that adulterous and incestuous persons are displeasing to God." [10]

In 1194, with the aid of his cousins Gruffudd ap Cynan and Maredudd ap Cynan, he defeated Dafydd at the battle of Aberconwy at the mouth of the River Conwy. Rhodri died in 1195, and his lands west of the Conwy were ta